- Argentine wine
Argentine wine, as with some aspects of Argentine cuisine, has its roots in
Spain. During the Spanish colonization of the Americas, Juan Cedrón (or Cidrón) brought the first vine cuttings to Santiago del Esteroin 1557, and the cultivation of the grape and wine production stretched first to neighbouring regions, and then to other parts of the country.
Argentine winemakers have traditionally been more interested in quantity than quality and the country consumes 90% of the wine it produces (45 litres a year per capita according to 2006 figures). However, the desire to increase
exports fueled significant advances in quality. Argentine wines started being exported during the 1990s, and are currently growing in popularity. The devaluation of the Argentine pesoin 2002, following the economic collapse, further fueled the industry as production costs decreased and tourism significantly increased, giving way to a whole new concept of wine tourism in Argentina. The past years have seen the birth of numerous tourist-friendly wineries with free tours and tastings. Some wineries even provide accommodations (such as is the case of Salentein or Tapiz) for tourists interested in staying in boutique hotels specifically oriented towards wine-tourism. The Mendoza Provinceis now one of Argentina's top tourist destinations and the one which has grown the most in the past years.
Argentina is the largest wine producer in South America and the 5th largest in the world, with over 1,200 million liters (2003), and the 13th largest exporter in the world (431 million USD in 2005). Argentina probably produces the best
Malbec. Ironically, in the 1980s, Argentina almost gave up on the grape through government vine pull schemes.
Due to the high altitude and low humidity of the main wine producing regions, Argentine
vineyards rarely face the problems of insects, fungi, moulds and other diseases that affect grapes in other countries. This permits cultivating with little or no pesticides, allowing even organic wines to be easily produced.
The most important wine regions of the country are located in the provinces of Mendoza and San Juan (Cuyo region), and La Rioja. Salta, Catamarca, Río Negro and more recently Southern Buenos Aires are also wine producing regions. The Mendoza Province produces more than 60% of the Argentine wine and is the source of an even higher percentage of the total exports (84% by value during the first trimester of 2006).
*Mendoza - Valle Central, Mendoza area,
Valle de Uco, San Rafael area
*San Juan -
Valle de Tulum, Valle de Ullum
*La Rioja - Valle de
*Catamarca - Valle de
*Río Negro - Alto Valle
San Salvador de Jujuy(the northernmost wine producing province, which has produced wines at some of the highest recorded altitudes)
San Patricio del Chañar(developing wine region in the north of the Patagonian province)
*Buenos Aires - Southern Buenos Aires wine region
There are many different varieties of grapes cultivated in Argentina, reflecting her many immigrant groups. The French brought
Auxerrois, which became known as Malbec, which makes most of Argentina's best known wines. The Italians brought vines that they called Bonarda, although Argentine Bonarda appears to be the Corbeau of Savoie, also known as Charbono in California, which may be related to Dolcetto. It has nothing in common with the light fruity wines made from Bonarda Piemontesein Piedmont. Torrontésis another typically Argentine grape and is mostly found in the provinces of La Rioja, San Juan, and Salta. It is a member of the Malvasiagroup that makes aromatic white wines. It has recently been grown in Spain. Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Chardonnayand other international favourites are becoming more widely planted, but some varieties are cultivated characteristically in certain areas.
Malbec- Mendoza (20,000 hectares)
Syrah- San Juan
Merlot- Río Negro
Pinot Noir- Río Negro
Torrontés- Salta, La Rioja, Mendoza and San Juan
Riesling- San Juan and La Rioja
Chenin Blanc- Mendoza
Viognier- Mendoza and San Juan
Sémillon- Mendoza and Río Negro
Globalization of wine
Foreign trade of Argentina
* Zraly, Kevin. "Windows of the World Complete Wine Course". NY: Sterling, 2005.
* "La Nación", 16 May 2006. [http://www.lanacion.com.ar/805751 "Siguen creciendo las exportaciones de vinos y mostos."]
* [http://www.vino.com/country/argentina/ Argentine wine]
* [http://www.allaboutar.com/ar_wine_intro.htm Argentine wine history]
* [http://www.embargentina.or.jp/guia/vinos4.html Principal vine varieties in Argentina]
* [http://www.inta.gov.ar/info/documentos/planvit.pdf "Plan Estratégico Vitivinícola"] (PEVI)
* [http://www.argentinaturistica.com/vinostur.htm Turismo enológico]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Argentine cuisine — This article is part of the series … Wikipedia
Wine tourism — refers to tourism whose purpose is or includes the tasting, consumption, or purchase of wine, often at or near the source. Wine tourism can consist of visits to wineries, vineyards, and restaurants known to offer unique vintages, as well as… … Wikipedia
Argentine peso — Peso argentino (Spanish) … Wikipedia
Wine Country (Californie) — Wine Country (en français « pays du vin ») est une région située en Californie du Nord, aux États Unis, réputée pour sa production de vin depuis le XIXe siècle. L essor de la viticulture et du vin est lié d abord à l influence… … Wikipédia en Français
Argentine Great Western Railway — The Argentine Great Western Railway (AGW) (in Spanish: Ferrocarril Gran Oeste Argentino) was a British owned railway company, founded in 1887, that operated a broad gauge, RailGauge|5ft6in|al=off|lk=on, railway network in the Argentine provinces… … Wikipedia
New World wine — Vineyard in Stellenbosch, South Africa New World wines are those wines produced outside the traditional wine growing areas of Europe, in particular from Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, New Zealand, South Africa and the United … Wikipedia
Mendoza wine — For other uses, see Mendoza (disambiguation). The Mendoza Province,Argentina The Mendoza Province is one of Argentina s most important wine regions, accounting for nearly two thirds of the country s entire wine production. Located in the eastern… … Wikipedia
List of wine-related topics — This is a list of wine related topics.General*Wine *Glossary of wine terms *Wine competitions *Wine tasting *List of cocktails with wine *List of vineyards and wineries *List of wine personalities *List of wine producing countries *List of wine… … Wikipedia
Globalization of wine — HistoryWine has been traded internationally since ancient times. And in the wake of the amphoras came winemakers, winemaking techniques, and cuttings of grapevines. Many grapes that are considered traditional in Western Europe were in fact… … Wikipedia
Italian Argentine — Infobox Ethnic group group = flagicon|Italy Italian Argentine flagicon|Argentina Italo Argentino caption = Notable Italian Argentines Carlos Pellegrini·Arturo Frondizi·Ástor Piazzolla Luciana Pedraza·Lionel Messi·Gabriela Sabatini poptime = 20 25 … Wikipedia