Orlando International Airport


Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport Logo.svg
Mco-6jan1999.jpg
January 6, 1999
IATA: MCOICAO: KMCOFAA LID: MCO
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Greater Orlando Aviation Authority (GOAA)
Serves Orlando, Florida, USA
Location Orlando, Florida, USA
Hub for AirTran Airways
Elevation AMSL 96 ft / 29 m
Coordinates 28°25′46″N 081°18′32″W / 28.42944°N 81.30889°W / 28.42944; -81.30889Coordinates: 28°25′46″N 081°18′32″W / 28.42944°N 81.30889°W / 28.42944; -81.30889
Website http://www.orlandoairports.net
Maps
FAA airport diagram
MCO is located in Florida
MCO
Location within Florida
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
17L/35R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
17R/35L 10,000 3,048 Concrete
18L/36R 12,005 3,659 Asphalt/Concrete
18R/36L 12,004 3,659 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 44 13 Concrete
Statistics (2006/2007)
Aircraft operations 391,745 (2,006)
Passengers 34,877,899 (2,010)
Source: Aircraft operations: Federal Aviation Administration[1]
Passengers: Airports Council International[2]

Orlando International Airport (IATA: MCOICAO: KMCOFAA LID: MCO)[3] is a major international airport located 6 nmi (11 km) southeast of the central business district of Orlando. It is the second busiest airport in Florida, after Miami International Airport.[4] It is the 13th busiest airport in the United States and the 29th busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic.[5]

The airport serves as a hub for AirTran Airways and as a focus city for Southwest Airlines, JetBlue Airways. The airport hosts AirTran's corporate headquarters and operations center, though the airline maintains its main hub of operations at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia. Southwest Airlines is currently the airport's largest carrier in terms of passengers traveled; SWA carried one-fifth of all passenger traffic at MCO in 2006.[6] They will increase their presence at the airport once they complete their merger with AirTran.

The airport code MCO stands for the airport's former name, McCoy Air Force Base, a Strategic Air Command (SAC) installation named for Colonel Michael Norman Wright McCoy, USAF, commander of the 321st Bombardment Wing at the then-Pinecastle Air Force Base. Col McCoy died in the crash of a B-47 Stratojet during the annual Strategic Air Command (SAC) Bombing and Navigation Competition that was held at the base in 1957. Pinecastle AFB was later renamed McCoy AFB in his honor the following year. McCoy AFB later became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing operating the B-52 Stratofortress and the KC-135 Stratotanker. In the early 1960s, with the advent of commercial jet airline service to the Orlando area, the installation became a joint civil-military facility. Following the Vietnam War, McCoy AFB was identified for closure and all permanent party Air Force flight operations ceased in early 1975. The facility was briefly known as Orlando-McCoy Jetport until being renamed as Orlando International Airport.

The Greater Orlando area is also served by Orlando Sanford International Airport (SFB), and more indirectly by Daytona Beach International Airport (DAB), Melbourne International Airport (MLB), and Tampa International Airport (TPA).

Contents

History

Before 1974, the land the airport now sits on was largely owned by the United States Air Force, which operated an air force base there. The facility was originally constructed during World War II as Pinecastle Army Airfield, an auxiliary airfield to the then-Orlando Army Air Base, now known as Orlando Executive Airport. At the end of the war, Pinecastle was briefly used for unpowered glide tests of the Bell X-1 from B-29 aircraft before being relocated to Muroc Army Airfield, now Edwards AFB, California for the world's first supersonic flight. Briefly placed in caretaker status, the base was reactivated during the Korean War for development as a Strategic Air Command (SAC) facility for B-47 Stratojet and KC-97 Stratotanker aircraft. Renamed Pinecastle AFB, the base was later known as McCoy Air Force Base (AFB), operating B-52 Stratofortress bombers, KC-135 Stratotanker air refueling and EC-121 Warning Star airborne early warning aircraft.

During the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962, McCoy AFB became the primary forward operating base for U-2 reconnaissance aircraft and associated Cuban overflight operations, as well as a forward operating base for over 120 F-100 Super Sabre and F-105 Thunderchief fighter bombers. The only fatality of the crisis, Major Rudolf Anderson, Jr., USAF, was killed when his U-2 was shot down by multiple Soviet-operated SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missiles near Banes, Cuba. Major Anderson's final sortie originated at McCoy AFB. Following the crisis, McCoy AFB continued to host a permanent U-2 operating detachment of the 100th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing until 1973.

With the arrival of the first-generation commercial jetliners such as the Boeing 707, Boeing 720, Douglas DC-8 and Convair 880, the length and weight-bearing capability of the runways of Orlando Municipal Airport, now Orlando's Herndon Airport, were inadequate for continuation of commercial airline service. With Municipal hemmed in by lakes and commercial and residential development, further expansion was impractical, and an agreement was reached between the city of Orlando and the U.S. Air Force in 1962 for the use of McCoy AFB under a joint civil-military airport arrangement. The military offered a large AGM-28 Hound Dog missile maintenance hangar and its associated flight line ramp area in the northeast corner of the installation for conversion into a civilian air terminal for the city. The city would then cover the cost of building a replacement missile maintenance hangar on the main base's western flight line. Once executed, the new civilian facility would be known as the Orlando Jetport at McCoy and would operate alongside McCoy AFB. This agreement became a model for other joint civil-military airports in operation today.

Commercial airline service to the new Orlando Jetport at McCoy began in late 1961 or early 1962, per the city and USAF agreement; over the next few years commercial flights shifted from the old Herndon Airport, now the Orlando Executive Airport (IATA: ORLICAO: KORLFAA LID: ORL). By 1971, regular scheduled airline operations were conducted by Delta Air Lines, and the former Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines and Southern Airways.

McCoy AFB was identified for closure in early 1973 as part of a post-Vietnam reduction in force. The following year, McCoy's 306th Bombardment Wing was inactivated, its B-52D Stratofortress and KC-135A Stratotanker aircraft reassigned to other SAC units and most of the McCoy facility turned over to the city of Orlando by the General Services Administration (GSA) in late 1974 and early 1975. A portion of the facility was retained under military control to support Naval Training Center Orlando and several Reserve and National Guard units.

In 1975, the final Air Force contingent departed McCoy and the Greater Orlando Aviation Authority (GOAA) was established as a state-chartered governmental agency and an enterprise fund of the city of Orlando. GOAA's mission was to operate, manage and oversee construction of expansions and improvements to both the Orlando International Airport and the Orlando Executive Airport. The airport gained its current name and international airport status a year later in 1976, but retained its old IATA airport code MCO and ICAO airport code KMCO.

The airport became a U.S. Customs Service Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) in 1978, said zone being designated as FTZ #42. In 1979, the facility was also designated as a large hub airport by the FAA based on flight operations and passenger traffic.

In 1978, construction of the current Landside Terminal and Airsides 1 and 3 began, opening in 1981. The original International Concourse was housed in Airside 1 and opened in 1984. Funding to commence developing the east side of the airport was bonded in 1986, with Runway 17/35 (now 17R/35L) completed in 1989. Airside 4 opened in 1990 and also contains an International Concourse for the processing of international flights. Airside 2, which filled out what will become known as the North Terminal complex, was completed in 2000, with the last additional gates added in 2006. Runway 17L/35R was opened in 2003, providing the airport with a total of four runways.

In 1978, MCO handled 5 million passengers. By 2000, that number had risen to 30 million. Today, MCO covers 23 square miles (60 km²), and is the third-largest airport in the United States by area (after Denver and Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport). MCO also has North America's second tallest control tower, replacing two earlier Air Force and FAA control towers.

MCO is a designated Space Shuttle emergency landing site. The west-side runways, also known as Runway 18L/36R and Runway 18R/36L, were designed to accommodate B-52 Stratofortress bombers and due to their proximity to NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center, were an obvious choice for an emergency landing should an emergency "return to launch site (RTLS) attempt to land at KSC fall short. The runway is also an emergency divert site for NASA's Boeing 747 Shuttle Transport Aircraft when relocating orbiters from either west coast modification work or divert recoveries at Edwards AFB, California or the White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.[7]

Eastern Air Lines used Orlando as a hub during the 1970s and early 1980s, and became "the official airline of Walt Disney World." Following Eastern's demise, Delta Air Lines assumed this role, although it later pulled much of its large aircraft operations from Orlando, and focused its service there on regional jet flights, specifically with Atlantic Southeast Airlines, Comair and Chautauqua Airlines - all part of the Delta Connection system. All Delta Connection service ended September 30, 2008. However, after the merger with Northwest, Delta Connection service to Grand Rapids started. Delta Connection service to Raleigh/Durham also started and service to Miami is due to commence on March 27, 2011.

In 2004, Hurricane Charley caused minor damage to the airport when it struck on the evening of August 13, mostly in the form of shattered terminal windows. Normal service resumed as soon as the weather cleared.

On February 22, 2005, MCO became the first airport in Florida to accept E-Pass and SunPass toll transponders as a form of payment for parking. The system allows drivers to enter and exit a parking garage without pulling a ticket or stopping to pay the parking fee. The two toll roads that serve the airport, SR 528 (Beachline Expressway) and SR 417 (Central Florida GreeneWay), use these systems for automatic toll collection.

In October 2006, MCO opened a 100-space Cell Phone Parking Lot for drivers to use while waiting for passengers to arrive. The lot is set up as a free Wi-Fi Hotspot, enabling drivers to use their mobile devices to access the Internet, check e-mail, and monitor flight status. Around the same time MCO opened an Express Pickup service at each terminal allowing drivers to park their vehicles temporarily at a secure location just outside of baggage claim and meet their arriving party in person. A fee is charged for this service and is only available to E-Pass and SunPass users.

In late 2007, Lufthansa introduced flights to Frankfurt. The new Orlando–Frankfurt route was celebrated by airport and airline officials as a major breakthrough in International travel for Orlando International.

On March 19, 2008, JetBlue announced the addition of Orlando as a new focus city. Orlando will now serve as a key connecting city to international destinations in the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America. New international routes from Orlando International Airport include Cancun, Mexico, Bogotá, Colombia, and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In addition to new routes, the airline will also continue significant expansion of operations at Orlando International Airport including 292-room lodge that will house trainees attending the adjacent "JetBlue University" training facility.[8] Since the announcement, however, the crew lodge has been canceled.[9]

The original terminal building, a converted hangar, was described as inadequate for the task at hand even when it was first opened as Orlando Jetport. After its closure in 1981, it passed through several tenants, the last of which was UPS. It was demolished in May of 2006.[10]

On February 1, 2010, Allegiant began operations at the airport. The company moved one half of its Orlando Sanford International Airport (SFB) schedule to Orlando in order to test revenue streams at the higher cost airport. After evaluating the routes out of Orlando , the carrier decided to consolidate and return its Orlando area operations to SFB citing an inability to achieve a fare premium at MCO as anticipated, a strong passenger preference for Orlando Sanford International Airport, higher costs at MCO than expected and a more efficient operating environment at SFB.

Current structure and function

View of the East Atrium, showing the on-site hotel rooms of the Hyatt Regency
Tramway

The Orlando International Airport consists of a hub-and-spoke layout with a large main terminal building and four airside concourses accessible via elevated tram systems or people movers. The main terminal building is divided into two terminals; A and B. There are passenger check-in and baggage claim facilities on both the building's north side (Terminal A), and on the building's south side (Terminal B). Both terminals share two security checkpoints, one in the West Hall leading to Airsides 1 and 3, and another in the East Atrium, leading to Airsides 2 and 4.

Airside 4 currently serves as the airport's primary international arrivals concourse, however Airside 1 also handles some international arrivals. Arriving international passengers who require immigration and/or customs clearance are processed through those checkpoints in the airside terminal where they arrive. After clearing US immigration, passengers collect their baggage and clear US customs. After clearing customs, international passengers must ride the people mover to the main terminal. Airside 4 provides escalator access directly from the customs hall to the people mover platform. This has eliminated the requirement for arriving international passengers to go through a security inspection between the customs area and the people mover, and as a result they now have the option of bringing their checked baggage with them on the people mover. Alternatively, passengers also have the option of placing their baggage on a transfer belt in the customs hall for transport to the main terminal's baggage claim. Only those passengers who are connecting to a flight in Airside 4 and airport employees, will need to go through security upon exiting customs.

The airport features a unique on-site Hyatt Regency hotel within the main terminal structure. The hotel is located on the East Atrium side of the terminal with a fourth floor lobby level and guest rooms beginning on level five and above. The airport features an expansive lobby area for guests awaiting flights, convention space, several bars, and two restaurants including a signature restaurant on the top level of the terminal building overlooking the airport facility and runways below.

Terminal A

Major carriers based in Terminal A include Southwest Airlines, JetBlue Airways, American Airlines, and several international carriers including Air Canada, TAM Brazilian Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, and Copa Airlines. The majority of international arrivals at Orlando International Airport are processed by Airside 4.

Airside 1

  • Gates 1-17 and 20-28
  • Secondary International Arrivals Concourse
  • Part of original terminal, Opened in 1981
  • Hub Concourse for JetBlue Airways.

Airside 2

Terminal B

Major carriers based in Terminal B include AirTran Airways, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, US Airways and major international carriers including Aer Lingus, British Airways and Lufthansa. Airside 4 serves as the airport's primary international arrivals concourse.

Airside 3

  • Gates 30-48 and 50-59
  • United Airlines United Club
  • Part of original terminal, opened in 1981

Airside 4

Notable services

Delta Airlines was the first commercial airline to offer 'jet' passenger service to MCO, with their DC-8 'fanjet' 'Royal Service' flights.

Eastern Airlines 'the wings of man', became the first 'official' airline of the Walt Disney World Resort, and sponsored an attraction in their 'Tomorrowland' called: 'If You Had Wings'. Later when Eastern closed Delta took the attraction over, it was called Dream FLight.

In the early 1970s Delta, National, and Eastern Airlines began their 'widebody' 'big jets' 'heavy' services to MCO. National with the DC-10-10 and -30 equipment. Delta (L-1011 'tristar') and Eastern Airlines (L-1011 'whisperjet') with the Lockheed, L-1011 jets.

Virgin Atlantic, with their Boeing 747 service to Orlando, is currently the largest aircraft type operator at the airport. The airline offers multiple daily flights into Orlando from the UK. During peak travel seasons, up to five Virgin 747s may be at Orlando's gates at a single time. British Airways also directly competes with Virgin on the London Gatwick route currently operating ten flights per week on Boeing 777s.[11]


Lufthansa opened a gate in Orlando on October 30, 2007, providing the first direct link between Orlando and a hub in continental Europe (in this case, Frankfurt, Germany) as part of a regional effort to diversify the local economy beyond tourism and meet growing demand for such route. As of late October 2009, Lufthansa expanded its five flights a week to daily flights between MCO and Frankfurt Airport on Airbus A330s and Airbus A340s, providing connections throughout Europe, expanding to a Boeing 747 in the winter.[12]

The Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner, landed at MCO on November 14, 2007 from Montreal. Orlando was one of the first airports in the world to be "Airbus A380 ready".

On June 7, 2011, Air France began service from Orlando to Paris-Charles De Gaulle using the Boeing 777-300ER.

On July 2, 2011, Edelweiss Air flying on behalf of Swiss International Airlines began weekly service from Orlando to Zurich Airport. The service operated on Saturdays only until mid-September.

Airlines and destinations

All International flights arrive at either Airside 1, 3 or 4. NOTE: See Current structure and function above for terminal details.

Airlines Destinations Airside
Aer Lingus Dublin 3
Aeroméxico Mexico City 1
Air Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax, Ottawa
1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 4
AirTran Airways Akron/Canton, Allentown, Aruba, Asheville [ends January 6, 2012], Atlanta, Baltimore, Bloomington/Normal [ends June 3, 2012], Branson (MO), Buffalo, Charleston (WV) [ends June 3, 2012], Charlotte, Chicago-Midway, Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth [ends November 21, 2011], Dayton, Detroit, Flint, Grand Rapids, Harrisburg, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Key West, Knoxville [ends June 3, 2012], Lexington, Milwaukee, Moline/Quad Cities [ends January 6, 2012], Montego Bay, New York-LaGuardia, Newport News/Williamsburg [ends March 9, 2012], Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, San Juan, Washington-National, White Plains
Seasonal: Boston, Minneapolis/St. Paul, San Antonio, Wichita
2
Air Transat Montreal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax [begins February 17, 2012], Ottawa [begins December 30, 2011], Winnipeg [begins December 23, 2011]
1
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma 1
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK 1
Avianca Bogotá 1
Bahamasair Nassau 3
British Airways London-Gatwick 4
CanJet Halifax, Montreal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Quebec City
1
Caribbean Airlines Kingston, Port of Spain 1
Continental Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark 3
Continental Connection operated by Gulfstream International Airlines Pensacola 3
Copa Airlines Panama City 1
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Detroit, Hartford/Springfield [ends January 3, 2012], Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Salt Lake City, Washington-National
Seasonal: Cancùn
4
Delta Connection operated by Atlantic Southeast Airlines Miami, Raleigh/Durham 4
Delta Connection operated by Comair Seasonal: Grand Rapids 4
Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines Washington-National 4
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zurich 1
Frontier Airlines Denver
Seasonal: Milwaukee[13]
3
Frontier Airlines operated by Republic Airlines Seasonal: Des Moines [Begins December 17], Kansas City [Begins January 5, 2012], Madison [Begins December 16, 2011], Milwaukee, Omaha 3
JetBlue Airways Aguadilla, Austin, Boston, Bogotá, Buffalo, Burlington, Cancún, Hartford/Springfield, Montego Bay, Nassau, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Newburgh, Ponce, Portland (ME), Richmond, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santo Domingo, Syracuse, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, White Plains 1
LAN Airlines Seasonal: Santiago de Chile [begins January 8, 2012] 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt 4
Southwest Airlines Albany, Albuquerque, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Buffalo, Chicago-Midway, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Denver, Detroit, Ft. Lauderdale, Ft. Myers, Greenville/Spartanburg, Hartford/Springfield, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Jackson, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Norfolk/Virginia Beach, Omaha, Panama City (FL), Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Providence, Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, San Antonio 2
Spirit Airlines Atlantic City, Chicago-O'Hare, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, San Juan 3
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Lansing
3
Sunwing Airlines Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Montreal-Trudeau
1


TACA Airlines San Salvador
Seasonal: Guatemala City
1
TAM Airlines São Paulo-Guarulhos 4
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 3
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Washington-National 3
US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines Washington-National 3
Virgin America Los Angeles, San Francisco 2
Virgin Atlantic Airways London-Gatwick, Manchester (UK)
Seasonal: Glasgow-International
4
VivaAerobus Monterrey 1
WestJet Toronto-Pearson, Calgary
Seasonal: Edmonton, Moncton, Halifax, Hamilton, London (ON), Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, St. John's, Winnipeg
1
Whitejets Seasonal: Sao Paulo-Guarulhos 1

Traffic and statistics

Busiest International Routes from Orlando (2009–2010) [14]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 665,350 British Airways, Virgin Atlantic
2 Flag of Canada.svg Toronto (Pearson), Canada 391,799 Air Canada, Air Transat, CanJet, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet
3 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester, United Kingdom 363,529 Virgin Atlantic
4 Flag of Panama.svg Panama City, Panama 193,206 Copa Airlines
5 Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany 159,638 Lufthansa
6 Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 140,947 TAM Airlines, Whitejets
7 Flag of Canada.svg Montréal (Trudeau), Canada 130,973 Air Canada, Air Transat, CanJet, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet
8 Flag of the Bahamas.svg Nassau, the Bahamas 129,130 Bahamasair, JetBlue
9 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City, Mexico 108,747 Aeroméxico
10 Flag of Colombia.svg Bogotá, Colombia 86,285 Avianca, JetBlue
Busiest Domestic Routes from Orlando (June 2010 - May 2011) [15]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Georgia (U.S. state) Atlanta, Georgia 1,294,000 AirTran, Delta
2 Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 729,000 AirTran, Southwest, US Airways
3 New York New York (JFK), New York 685,000 American, Delta, JetBlue
4 New Jersey Newark, New Jersey 671,000 Continental, JetBlue
5 Michigan Detroit, Michigan 541,000 AirTran, Delta, Southwest, Spirit
6 Texas Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 506,000 AirTran, American
7 Maryland Baltimore, Maryland 479,000 AirTran, Southwest
8 North Carolina Charlotte, North Carolina 461,000 AirTran, US Airways
9 Illinois Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois 440,000 American, United
10 Puerto Rico San Juan, Puerto Rico 439,000 AirTran, JetBlue, Spirit

Airline lounges

Terminal expansions and renovations

Airsides 1 and 3, the terminals opened in the early 1980s, are currently undergoing major renovations. The new terminal design will incorporate a new modern architecture and feature new skylights and expanded concession areas. In addition, the terminal will be re-installed with new mechanical and electrical systems. The project is expected to be complete in both terminals by 2010. Also, British Airways has announced that they will be opening a 'shared lounge' in Airside 4 sometime around the beginning of 2012.

Rental Car Quick Turnaround Facility

Two state of the art car rental facilities are currently under construction on both the north side Terminal A and south side Terminal B. Select car rental agencies currently operate on-site car rental pickup in the ground level of the main parking garages. The new facilities will relocate the car rental pickup process to the new facility and allow additional space for off-site agencies to relocate to the on-site airport facility.

New terminal

A fifth terminal has been in the planning, however, plans to build the South Terminal complex, which initially would be dedicated to international traffic, and possibly more runways on the south side of the property, were placed on hold during the recession immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks. However, the plans are still being considered by airport officials as soon as passenger traffic surpasses current terminal capacities. Airport officials have made it clear they will continue to expand and re-structure the existing terminals to postpone the necessity of having to build the expensive new terminal facility in the immediate future.

The large land area immediately south of the existing main terminal has been designated as the proposed new terminal area. The majority of the land is already cleared.

High Speed Train Station

As part of the Florida High Speed Rail project, the Orlando International Airport was planned to be the Orlando terminus of the initial Orlando-Tampa route along the Interstate 4 corridor. On February 16, 2011, Florida Governor Rick Scott formally announced that he would be rejecting federal funds to construct a high-speed railway project in the state, thereby killing the Florida High Speed Rail project. The airport had already invested considerably to accommodate the station, such as the extra length of the taxiway bridge over the southern access road.[16]

Incidents and mishaps involving MCO

  • On January 12, 2005, a Cessna 172 misunderstood ATC instructions and turned from base onto final approach for Runway 36R in front of a Southwest Airlines 737 inbound from New York, which was about 3 miles (4.8 km) out. After failing to contact the 172 pilot (it was later discovered that the 172 radio was not functioning) the controller instructed the Boeing 737 to make a missed approach and come back around to land on 18L. A possible accident was avoided.
  • On April 2, 1994, Continental Airlines Flight 1447, a Boeing 727-243, N59412, flying from Newark International Airport to Orlando was unable to extend its left main landing gear. After burning down to minimum fuel, the aircraft executed a partial gear up landing on Runway 18R. None of the 9 person crew or 141 passengers were injured in the mishap. The subsequent National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation revealed fatigue cracking in the left main landing gear door rib attachment fitting, the failure of which prevented the left main landing gear from fully extending.
  • On March 31, 1972, a 306th Bombardment Wing B-52D Stratofortress, Air Force Serial Number 56-0625, sustained multiple engine failures and an engine fire shortly after takeoff from McCoy AFB on a routine training mission. The aircraft was not carrying any weapons. The aircraft immediately attempted to return to the base, but crashed just short of Runway 18R in a residential area north of the airfield, destroying or damaging eight homes. The flight crew of 7 airmen and 1 civilian on the ground were killed.[17][18][19]
  • On October 27, 1962, a 4080th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing U-2 aircraft, Air Force Serial Number 56-6676, piloted by Major Rudolf Anderson, Jr., USAF departed McCoy AFB on a Cuban overflight photo reconnaissance mission during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Major Anderson's aircraft was subsequently engaged by a Soviet-manned SA-2 surface-to-air missile (SAM) site in the vicinity of Banes, Cuba. Hit by two of three missiles fired, the U-2 was shot down over Cuba, killing Major Anderson. A week following the shootdown, Major Anderson's remains were turned over to a United Nations representative and returned to the United States. Major Anderson became the first recipient of the Air Force Cross, the Air Force's second highest decoration for valor after the Medal of Honor, which was awarded to Major Anderson posthumously.[20]

Transportation

The Orlando International Airport provides various ground transportation options including public transit, private transportation, and car rental.

Lynx

Lynx, the local metro area public transportation system provides a sub-station at the airport with service to Downtown Orlando and other area routes.

Disney's Magical Express

A complimentary motor coach transportation service for guests staying at Walt Disney World resort hotels. The motor coach service is operated by Mears Transportation. Guests book advance reservations and receive a transportation packet with travel details and luggage tags prior to arrival at Orlando International. Checked luggage marked with the Disney luggage tags are retrieved by representatives of BAGS Incorporated and are transported to the guest's Disney resort.

Cruiseline transportation

Royal Caribbean International, Carnival Cruise Lines, Disney Cruise Line, SunCruz Casinos, Sterling Casinos and Mears Transportation all run scheduled buses from the airport to Port Canaveral for incoming cruise passengers. Access Line Transportation provides private service to Port Canaveral. [2] Cruisexpress provides a shared ride shuttle to Port Canaveral.

Other

The community of The Villages in Sumter, Lake, and Marion counties operates a shuttle between the community and Orlando International Airport. The shuttle stops at Lake Sumter Landing and Spanish Springs.[21]

In popular culture

Orlando International is featured in several scenes of the film Ernest Saves Christmas. During the climax an air traffic controller points out the title character on runway 27L. There is no runway 27L at the airport, but there is one at Orlando Sanford International Airport.

See also

References

  1. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for MCO (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2007-03-15
  2. ^ "ACI passenger figures in 2007". Aci.aero. 2011-08-01. http://www.aci.aero/cda/aci_common/display/main/aci_content07_c.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-5-54-55_666_2__. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  3. ^ United States. "Great Circle Mapper: MCO / KMCO - Orlando, Florida". Gc.kls2.com. http://gc.kls2.com/airport/MCO. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  4. ^ "Orlando International Airport slips to 13th nationally, 26th worldwide – Tourism Central Florida – Orlando Sentinel". Blogs.orlandosentinel.com. http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/business_tourism_aviation/2010/03/orlando-international-airport-slips-to-13th-nationally-26th-worldwide.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  5. ^ "Airports Council International". Airports.org. 2011-10-18. http://www.airports.org/cda/aci_common/display/main/aci_content07_c.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-5-212-218-224_666_2__. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  6. ^ Southwest Airlines is MCO's largest carrier [in terms of passenger traffic[dead link]
  7. ^ John Pike (2011-07-21). "Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/space/facility/sts-els.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  8. ^ JetBlue Airways Press Release: New Focus City At Orlando International Airport 2008-03-19
  9. ^ "Orlando Sentinel - Citing fuel costs, JetBlue scraps plans for worker lodge at OIA on Tourism Central Florida". Blogs.orlandosentinel.com. http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/business_tourism_aviation/2008/05/citing-fuel-cos.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  10. ^ Original Orlando Terminal Reduced To Rubble on AirportBusiness.com via Orlando Sentinel, written 2006-05-29, posted 2008-07-08, retrieved 2009-06-26
  11. ^ "Airline Biz Blog | The Dallas Morning News". Aviation.beloblog.com. http://aviation.beloblog.com/archives/2007/09/slots_for_heathrow.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  12. ^ "Area hopes for image upgrade in Lufthansa's new direct flights - Economic Policy, Walt Disney World Resort, Siemens". OrlandoSentinel.com. 2007-10-29. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/orl-frankfurt2907oct29,0,4467733.story. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  13. ^ Holtzclaw, Michael (2011-07-01). "Frontier Airlines will temporarily suspend flights out of Newport News". dailypress.com. http://www.dailypress.com/business/dp-nws-frontier-airlines-newport-news20110701,0,6147966.story. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  14. ^ "U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report". 2010. http://ostpxweb.dot.gov/aviation/usstatreport.htm. Retrieved 2011-04-16. 
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