The Baltimore Sun


The Baltimore Sun

Infobox Newspaper
name = The Baltimore Sun


caption = The October 20, 2006 front page of "The Sun"
type = Daily newspaper
format = Broadsheet
foundation = 1837
owners = Tribune Company
headquarters = 501 North Calvert Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21278
USA
editor =
publisher = Timothy E Ryan
circulation = 232,360 Daily
372,970 Sunday [cite web |url=http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003795106 |title=New FAS-FAX: Steep Decline at 'NYT' While 'WSJ' Gains |last=Saba |first=Jennifer |date=2008-04-28 |work=Editor & Publisher |publisher=Nielsen Business Media, Inc]
ISSN = 1930-8965
website = [http://www.baltimoresun.com/ baltimoresun.com]

"The Baltimore Sun" (officially, just "The Sun") is Maryland’s largest general circulation daily newspaper and provides comprehensive coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries. [cite web|url=http://library.dialog.com/bluesheets/html/bl0714.html|title=(Baltimore) The Sun|publisher=Thomson Reuters|accessdate=2008-05-28] The Sun was founded on May 17, 1837, by printer Arunah Shepherdson Abell and two associates. The Abell family owned the paper through 1910, when the Black family gained a controlling interest. The paper was sold in 1986 to the Times-Mirror Company of Los Angeles. The same week, the rival "Baltimore News American", owned by the Hearst Corporation, announced it would fold. The Sun, like most legacy newspapers in the United States, has suffered a number of setbacks of late, including a decline in readership, a shrinking newsroom, and competition from a new free daily, "The Baltimore Examiner". [cite web | title=Examiner Plans Baltimore Edition |publisher="The Washington Post" |url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/17/AR2005101701561.html |format=HTML |accessdate=2007-06-25 |date=2007-10-18] In 2000, the Times-Mirror company was purchased by the Tribune Company, of Chicago. On September 19, 2005, "The Sun" introduced a new layout design.

It is frequently referred to as "The Baltimore Sun" to distinguish it from other newspapers of the same name. Its daily edition has a circulation (2007) of 232,000.

Editions

Although there is now only a morning edition, for many years there were two distinct newspapers--"The Sun" in the morning and "The Evening Sun" in the afternoon--each with its own reporting and editorial staff. The "Evening Sun" was first published in 1910. In keeping with the nationwide shutdown of p.m. dailies, "The Evening Sun" ceased publication on September 15, 1995.

Daily

The Baltimore Sun's daily sections include News, Opinion (editorial), Books, Business, Entertainment, Sports and Travel pages. [cite web|url=http://www.mondonewspapers.com/newspaper/baltimore-sun.html|title=Baltimore Sun - The #31 Newspaper in the USA|publisher= Mondo Code |accessdate=2008-05-28] The News is covered with two sections with national news on the front page and throughout section "A" and local news on the front page of section "B". Section "B" usually includes obituaries and death notices as well. The Opinion page is usually at the end, or "back page" of the newspapers first section.

unday

The "Sunday Sun" for many years was noted for a locally-produced rotogravure Maryland pictorial magazine section, featuring works by such acclaimed photographers as A. Aubrey Bodine. The "Sunday Sun" eventually dropped the Maryland magazine and now carries "Parade" magazine in its place.

Writers

Among writers, editors and cartoonists of prominence on the staff of the Sun papers: Russell Baker, John Carroll, Turner Catledge, Price Day, Edmund Duffy, J. Fred Essary, Thomas Flannery, Jack Germond, Gerald W. Johnson, Kevin P. Kallaugher, Frank R. Kent, William Manchester, H.L. Mencken, Hamilton Owens, Drew Pearson, Louis Rukeyser, David Simon, Raymond S. Tompkins, Paul W. Ward, Mark Watson, Jules Witcover, and Richard Q. Yardley. The paper has won 15 Pulitzer Prizes.

Facilities

The first issue of "The Sun", a four page tabloid, was printed at 21 Light Street in downtown Baltimore in the mid 1830s. A five-story structure, at the corner of Baltimore and South streets was built in 1851. The "Iron Building" was destroyed in the Baltimore fire of 1904. In 1906, operations were moved to Charles and Baltimore streets where the Sun was written, published and distributed for nearly 50 years. In 1950, the operation was moved to a larger, modern plant at Calvert and Centre streets. In 1979, ground was broken for a new addition to the Calvert Street plant to house modern pressroom facilities. The new facility commenced operations in 1981. In April 1988, at a cost of $180 million, the Company purchased 60 acres of land at Port Covington, Baltimore and built Sun Park. The new building houses a satellite printing and packaging facility, as well as the distribution operation. [cite web|url=http://www.baltimoresun.com/about/bal-about-baltsun,0,2763999.htmlstory|title=About The Baltimore Sun|publisher=baltimoresun.com|accessdate=2008-05-28] The Sun's printing facility at Sun Park has highly sophisticated, computerized presses, automated inserting equipment in the packaging area to keep pace with the speed of the presses and Automated Guided Vehicles; "intelligent" electronic forklifts that deliver the newsprint to the presses.

Controversy

*The paper became embroiled in a controversy involving the former governor of Maryland, Robert L. Ehrlich Jr. (R). Ehrlich had issued an executive order on November 18, 2004 banning state executive branch employees from talking to "Sun" columnist Michael Olesker and reporter David Nitkin, claiming that their coverage had been unfair to the administration. This led "The Sun" to file a First Amendment lawsuit against the Ehrlich administration. The case was dismissed by a U.S. District Court judge, and "The Sun" appealed to the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which upheld the dismissal. [ [http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion/oped/bal-md.circuit16feb16,0,1938753.story Baltimore Sun, "Court Favors Ehrlich on Ban", Feb. 16, 2006]

*The same Olesker was forced to resign on January 4, 2006, after being accused of plagiarism. The "Baltimore City Paper" reported that several of his columns contained sentences or paragraphs that were extremely similar (although not identical) to material previously published in "The Washington Post", "The New York Times", and "The Sun". [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01/04/AR2006010402179.html The Washington Post, "Sun Columnist Dismissed; Attribution Issues Cited", Jan. 5, 2006] ] Several of his colleagues both in and out of the paper were highly critical of the forced resignation, taking the view that the use of previously-published boilerplate material was common newsroom practice, and Olesker's alleged plagiarism was in line with that practice. [ [http://www.citypaper.com/news/story.asp?id=11362 Baltimore City Paper, "On Background", Jan. 18, 2006] ]

References

External links

* [http://www.baltimoresun.com/ www.baltimoresun.com]


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