Antoine Gizenga


Antoine Gizenga

Infobox Prime Minister
name = Antoine Gizenga


order = Prime Minister of the Congo-Kinshasa
president = Joseph Kabila
term_start = 30 December 2006
term_end = 10 October 2008
predecessor = Likulia Bolongo
successor = Adolphe Muzito
birth_date = birth date and age|1925|10|05|df=y
party = PALU

Antoine Gizenga (born 5 October 1925) is a Congolese (DRC) politician who was Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from December 30, 2006Joe Bavier, [http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L30447160.htm "Congo names opposition veteran, 81, prime minister"] , "Reuters", December 30, 2006.] to 10 October 2008. [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hIqIC0SJv-9FFXSMeyzUc-ET6f-w "DR Congo president names new prime minister: report"] , AFP, 10 October 2008.]

Following independence, Gizenga served as Deputy Prime Minister (1960, 1961–62) as well as Prime Minister (1960-1961) and Head of State (1961) in rebellion. His government at Stanleyville was recognized by 21 African, Asian and Eastern European countries in February 1961. He was imprisoned from January 1962 to July 1964 and again from October 1964 to November 1965. He was exiled from 1965 to 1992.

Gizenga bases his platform and political policies on those of Patrice Lumumba, Prime Minister at the time of independencecite web | title = Profile: Congo opposition candidates| work=BBC News Online |url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/5199518.stm| accessdate = July 30| accessyear = 2006 ] for whom he served as Deputy Prime Minister and after Lumumba's murder as head of the rebel government. He was the presidential candidate of the Unified Lumumbist Party ("Parti Lumumbiste Unifié", PALU) in the July 2006 election. According to the provisional election results of 20 August, Gizenga came in third place with 13.06 percent of the vote, after Joseph Kabila and Jean-Pierre Bemba.cite web | title = Kabila gets 44.8 pct in Congo poll, goes to run-off| publisher = Reuters|url = http://today.reuters.com/News/CrisesArticle.aspx?storyId=L2019682| accessdate = August 20| accessyear = 2006 ] On September 30, 2006, Gizenga signed a coalition agreement with the AMP, Kabila's platform, whereby he would back Kabila in the second round of the presidential election in October 2006, in exchange for the premiership. Kabila won the election and was sworn in as President on December 6, 2006. He subsequently appointed Gizenga as Informant, a position that involves identifying a parliamentary majority so that a government can be formed, [Kari Barber, [http://www.voanews.com/english/2006-12-21-voa22.cfm "Congo President Begins Forming New Government"] , VOA News, December 21, 2006.] and then appointed Gizenga as Prime Minister on December 30, 2006. Gizenga's new government, with 59 members (excluding himself), was appointed and announced on February 5, 2007. [ [http://www.apanews.net/spip.php?page=show_article&id_article=20510 "La composition du nouveau gouvernement de la RDC connue"] , "African Press Agency", February 5, 2007 fr icon.] [ [http://www.afrik.com/article11161.html "Le nouveau gouvernement de la République Démocratique du Congo est constitué"] , Afrik.com, 6 February 2007 fr icon.] A new government under Gizenga was announced on November 25, 2007, with its size reduced to 44 ministers. [ [http://www.afriquenligne.fr/actualites/politique/rd-congo%3a-liste-du-nouveau-gouvernement-congolais-2007112612205/ "RD Congo: Liste du nouveau gouvernement congolais"] , Panapress (Afriquenligne.fr), November 26, 2007 fr icon.]

On September 25, 2008, Gizenga submitted his resignation as Prime Minister to Kabila. Later in the day he announced this on television, saying that he decided to resign due to his advanced age. According to Gizenga, he felt unable to continue in office: "For every man, even if you are sane and alert, your body has limits which you have to recognise". [ [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5irbGNjebrRZzDBLlb1tjykNZfcwg "DR Congo's prime minister, 83, quits citing old age"] , AFP, September 25, 2008.] He had not received at response from Kabila at that point. Reacting to the news, the opposition Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) said that Gizenga's "resignation constitutes an admission of failure and negligence from a government which, after nearly two years, left the country in a general state of crisis". The MLC disputed Gizenga's statement that his resignation was related to age and health. [ [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5isDuYDarXpGCbFvsGjYL0Ju_wl7w "Gizenga's resignation 'an admission of failure': opposition"] , AFP, September 26, 2008.] Kabila reportedly "officially acknowledged" Gizenga's resignation in a letter sent to Gizenga on September 28. [ [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hm-G5Y2_AHnSlaewdJcMwqK2trVw "DR Congo president 'acknowledges' PM's resignation"] , AFP, September 29, 2008.] The governing coalition, the Alliance for the Presidential Majority, remained in place after Gizenga's resignation, and negotiations were held regarding the selection of a successor to Gizenga. [Franz Wild, [http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601116&sid=arviVWGdowtM&refer=africa "Congo Coalition to Stay After Premier's Departure (Update1)"] , Bloomberg.com, September 30, 2008.]

His successor, Adolphe Muzito, was appointed by Kabila on 10 October 2008; Muzito is also a member of PALU and was Minister of the Budget in Gizenga's government.

ee also

* Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
* List of Prime ministers of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
* Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
* Politics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

References


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