- Supply chain security
Supply chain security refers to efforts to enhance the security of the
supply chain: the transport and logistics system for the world's cargo. It combines traditional practices of supply chain managementwith the security requirements of the system, which are driven by threats such as terrorism, piracy, and theft. Typical supply chain security activities include:
* Credentialing of participants in the supply chain.
* Screening and validating of the contents of cargo being shipped.
* Advance notification of the contents to the destination country.
* Ensuring the security of cargo while in-transit via the use of locks and tamper-proof seals.
* Inspecting cargo on entry.
There are number of supply chain security initiatives in the United States and around the world today. These include:
Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism(C-TPAT), a voluntary compliance program for companies to improve the security of their corporate supply chains.
Authorized Economic Operatoras part of the World Customs OrganizationSAFE framework of standards
Container Security Initiative, a program led by U.S. Customs and Border Protectionin the Department of Homeland Securityfocused on screening containers at foreign ports.
* Efforts for countries around the world to implement and enforce the
International Ship and Port Facility Security Code(ISPS Code), an agreement of 148 countries that are members of the International Maritime Organization(IMO).
* Pilot initiatives by companies in the private sector to track and monitor the integrity of
cargo containersmoving around the world using technologies such as RFIDand GPS.
International Organization for Standardizationhave released a series of Standards for the establishment and management of supply chain security. ISO 28000:2007 - Specification for security management systems for the supply chain, offers public and private enterprise an international high-level management standard that enables organisations to utilise a globally consistent management approach to applying supply chain security initiatives.
Container Security Initiative
Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism
Supply Chain Management
Authorized Economic Operator
* [http://www.imo.org/Newsroom/mainframe.asp?topic_id=897 IMO FAQ on the ISPS Code]
* [http://web.mit.edu/scresponse/ MIT Project on Supply Chain Response to Terrorism]
* [http://web.mit.edu/scresponse/repository/rice_tenney_SCS_RMM_june-july_2007.pdf Supply Chain Risk Management Maturity Model]
* [http://www.stanford.edu/group/scforum/ Stanford Global Supply Chain Management Forum]
* [http://www.tradefacilitation.co.uk/content/view/32/46/ Supply chain security: adding to a complex operational and institutional environment, A Grainger (2007)]
* [http://www.worldcustomsjournal.org/index.php?resource=17 World Customs Journal: special issue on supply chain security]
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