- 1901 in Australia
Infobox Australian year
year = 1901
monarch = Queen Victoria, then Edward VII
governor-general = John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun
population = 3,788,123
elections = Federal, New South Wales, Western Australia
1900 in Australia,
other events of 1901,
1902 in Australiaand the Timeline of Australian history.
*Premier of New South Wales –
William Lyne(until March 28), then John See
*Premier of South Australia –
Frederick Holder(until 15 May), then John Jenkins
*Premier of Queensland –
*Premier of Tasmania –
Premier of Western Australia– Sir John Forrest (until 15 February), George Throssell(until 27 May), George Leake(until 21 November), Alf Morgans(until 23 December), then George Leake
*Premier of Victoria – Sir George Turner (until
12 February), then Alexander Peacock
Governor of New South Wales– William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp(until 30 April)
Governor of Victoria– George Clarke (from 10 December)
Governor of Queensland– Charles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington(until 19 December)
Governor of South Australia– Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson
Governor of Western Australia– Arthur Lawley
Governor of Tasmania– Arthur Havelock(from 8 November)
January 1– The Constitution of Australiacomes into force, as the federation of Australiais complete. John Adrian Louis Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, is appointed as the first Governor-General, and Edmund Bartonas the first Prime Minister.
March 1– Following federation naval and military forces of the States are transferred to Commonwealth control.
March 29– The first federal election is held to elect the first members of the House of Representatives and the first members of the Senate.
March 31– A national census is held, which indicates the population of Australia is 3,773,801 (excluding Indigenous Australians).
May 9– The Parliament of Australiais opened in the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne.
May 22– The foundation stone for St John's Cathedral, Brisbaneis laid by the Duke of Cornwall and York. the church celebrated 100 years of construction in 2006 and is only gothic-style stone building under construction anywhere in the world.
September 3– The Flag of Australiaand Australian Red Ensignare adopted by the Government of Australiaas official flags, following a national design competition.
December 21- Construction begins on the rabbit-proof fence.
December 23– The " Immigration Restriction Act 1901" comes into force, instituting the White Australia Policy.
March 27– Kenneth Slessor(d. 1971), poet
September 25– Gordon Coventry(d. 1968), Australian rules footballer who played for Collingwood
January 10– Sir James Dickson (b. 1832), Premier of Queensland and Federal Minister for Defence
June 20– Alexander Forrest(b. 1849), explorer, surveyor and politician
August 8– William Groom(b. 1833), publican, newspaper proprietor and member of parliament
November 30– Edward John Eyre(b. 1815), explorer
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