Andrews Air Force Base


Andrews Air Force Base

Infobox Airport
name = Andrews Air Force Base
nativename = Air Force District of Washington (AFDW)


image-width = 250
caption = USGS aerial photo as of 10 April 1988
IATA = ADW
ICAO = KADW
FAA = ADW
type = Miliary: Air Force Base
owner = United States Air Force
location = Camp Springs, Maryland
built = 1945
used = 1945-Present
commander = Col. [http://www.andrews.af.mil/library/biographies/bio.asp?id=11583 Steven M. Shepro]
occupants =

316th Wing
113th Wing (DCANG)
• 457th Airlift Squadron
459th Air Refueling Wing (AFRC)
• 744th Communications Squadron
79th Medical Wing
89th Airlift Wing
Air Force District of Washington
Air Force Office of Special Investigations
Air National Guard Readiness Center
• Army Jet Detachment
Civil Air Patrol - Andrews Composite Squadron
District of Columbia Air National Guard
Federal Aviation Administration
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 321 (USMCR)
• National Guard Bureau
• Naval Air Facility Washington D.C.
• Naval Communications Security Material Systems

elevation-f = 280
elevation-m = 85
coordinates = coord|38|48|39|N|076|52|01|W|type:airport_region:US
website = [http://www.andrews.af.mil/ www.andrews.af.mil]
r1-number = 01L/19R
r1-length-f = 9,300
r1-length-m = 2,835
r1-surface = Concrete
r2-number = 01R/19L
r2-length-f = 9,755
r2-length-m = 2,973
r2-surface = Asphalt/Concrete
footnotes = Sources: official site [ [http://www.andrews.af.mil/ Andrews Air Force Base] , official site] and FAAFAA-airport|ID=ADW|use=PR|own=MA|site=08484.*A, effective 2007-10-25]

Andrews Air Force Base Airport codes|ADW|KADW|ADW is a United States Air Force base in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. Located near Washington, D.C., it is the home base of the U.S. presidential aircraft, "Air Force One". Part of the base is a CDP, which had a population of 7,925 at the 2000 census.

The host unit is the 316th Wing, composed of an operations group and a mission support group.

The 4,320-acre base hosts more than 20,000 active duty military people, civilian employees and family members. Andrews' current mission is that of emergency reaction and contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and support for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces.

History

Originally known as Camp Springs Army Air Base, the base was renamed to Andrews Field in 1945 after Frank Maxwell Andrews, a pivotal figure in the development of the United States Air Force, who had died in an airplane accident in 1943.

In 1962, Bolling Air Force Base and Naval Air Station Anacostia ceased fixed-wing flight operations due to congestion at nearby National Airport, and these operations and assets were transferred to Andrews.

In addition to the 316 WG as host wing, additional tenants include the 89th Airlift Wing (89 AW) of the Air Mobility Command (AMC); the 459th Air Refueling Wing (459 ARW), an AMC-gained unit of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC); the 113th Wing (113 WG) of the District of Columbia Air National Guard (ANG), which contains both Air Combat Command (ACC)-gained and AMC-gained Air National Guard assets; and multiple flying squadrons and tenant units of Naval Air Facility Washington.

Geography

Andrews Air Force Base is located at coor dms|38|48|13|N|76|52|17|W|city (38.803490, -76.871508),GR|1 a few miles southeast of Washington, D.C. near the town of Morningside. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 sq mi (17.7 km²), all land. There are two runways on the base; the western runway is 11,300 ft (3,440 m) in length, and the eastern runway is 11,700 ft (3,570 m) in length.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 7,925 people, 1,932 households, and 1,864 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,158.9 people per square mile (447.3/km²). There were 2,133 housing units at an average density of 311.9 sq mi (120.4/km²). The racial makeup of the base was 65.30% White, 22.78% African American, 0.64% Native American, 3.17% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 4.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.72% of the population.

There were 1,932 households out of which 75.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 86.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3.5% were non-families. 3.2% of all households were made up of individuals, none of whom was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the CDP the population is spread out with 35.0% under the age of 18, 16.3% from 18 to 24, 44.9% from 25 to 44, 3.6% from 45 to 64, and 0.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 119.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.0 males.

The median income for a household in the base was $44,310, and the median income for a family was $42,866. Males had a median income of $27,070 versus $27,308 for females. The per capita income for the base was $16,520. About 2.6% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including of the total population, 2.8% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

Aircraft

* C-20B/D (89th Airlift Wing, Army Jet Detachment and Naval Air Facility)
* C-21 (457th Airlift Squadron)
* C-32A (89th Airlift Wing)
* C-37A/B (89th Airlift Wing, Army Jet Detachment and Naval Air Facility)
* C-38 (113th Wing, D.C. Air National Guard)
* C-40B/C (89th Airlift Wing/113th Wing, D.C. Air National Guard)
* C-130 Hercules (Naval Air Facility)
* EA-6B Prowler (Naval Air Facility)
* F-16 Fighting Falcon (113th Wing, D.C. Air National Guard)
* KC-135R Stratotanker (459th Air Refueling Wing)
* UC-12 Huron (Naval Air Facility and VMR, Det Andrews)
* UC-35 (Army Jet Det, Naval Air Facility and VMR, Det Andrews)
* UH-1N, (316th Wing)
* VC-25A, Air Force One (89th Airlift Wing)

Popular culture

* In the film "Independence Day", Air Force One narrowly escapes destruction as Washington DC and the airbase are engulfed in flame from an alien attack.

* In the film "The Kingdom", A FBI team departs from Andrews AFB to investigate a car bombing in Saudi Arabia.

ee also

* Maryland World War II Army Airfields
* Eastern Air Defense Force (Air Defense Command)

References

External links

* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/andrews.htm Andrews Air Force Base] at GlobalSecurity.org
* [http://www.afdw.af.mil/ Air Force District of Washington] (AFDW)
* [http://www.mccullagh.org/db9/1ds2-4/andrews-air-force-base.jpgAerial photograph of runway configuration]
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