Pan-African colours

Pan-African colours

Two different sets of three colours are referred to as the Pan-African colours: the green, gold, and red first used in the flag of Ethiopia; (Ghana was the first country to adopt the pan-African colours) and the red, black, and green adopted by the American-based Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA). As such, they are used in flags and other emblems to represent Pan-Africanism, African identity, or blacks as a race, though some flags (e.g., that of Lithuania) use these colors for unrelated reasons.

Pan-African colors are black, red, gold and green. Black is a color of skin of African people, red represents noble blood of black people which is spilled in the occupation of Africa, gold color represents gold and riches which is taken from African people and the green represents the vegetation of Ethiopia, the promised land.

The Ethiopian colours

Green, gold, and red are now found on the national flags of many African nations. They originate in Ethiopia; from where they also have relevance for the Rastafari movement. They were used on many ancient African flags, most notably in the bloom on the flag of Granada, the Moorish state in Spain. The colours appear most prominently on the 1798 flag of Ethiopia, with the green at the bottom; however, they were accidentally flown upside-down on a state ceremony and the tradition was adopted by the Ethiopian government and by several African states, as well as by Pan-Africanist organisations around the world.Fact|date=August 2007 It is now common to see these flags with green on top (or in front) of gold, and red at the bottom (or at the trailing edge) of the flag,

Except for a brief period of occupation by Italy under the Fascists, Ethiopia remained outside European control during the colonial era, and was therefore admired by many newly-independent African states. The adoption of the Ethiopian national colours was a consequence of this. The first African state to adopt a red, gold and green flag upon independence was Ghana in 1957.

The UNIA colours

The UNIA constitution defines red, black, and green as the Pan-African colours: "red representing the noble blood that unites all people of African ancestry, the colour black for the people, green for the rich land of Africa."Fact|date=August 2007 The UNIA flag was designated the official colours of the African Race by the UNIA at its convention in Madison Square Garden on August 13, 1920 in New York City.

Current flags with the colours

The following are countries that combine three or four of red, black, green, and yellow in their flags as representative of their African identity.


Former flags with the colours

Only countries whose flags currently do not use Pan-African colours are included in this gallery.

Former nations


*Znamierowski, Alfred (2001). "The World Encyclopedia of Flags." London: Anness Publishing Ltd.

ee also

*United States of Africa
*Pan-Slavic colours
*Pan-Arab colours
*Nordic Cross Flag
*Gallery of flags by design
*Pan-African flag

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Pan-African Film Festival — Established in 1992, The Pan African Film Festival (PAFF) is a non profit corporation dedicated to the promotion of cultural and racial tolerance and understanding through the exhibition of film, art and creative expression.[1] PAFF s stated goal …   Wikipedia

  • Pan-African flag — The Pan African flag, also referred to as the UNIA flag, Afro American flag or Black Liberation Flag, is a tri color flag consisting of three equal horizontal bands colored red, black and green. It was originally created as the official banner of …   Wikipedia

  • African Union — الاتحاد الأفريقي (Arabic) …   Wikipedia

  • African diaspora — The African diaspora was the movement of Africans and their descendants to places throughout the world predominantly to the Americas also to Europe, the Middle East and other places around the globe.[1][2][3] The term has been historically… …   Wikipedia

  • Pan-Slavic colors — The Pan Slavic colors, red, blue and white, are colors used on the flags of some Slavic peoples and states in which the majority of inhabitants possess a Slavic background. Their use symbolizes the common origin of the Slavic peoples. Originally …   Wikipedia

  • African National Congress — ANC redirects here. For other uses, see ANC (disambiguation). Tripartite Alliance redirects here. For the envisioned Anglo French Soviet alliance of 1939, see Tripartite military talks. For defunct political party in Trinidad and Tobago, see… …   Wikipedia

  • Organisation of African Unity — Organization of African Unity Organization de l Unité Africaine International organization 1963–2002 …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of the African Union — The flag of the African Union is composed of a broad green horizontal stripe at the top followed by a narrow band of gold. Below is a broad white stripe bearing the Emblem of the African Union at its center followed by a narrow gold band and… …   Wikipedia

  • National colours — are frequently part of a country s set of national symbols. Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official national colours while others have de facto national colours that have become well known through popular… …   Wikipedia

  • art, African — ▪ visual arts Introduction       the visual arts of native Africa, particularly sub Saharan Africa, including such media as sculpture, painting, pottery, rock art, textiles, masks, personal decoration, and jewelry.       For more general… …   Universalium

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»