- St. Rose Priory
St. Rose Priory, a
Dominican Order monastery, was the location of the first Catholic educational institution west of the Allegheny Mountains.
The land for the priory was purchased by (then) Father Edward Dominic Fenwick, O.P. (later Bishop) in July 1806 with money received from an inheritance. He bought an existing farm west of
Springfield, Kentucky. Construction began shortly thereafter, including a church, residence halls, and college. The college was begun in 1808 but the building was not finished until 1812. It was named Saint Thomas College, after St. Thomas Aquinas. Among its many famous students was Jefferson Davis, the future president of the Confederacy during the Civil War.
The church was named for St. Rose. Though not designated a cathedral, the church served in the role of a cathedral until the
Basilica of Saint Joseph Proto-Cathedralcould be built in nearby Bardstown, Kentucky. The church is in a stone Tudor-Gothic style architecture and includes an octagonal tower. The Bardstown diocese was the first diocese west of the Allegheny mountains, with its first and only bishop, Benedict Joseph Flagetas spiritual leader of that diocese. Though not the first Catholic church building in Kentucky (this honor belonged to St. Ann in nearby Springfield, a log cabin church) the church was the first brick church in Kentucky. It is sometimes referred to as a "proto-priory".
A convent was added about
1822, an order of the Dominicans. Later this convent moved to another location in Washington County, Kentuckyand founded Saint Catharine College.
Although Saint Thomas of Aquin College closed in
1828, the priory continued, including an education role as a seminary, novitiate, elementary and higher educational levels.
The present church of St. Rose was erected in 1854. Part of the original brick church of 1809 was preserved and is now the
Eucharistic Chapel. The brick was covered with a cement mixture to blend with the limestone of the newer church.
The original St. Rose church remains, though much of the old priory buildings (including the college and old novitiate) were torn down in
1978. The grounds also include one of the original cemeteries in Washington County, Kentucky. Some graves date to the early 1800's.
* [http://www.op-stjoseph.org/dominican/st-rose/history.htm/ History of St. Rose Priory]
* "Washington County, Kentucky, Bicentennial History, 1792-1992, published by Turner Publishing Company, copyright 1991 (ISBN 1-56311-014-8) Library of Congress Catalog No 90-071724"
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