Princess Caroline of Great Britain


Princess Caroline of Great Britain

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Princess Caroline"The London Gazette" (i.e. those [http://www.londongazette.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9753 on] and [http://www.londongazette.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9752 after] her death) refers to her as only Princess Caroline]


imgw =150
titles ="HRH" The Princess Caroline
"HRH" Princess Caroline
"HSH" Princess Caroline of Hanover
royal house =House of Hanover
father =George II
mother =Caroline of Ansbach
date of birth =birth date|1713|5|30|df=y
place of birth =Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover
date of christening=1 June 1713
place of christening=Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover
date of death =Death date and age|1757|12|27|1713|5|20|df=yes
place of death =St. James's Palace, London
place of burial =Westminster Abbey, London|

The Princess Caroline (Caroline Elizabeth; 30 May 171328 December 1757) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth child and third daughter of George II.

Early life

Princess Caroline was born in Hanover, Germany. Her father was The Hereditary Prince of Hanover, the eldest son of The Elector of Hanover . Her mother was Caroline of Ansbach, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach. As a granddaughter of the Elector of Hanover, she was styled "HSH" Princess Caroline of Hanover at birth, rather than of Cambridge, the designation available to her through her father's British royal dukedom. Under the Act of Settlement 1701, she was 7th in the line of succession to the British throne. She was baptised, the day after her birth, at Herrenhausen Palace. [ [http://users.uniserve.com/~canyon/christenings.htm#Christenings Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings] ]

Great Britain

In 1714, Queen Anne died, and Caroline's grandfather became George I and her father Prince of Wales. Caroline moved with her parents to Great Britain, and resided at St James's Palace, London. She was now styled as a Princess of Great Britain, and was known as "HRH" Princess Caroline, and later "HRH" The Princess Caroline when her father succeeded as George II in 1727.

Later life

Princess Caroline died, unmarried and childless, on 28 December 1757, aged 44, at St James's Palace. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*30 May 171327 September 1714: "Her Serene Highness" Princess Caroline of Hanover
*27 September 171411 June 1727: "Her Royal Highness" Princess Caroline
*11 June 172728 December 1757: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess Caroline

Arms

On 31 January 1719, as a grandchild of the sovereign, Caroline was granted use of the arms of the realm, differenced by a "label argent of five points, each bearing three roses gules". On 30 August 1727, as a child of the sovereign, Caroline's difference changed to a "label argent of three points, each bearing three roses gules". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]

Ancestors

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1= 1. Princess Caroline of Great Britain
2= 2. George II of Great Britain
3= 3. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
4= 4. George I of Great Britain
5= 5. Sophia Dorothea of Celle
6= 6. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
7= 7. Princess Eleanor Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach
8= 8. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
9= 9. Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine
10= 10. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11= 11. Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse
12= 12. Albert, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
13= 13. Princess Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen
14= 14. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
15= 15. Princess Johanetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
16= 16. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17= 17. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
18= 18. Frederick V, Elector Palatine
19= 19. Princess Elizabeth Stuart of Scotland
20= 20. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (= 16)
21= 21. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 17)
22= 22. Alexander II d'Olbreuse
23= 23. Jacquette Poussard de Vendre
24= 24. Joachim Ernest, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
25= 25. Countess Sofie of Solms-Laubach
26= 26. Joachim Ernest, Count of Oettingen
27= 27. Countess Anna Sibylle of Solms-Sonnenwald
28= 28. William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
29= 29. Princess Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
30= 30. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein
31= 31. Countess Luise Juliane of Erbach

ee also

*List of British princesses
*House of Hanover

References


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