Radio Row


Radio Row

The phrase Radio Row is a nickname for an urban street or district specializing in the sale of radio and electronic equipment and parts. Radio Rows arose in many cities with the 1920s rise of broadcasting and declined after mid century when equipment became transistorized.

New York

New York's Radio Row (1921-1966) was a warehouse district on the Lower West Side of Manhattan, New York City. Radio Row was born in 1921 when Harry Schneck opened City Radio on Cortlandt Street. Radio Row died in 1966 when it was torn down to make room for the World Trade Center. [cite web|url=http://www.npr.org/programs/lnfsound/stories/020603.radiorow.html|title='Radio Row:' The neighborhood before the World Trade Center|accessdate=2006-10-01|date=2002-06-03|publisher=National Public Radio] It held several blocks of electronics stores, which spread out both ways from a central axis along Cortlandt Street. The used radios, war surplus electronics (e.g. ARC-5 radios), junk and parts was piled so high that it would spill out onto the street. It was a scrounger's paradise. According to a business writer, it was also the origin of the electronic component distribution business. [cite book|title=Ruthless Execution: What Business Leaders Do When Their Companies Hit the Wall|first=Amir|last=Hartman|publisher=Financial Times Prentice Hall|year=2004|id=ISBN 0-13-101884-1, [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0131018841&id=hlmssVxlUUgC&pg=RA63-PA167&lpg=RA63-PA167&sig=Ggo8KPh1PnE9-5UuWOpDfAGMAwQ p. 167] "The electronic component distribution business started in the 1920s and 1930s, selling radio tubes on lower Manhattan's Cortland [sic] St...."]

"The New York Times" made an early reference to "Radio Row" in 1927, when Cortlandt Street celebrated a "Radio Jubilee." The "Times" reported that "Today... Cortlandt Street is 'Radio Row,' while Broadway is just a thoroughfare." The street was closed and decorated with flags and bunting, and the Times reported plans for New York's acting mayor Joseph V. McKee to present a "key to Cortland Street" to the then-reigning Miss New York, Frieda Louise Mierse, while a contest was held to name a "Miss Downtown Radio." ["'Radio Row' Begins Its Jubilee Today," "The New York Times," September 6, 1927, p. 34]

Meyer Berger recalled that, as a child, "On Saturday mornings, I used to venture from Brooklyn with my father to Radio Row on Cortlandt Street in Lower Manhattan, where he and hundreds of other New York men moved from stall to stall in search of the elusive tube that would make the radio work again. Later, my brothers went there with him in search of television components. Radio Row was a piece of all our interior maps." [cite book|title=Meyer Berger's New York|first=Meyer|last=Berger|publisher=Fordham University Press|year=2004|id=ISBN 0-8232-2328-0 [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0823223280&id=sB3XmgaobSIC&pg=PR11&lpg=PR11&sig=_ii9VByQ6Id1KMBg6IZO7hs3xjY p. 11] ]

In 1930, the "Times" described Radio Row as located on Greenwich Street "where Cortlandt Street intersects it and the Ninth Avenue Elevated forms a canopy over the roadway.... The largest concentration is in the block bounded by Day Street on the north and Cortlandt on the south, but Radio Row does not stop there; it overflows around the corner, around several corners, embracing in all some five crowded blocks." It estimates 40 or 50 stores in the vicinity, "all going full blast at the same time. There may be regulations prohibiting this vociferous practice, but if the radio dealers have anything to say it about it, it will never have the slightest effect along Radio Row.... The clamor is heard even as one walks through the subway tunnel to the street exit.... The first impression, and in fact the only one, is auditory, a reverberating bedlam, a confusion of sounds which only an army of loudspeakers could produce." It notes, in addition to merchants selling radio sets, "others display mostly accessories... one shopkeeper last week featured a crystal set small enough to fit into a pocket, and another gave prominent position to a bucket of condensers about an inch in side." ["Bedlam on Radio Row: Downtown Mart Continues its Musical Pandemonium, But Meantime Sells Cameras and Golf Balls." "The New York Times", May 25, 1930, p. 144]
World War II was unkind to Radio Row, and in 1944 the "Times" lamented that the "one-time repository of nearly everything from a tube socket to a complete radio station" was "bargainless and practically setless, too, due to wartime scarcities" but that it still catered to "tinkerers and engineers" and that an "old spirit" and "magical quality" were still there. One shop said it was practically able to stay in business just by "making repairs on the electric meters burned out by the students of the city schools who were studying radio," and all were optimistic about growing public interest in "two new kinds of radio: FM and television." [Kennedy, T. R., Jr., "Cortlandt Street," "The New York Times," November 19, 1944, p. X7] Radio Row rebounded.

Radio Row's destruction in 1966 was highly controversial. A 1962 WCBS Radio commentator opined::Shaping up in New York City is a legal battle of overriding importance. Its outcome will conceivably affect us all. If the considerable power of the Port Authority is allowed to dispossess the merchants of Radio Row, then, it is our conviction, no home or business is safe from the caprice of government." [Sam Slate, WCBS Radio, October 4, 1962, as quoted in cite book|title=City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center|first= James|last=Glanz|coauthors=Eric Lipton|year=2003|publisher=Times Books|id=ISBN 0-8050-7428-7 [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0805074287&id=yE1Pyui4GpkC&pg=PA62&lpg=PA62&sig=Hw4DK_b987-eO0BxP1IPujy72as p. 62] ]

When it was demolished, some of the junkier stock was simply carted away along with the debris from the demolished buildings. A lesser district of parts shops grew around the nearby corner of Canal Street and Sixth Avenue, selling similar junk, new parts, and obsolete equipment, but it withered in the late 20th century.

Boston

In 1923, "The Boston Globe" reported that a section of the North End had been dubbed "Radio Row" because of the large number of radio antennas being installed in that neighborhood. "The hurdy-gurdy has a rival," wrote the "Globe", and "No skyline anywhere else in the city or the suburbs is filled with so many antennae as the blocks stretching along some sections of Hanover and Salem sts. Many residents have three or four aerials—one has six—with wires leading down to receiving sets of all descriptions, in the homes of the foreign-born residents. It has all come about in a few months.... All stairways lead to the roof, where [some residents] are arranging to rig up a loudspeaker, connected with instruments below. A survey of housetops... shows a whole population getting ready." [Cullinan, Howell (1923), "The Boston Globe," May 6, 1923, p. A5.]

At the Super Bowl

Radio Row can also mean a place at the Super Bowl American football game where reporters from many radio stations have interviews. [http://www.mahalo.com/Super_Bowl_Radio_Row]

ee also

*Tottenham Court Road
*Business cluster
*Akihabara (Tokyo, Japan)
*Yongsan Electronics Market, (Seoul, Korea)

References

External links

* [http://www.npr.org/programs/lnfsound/stories/020603.radiorow.html Program on NPR about radio row]
* [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0738500682&id=YQ1A-Hz3ml4C&pg=PA111&lpg=PA111&dq=%22radio+row%22&sig=WkBO99eVlpnJo_n56VZ2OZA8S5E Vintage postcard] showing Radio Row


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