- Herkimer (town), New York
Herkimer is a
townin Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 9,962 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Nicholas Herkimer. Herkimer County Community Collegeis located in Herkimer village.
The town was first settled around 1722 in an area originally called "Stone Ridge" (now the Village of Herkimer). Early settlers were primarily Palatine Germans. During the
French and Indian War, Herkimer and the Mohawk Valley was ravaged by raids of French and native allies.
The Town of Herkimer was established in 1789.
Johan Jost Herchheimer settled in German Flatts, NY in 1725, which is south of the present day Village of Herkimer. Johan Herchheimer was a farmer who also engaged in trade and transport on the
Mohawk River. He had over convert|5000|acre|km2|0 of the land, which included a strategic portagearound Little Falls. This is where his eldest son Nicholas Herkimerestablished a farmstead.
By 1770, Nicholas had established great wealth through farming and trade during the
French and Indian Wars. During this time he also gained military experience as a Captain of a Militia.
General Herkimer would later fight in the
Battle of Oriskany.
In 1906, the murder trial of
Chester Gillettebrought many spectators to the County courthouse in Herkimer village.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.1 square miles (83.2 km²).Land comprises 81.7 km² (31.6 sq mi) of the town and 1.5 km² (0.6 sq mi) of the town (1.74%) is water.
New York State Thruwayand New York State Route 5run through the south part of the town. New York State Route 28is a north-south highway that intersects NY-5 in Herkimer village.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,962 people, 4,114 households, and 2,386 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 315.6 people per square mile (121.9/km²). There were 4,513 housing units at an average density of 143.0/sq mi (55.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.83% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.
There were 4,114 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $28,763, and the median income for a family was $42,296. Males had a median income of $30,828 versus $20,845 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $17,211. About 7.9% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Herkimer, NY
*Beacon Light Corners -- A location near the west town line.
*East Herkimer -- A hamlet east of Herkimer village on NY-5.
*Eatonville -- A hamlet near the northeast corner of the town.
*Herkimer -- The Village of Herkimer is by the south town line, on NY-5 by the Mohawk River.
*Kast Bridge -- A hamlet north of Herkimer village on NY-28.
*Mirror Lake -- A small lake north of Herkimer village.
* Herkimer Home, [http://www.littlefallsny.com/HerkimerHome/Page1.htm State Historical Site] - Little Falls, NY
* [http://www.revolutionaryday.com/nyroute5/herkimer/default.htm Herkimer] , NY (Route 5)
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyherkim/herkimer.html Early history of Herkimer town]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/herk-herkimer.htm Early history of Herkimer, New York]
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