Elba (village), New York

Elba (village), New York

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Elba, New York
settlement_type = Village
nickname =
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption =



pushpin_label_position =left
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
pushpin_mapsize =

|mapsize =
map_caption =

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New York
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Genesee
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 2.6
area_land_km2 = 2.6
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 1.0
area_land_sq_mi = 1.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 696
population_density_km2 = 264.2
population_density_sq_mi = 684.2

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 232
elevation_ft = 761
latd = 43 |latm = 4 |lats = 35 |latNS = N
longd = 78 |longm = 11 |longs = 2 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 14058
area_code = 585
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-23745
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0949446
website =
footnotes =

Elba is a village in Genesee County, New York, United States. The population was 696 at the 2000 census. The village is named after the island of Elba.

The Village of Elba is in the Town of Elba. The village is north of the City of Batavia at the intersection of NYS Route 98 and NYS Route 262.

Elba claims to be the "Onion Capital of the World."

Elba is also host to its annual "Onion Festival" on the first weekend of August. The Onion Festival draws the vast majority of Elba citizens and some people from neighboring towns in Genesee County. Among the events are the Fireman's Parade, Kiddy Parade, raffling of a car, and the crowning of an "Onion Queen". All profits from the festival go towards the funding of the Elba Fire Department.


The site of the village was first settled in 1804, by John Roraback, a weaver. The Village of Elba was incorporated in 1884. Previously, in 1882, an attempt to incorporate "Pine Hill" as the town's name lead to dissension and a lawsuit.

For a short time the town was actually called Pine Hill as derived from a Native American name for the area in which the town resided.

Elba was a stop on the Underground Railroad. There literally was an underground section, as there was a tunnel underneath Main Street between the inn and the home of its owner, [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nygenese/mlc6.htm Elias Pettibone] , which is now collapsed.


Elba is located at coor dms|43|4|34|N|78|11|2|W|city (43.076339, -78.183909)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²).None of the area is covered with water.

NY-98 and NY-262 cross in the south part of the village.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 696 people, 245 households, and 190 families residing in the village. The population density was 684.2 people per square mile (263.5/km²). There were 258 housing units at an average density of 253.6/sq mi (97.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.41% White, 1.44% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.

There were 245 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the village the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $47,614, and the median income for a family was $51,042. Males had a median income of $40,156 versus $30,192 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,246. About 5.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.


External links

* [http://www.elbanewyork.com/ Elba web page]
* [http://www.elbacsd.org/ Elba Central School web page]

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