Sandwich, Massachusetts


Sandwich, Massachusetts

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Town of Sandwich, Massachusetts
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption = The Sandwich Town Hall
image_






mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Barnstable County in Massachusetts


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Massachusetts
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Barnstable
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1637
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1639
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
government_type = Open town meeting
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 114.9
area_total_sq_mi = 44.4
area_land_km2 = 111.5
area_land_sq_mi = 43.0
area_water_km2 = 3.4
area_water_sq_mi = 1.3
population_as_of = 2000
settlement_type = Town
population_total = 20136
population_density_km2 = 180.7
population_density_sq_mi = 467.9
elevation_m = 6
elevation_ft = 20
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 41 |latm = 45 |lats = 32 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 29 |longs = 40 |longEW = W
website = http://www.sandwichmass.org/
zip_codes = 02563, 02537, 02644
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 02563, 02644
area_code = 508 / 774
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 25-59735
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0618259
footnotes =

Sandwich is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 20,136 at the 2000 census. The Town Hall is located right next to the historic land Mill, in the historic center of town.

The town motto is "Post tea Naufracia Portus" (Latin: 'after so many shipwrecks a haven'). For more geographic and demographic information on specific parts of the town of Sandwich, please see the articles on East Sandwich, Forestdale, and Sandwich (CDP). The postal ZIP codes for the town are 02537, 02644, and 02563, respectively.

History

First settled in 1634, by the pilgrims who led ten people through the woods and founded Sandwich with the stated purpose: To Worship God and to Make cotton. It was settled by a group from Saugus with the permission of the Taunton Colony. It was named for the seaport of Sandwich, Kent, England. Sandwich was the site of an early Quaker settlement. However, the settlement was not well-received, as their beliefs clashed with those of the Puritans who founded the town. Many Quakers left the town, either for further settlements along the Cape, or elsewhere, including places like Dartmouth. Early industry revolved around agriculture, with fishing and trading also providing for the town. Later, the town grew a small industrial component along the Scusset River and Old Harbor Creek and its tributaries. Today, most of its industry revolves around tourism. ["Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Street Atlas." South Easton, Mass.: Arrow Map Inc., 2004, p. 74.]

There are several attractions in Sandwich, including Heritage Museums and Gardens, the Wing Fort House, the Sandwich Glass Museum, the Thornton Burgess Museum, Hoxie House (the youngest house on Cape Cod), the Dan'l Webster Inn, and the Dexter Grist Mill, the oldest on Cape Cod. The Sandwich town boardwalk is also popular for tourists. The walkway was destroyed by Hurricane Bob in 1991, but was rebuilt via private donations. Sandwich is home to numerous art galleries, rare book and antique stores. It is also home to a major portion of Otis Air National Guard Base, including half the land the runways are on.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.4 square miles (114.9 km²), of which, 43.0 square miles (111.5 km²) of it is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²) of it (2.98%) is water. Sandwich is bordered by Cape Cod Bay to the north, Barnstable to the east, Mashpee and Falmouth to the south, and Bourne to the west. It is approximately fifty-seven miles south-southeast of Boston.

Sandwich is the site of the Cape Cod Bay entrance to the Cape Cod Canal. The northern point of Sandwich, where Sagamore Hill and the Scusset Beach State Reservation lie, is divided from the rest of the town by the canal. The town is also the location of the Shawme-Crowell State Forest and the Massachusetts State Game Farm. The town is home to six beaches along the shores of Cape Cod Bay. The rest of the town's geography is typical of the rest of the Cape, with many small ponds and hills, with most of the trees being pine or oak. Sandwich is also the site of Old Harbor Creek, a large inlet with several other small creeks feeding it, which once served to provide safe harbor for ships.

Transportation

U.S. Route 6, also known as the Mid-Cape Highway on Cape Cod, passes through the town to the north of Otis Air National Guard Base as a four-lane divided freeway. There are three exits off of this route within town. Route 6A also passes through town to the north of Route 6, and is the town's main road. The northern terminus of Route 130 is near the intersection of Routes 6 and 6A within town. The road passes along the eastern side of Otis on its way towards Mashpee.

Freight rail service is provided by the Massachusetts Coastal Railroad. The Cape Cod Central Railroad operates seasonal tourist excursions from Hyannis to Sandwich and Sagamore. The nearest inter-city (Amtrak) passenger rail stations are Boston's South Station and Providence. Nearby are the Kingston/Route 3 and Middleborough/Lakeville stations of the MBTA's commuter rail system, providing direct service to Boston.

The nearest private and regional air service can be found in Barnstable, and the nearest national and international airport is Logan International Airport in Boston.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 20,136 people, 7,335 households, and 5,515 families residing in the town. The population density was 467.9 people per square mile (180.6/km²). There were 8,748 housing units at an average density of 78.5 persons/km² (203.3 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 97.75% White, 0.38% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,335 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 5 living with them, 690.0% were married couples living together, 8.1% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 24.8% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $1000000 and the median income for a family was 1000$. Males had a median income of $49,195 versus $33,516 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,895. 3.1% of the population and 2.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 3.3% are under the age of 18 and 4.1% are 65 or older.

Government

Sandwich is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Fifth Barnstable District, which also includes portions of Barnstable, Bourne and Mashpee. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Barnstable district, which includes Bourne, Falmouth, Kingston, Pembroke, Plymouth, Plympton and portions of Barnstable. [ [http://www.mass.gov/legis/citytown.htm Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov] ] The town is patrolled by the Seventh (Bourne) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police. [ [http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=eopsterminal&L=5&L0=Home&L1=Law+Enforcement+%26+Criminal+Justice&L2=Law+Enforcement&L3=State+Police+Troops&L4=Troop+D&sid=Eeops&b=terminalcontent&f=msp_divisions_field_services_troops_troop_d_msp_field_troop_d_station_d7&csid=Eeops Station D-7, SP Bourne] ] The State Representative is Jeffrey Davis Perry [ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Perry_%28politician%29] ] ] , who lives in East Sandwich. The Sandwich Board of Selectmen has five members: Linell Grundman, John Kennan, Dana Barrette, Randal Hunt and Frank Pannorfi.

On the national level, Sandwich is a part of Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Edward M. Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John F. Kerry.

Sandwich is governed by the open town meeting form of government. Day to day operation is led by a town manager and a board of selectmen. The town operates a police department, and a fire department consisting of three fire stations. There are also three post offices in town (East Sandwich, Sandwich, and Forestdale). The Sandwich Public Library is located in the town's center, and belongs to the Old Colony Library Network, the Southeastern Massachusetts Regional Library System, and the Massachusetts Library Information Network.

Education

Sandwich operates its own public school system. Three schools (Forestdale, Oak Ridge and Henry T. Wing) serve the town's kindergarten through eighth grade classes. (Wing Elementary also serves pre-kindergarten classes.) Sandwich High School, located in East Sandwich, operates grades nine through twelve. The school teams are called the Blue Knights, and their colors are dark blue, light blue and (more recently) silver and just added because of 9/11 red.

High school students may also choose to attend the Upper Cape Cod Regional Technical School in Bourne free of charge (Sandwich taxpayers contribute to that school's budget). Students may also choose to attend private schools in Barnstable, Bourne, Falmouth or other neighboring communities. A few Sandwich students choose to attend private high schools off-Cape, such as Tabor Academy and Bishop Stang High School.

Notable people

* Sam Brown (comedian), comedian and writer of the sketch comedy group The Whitest Kids U Know, grew up in Sandwich.

* Jeffrey Adam "Duff" Goldman, the star of the Food Network's Ace of Cakes [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duff_Goldman] , moved to Sandwich as a child and graduated from Sandwich High School [http://www.boston.com/ae/food/articles/2006/10/18/food_network_show_is_icing_on_a_young_bakers_cakes/] .

References

External links

*wikitravel|Sandwich (Massachusetts)|Sandwich


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