- Pittsfield (town), Maine
Pittsfield is a
townin Somerset County, Maine, United States. The population was 4,214 at the 2000 census. Pittsfield is home to the Maine Central Institute, a private boarding school, and the annual Central Maine Egg Festival.
The area was part of the Kennebec Purchase. First called Plymouth Gore, it was settled in 1795 by Moses Martin and his family from Norridgewock. In 1815, the town was organized as the Plantation of Sebasticook, but then incorporated on
June 19, 1819as Warsaw after Warsaw, Poland. In 1824, the name was changed to Pittsfield after William Pitts of Boston, a large landowner.
Pittsfield was noted for fine
orchards, and became an agricultural trade center. Water powerfrom the Sebasticook Riverattracted industry, and a gristmilland sawmillwere built at the falls. Blacksmithshops and a carriageshop were established. In 1855, the Penobscot and Kennebec Railroadarrived, and Pittsfield developed into a small mill town. In 1869, the first woolenmill was established. The Riverside Woolen Company was the first mill in the state to sell cloth direct from loomto wearer. Fire destroyed the downtown in 1881, but it was soon rebuilt. Woodworkingplants and a canningfactory were established. The Waverly Woolen Mill was built in 1891-1892, together with 52 dwellings the company rented to workers. Pittsfield was also home to the Sebasticook and the Pioneer woolen mills. In 1914, the Waverly and the Pioneer mills were sold to the American Woolen Company, which would close in 1934 during the Great Depression. The Pioneer Mill, the largest, remained in operation until after World War II, but closed as the New Englandtextile business moved to Southern states. The Waverly mill was converted into a shoe factory in the 1940s, with the Pioneer mill converted to manufacture doorbells in the 1950s.
Carl Milliken, governor
Llewellyn Powers, governor
Arthur Millett(1874-1952) was a silent screen actor who appeared in 119 films between 1914 and 1940. His last two roles (both 1940) were in " Three Faces West" with John Wayneand " Deadwood Dick" with Barbara Stanwyck
Lawrence Dysartwas owner and proprietor of L.A. Dysart's Department Store in Pittsfield. The store opened in 1935 as a 5 & 10 store by Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence A. Dysart from Skowhegan. New storefront added in 1948. Owner retired in February, 1973.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.7 square miles (126.2 km²), of which, 48.2 square miles (124.7 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.4 km²) of it (1.13%) is water. Pittsfield is drained by the Sebasticook River. The town is located at approximately latitude 44° 46' 57" North; longitude 69° 23' 2" West.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 4,214 people, 1,627 households, and 1,147 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 87.5 people per square mile (33.8/km²). There were 1,808 housing units at an average density of 37.5/sq mi (14.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.27% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 1,627 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,868, and the median income for a family was $40,612. Males had a median income of $31,673 versus $22,283 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $16,065. About 10.0% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
ite of interest
* [http://www.pittsfieldhistoricalsociety.org/ Depot House Museum, Pittsfield Historical Society]
* [http://www.pittsfield.org/ Town of Pittsfield, Maine]
* [http://eggfest.craftah.com/ Central Maine Egg Festival]
* [http://www.Pittsfield.lib.me.us/ Pittsfield Public Library]
* [http://www.mci-school.org/ Maine Central Institute]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/pittsfield-me.htm History of Pittsfield, Maine]
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