Mark Eyskens


Mark Eyskens
Mark Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
6 April 1981 – 17 December 1981
Monarch Baudouin
Deputy Guy Mathot
Willy Claes
José Desmarets
Preceded by Wilfried Martens
Succeeded by Wilfried Martens
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1989–1992
Prime Minister Wilfried Martens
Preceded by Leo Tindemans
Succeeded by Willy Claes
Minister of Finance
In office
1985–1988
Prime Minister Wilfried Martens
Preceded by Frans Grootjans
Succeeded by Philippe Maystadt
In office
1980–1981
Prime Minister Wilfried Martens
Preceded by Paul Hatry
Succeeded by Robert Vandeputte
Minister of Economic Affairs
In office
1981–1985
Prime Minister Wilfried Martens
Preceded by Willy Claes
Succeeded by Philippe Maystadt
Personal details
Born 29 April 1933 (1933-04-29) (age 78)
Leuven, Belgium
Political party Christian Democratic and Flemish
Spouse(s) Anne Rutsaert
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven
Columbia University

Marc Maria Frans, Viscount Eyskens (born 29 April 1933), known as Mark Eyskens [ˈmɑɾk ˈʔɛɪ̯skəns] ( listen), is a Belgian economist and politician in the Christian People's Party (Belgium), now called Christian Democratic and Flemish, and briefly served as Prime Minister of Belgium in 1981.

Contents

Background

He was born in Leuven, the son of Gaston Eyskens, and lived for a time at the International House of New York. When Germany invaded Belgium Eyskens and his mother fled to France but upon the Belgian capitulation the family returned to Leuven.

Academic career

In 1953 Mark Eyskens attained a bachelor's degree in philosophy. In 1956 Eyskens became a doctor iuris at the University of Leuven. In 1957 he obtained a Master of Arts in Economics at Columbia University. In 1962 he received a doctorate in economic sciences. In 1962 he became a professor at the University of Leuven (1962–1998). From 1971 to 1976 he was chairman of the university. He was a member of the Club of Rome (1972–1978).

Political career

In 1962 Eyskens started his political career as a counsellor in the cabinet of the Minister of Finance André Dequae.

In 1976 Eyskens became Secretary of State for Town and Country Planning and Housing (1976–1977, Tindemans I). Eyskens was first elected to the Belgian Chamber of Representatives in 1977. He was re-elected (1977, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1978, 1995, 1999) and served until 2003.

He became Secretary of State for the budget and Flemish affairs (1977–1979, Tindemans II & Vanden Boeynants II), Minister of Development Aid (1979–1980, Martens I, Martens II & Martens III) and Minister of Finance (1980–1981, Martens IV). Mark Eyskens became the 45th Prime Minister of Belgium on 6 April 1981, an office his father had held six times. His government quickly collapsed on 17 December, due to disagreements on the financing of the Walloon steel industry. After the fall of his government he served as Minister for Economical Affairs (1981–1985, Martens V) and Minister of Finance (1985–1988, Martens VI & Martens VII). Although originally not a member of the Martens VIII cabinet, on June 19, 1989 he re-entered the government when he replaced Leo Tindemans as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1989–1992, Martens VIII & Martens IX). This was the last government office he held. He served as a backbencher 1992-2003 and retired at the 2003 general election.

Later career

On 18 November 1998 Mark Eyskens was made a Minister of State. In the 2006 provincial elections Eyskens was elected to the provincial council of Vlaams Brabant. He served from 2007 until his resignation in 2009.

Eyskens is a member of the Supervisory Board of the Global Panel Foundation, a member of the Advisory Board of the Itinera Institute think-tank and of B Plus.

Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Hatry
Minister of Finance
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Robert Vandeputte
Preceded by
Wilfried Martens
Prime Minister of Belgium
1981
Succeeded by
Wilfried Martens
Preceded by
Willy Claes
Minister of Economic Affairs
1981–1985
Succeeded by
Philippe Maystadt
Preceded by
Frans Grootjans
Minister of Finance
1985–1988
Preceded by
Leo Tindemans
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Willy Claes

External links


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