Shelton, Connecticut


Shelton, Connecticut

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Shelton, Connecticut
settlement_type = City


imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Connecticut
established_title = Incorporated (town)
established_date = 1789
established_title2 = Incorporated (city)
established_date2 = 1915
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Fairfield
government_type = Mayor-board of aldermen


subdivision_type = NECTA
subdivision_name = Bridgeport-Stamford
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Housatonic Valley
area_total_km2 = 82.6
area_land_km2 = 79.2
area_water_km2 = 3.5
area_total_sq_mi = 31.9
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 38101
population_density_km2 = 481.2
population_density_sq_mi = 1246.4
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
area_land_sq_mi = 30.6
area_water_sq_mi = 1.4
elevation_m = 19
elevation_ft = 62
latd = 41 |latm = 18 |lats = 15 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 08 |longs = 17 |longEW = W
region =
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 06484
area_code = 203
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 09-68100
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0210800
footnotes =
website = [http://www.cityofshelton.org/ www.cityofshelton.org]

Shelton is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 38,101 at the 2000 census.

History

Origins

The town was split off from Stratford in 1789, as "Huntington" (named for Samuel Huntington). [cite web
url=http://sheltonct.newenglandsite.com/huntington-index.shtml
title=Huntington Green Shelton
] [cite web
url=http://www.cityofshelton.org/
title=Welcome to the City of Shelton, Connecticut, Official WebSite
] The current name originated in a manufacturing village started in the 1860s named for the Shelton Company founded by Edward N. Shelton — also founder of Ousatonic Water Power Company. [cite book
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=0-_1H7cqDdoC&pg=PA1004&lpg=PA1004&dq=%22edward+n+shelton%22&source=web&ots=ZEdzPIJ0LY&sig=Xvyn-JV3LY10i29FgByXBIML8rg
title=A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut
author=Samuel Orcutt
pages=1002-1004
] [cite web
url=http://www.electronicvalley.org/derby/QUIZ/Pages/quiz13.htm
title=Derby History Quiz - Edward Shelton
publisher=Town of Derby
] [cite web
url=http://www.electronicvalley.org/tour/Ousatonic_Dam.htm
title=Ousatonic Dam & Canals
] [cite web
url=http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?pp/hh:@field(TITLE+@od1(Ousatonic+Water+Power+Company,+Dam+++Canals,+CT+Routes+34+++108,+1+mile+North+of+Derby-Shelton+Bridge,+Derby,+New+Haven+County,+CT))
title=CT0426: Ousatonic Water Power Company, Dam & Canals, CT Routes 34 & 108, 1 mile North of Derby-Shelton Bridge, Derby, New Haven County, CT
publisher=The Library of Congress
accessdate=2008-02-07
] The rapidly growing borough of Shelton incorporated as a city in 1915 and was consolidated with the town of Huntington in 1919 establishing the present City of Shelton. [cite web
url=http://sheltonhistoricalsociety.org/sheltonhistory.html
title=Shelton's History in a Nutshell
publisher=Shelton Historical Society
] [cite web
url=http://www.sheltonhistoricalsociety.org/faqs.html
title=Shelton Historical Society's FAQs
publisher=Shelton Historical Society
]

Decline of Shelton's Industry

Shelton was home to one of the largest arson fires in the United States history. It happened in 1975 when the Sponge Rubber Products plant (formerly owned by B.F. Goodrich) was set on fire. Charles Moeller, president of parent company Grand Sheet Metal Products, was acquitted on arson charges, but in a civil lawsuit, a jury in 1988 ruled the insurer did not have to pay claims on the fire because a preponderance of evidence showed the company's top officials arranged the fire to claim insurance money. Eight others were convicted or pleaded guilty.Greenwald, Judy. "Jury rules no cover for bombed building." Business Insurance, April 4, 1988.]

The explosion that destroyed the Sponge Rubber Plant on Canal Street in 1975 marked the start of the decline of Shelton's industries.Fact|date=October 2007During the remainder of the 1970s and 1980s several firms that operated factories along the banks of the Housatonic River either went out of business or relocated to areas where labor and operating costs were cheaper.Fact|date=October 2007In 1995, Sikorsky Aircraft closed a plant off of Bridgeport Avenue that manufactured electrical components for helicopters.Fact|date=October 2007

Downtown Revitalization

Efforts are underway to restore nineteenth century industrial buildings in the downtown area; those that were beyond repair were demolished in the late 1990s and early 2000s and replaced with the Veteran's Memorial, and a farmer's market. The 10-acre Riverwalk Park next to the Veterans Memorial was created on the site of the former Sponge Rubber Plant. Other buildings along Howe Avenue, one of the city's main thoroughfares have been restored, while developers have renovated two 19th Century factory buildings on Bridge Street, converting them into luxury condominiums. Several downtown streets have been reconstructed as part of a streetscape improvement project: sidewalks were reconstructed with brick and cobblestone, trees were planted, and some power lines were rerouted underground to improve the appearance of Shelton's central business district. [cite web
url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A07EFD61331F931A35752C1A961958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print
title=In the Region/Connecticut; How Shelton Won a Role in Fairfield's Office Market
author=Eleanor Charles
date=November 2, 1997
publisher=The New York Times
accessdate=2007-11-14
] In March 2008, Connecticut Governor M. Jodi Rell announced that after negotiations with State Senator Dan Debicella and State Representative Jason Perillo, state bond funds in the amount of $2 million would be directed toward additional infrastructure improvements leading to over $100 million in private investment in the city's downtown. [cite web |url=http://www.acorn-online.com/news/publish/huntington/30755.shtml
title=Rell delivers $2 million for downtown revival
first=Fred
last=Musante
date=March 20, 2008
publisher=The Huntington Herald
accessdate=2008-03-20
]

Other events

On June 14, 1978, Bob Marley & The Wailers played at the Pinecrest Country Club in the city as part of the group's Kaya Tour.Fact|date=January 2008

In November 2007, a tree located on Soundview Avenue in Shelton was picked to be the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree. [cite web
url=http://www.boston.com/news/local/connecticut/articles/2007/11/07/crews_cut_shelton_spruce_for_rockefeller_center_christmas_tree/
title=Crews cut Shelton spruce for Rockefeller Center Christmas tree
author=Associated Press
publisher=Boston.com
date=November 7, 2007
accessdate=2007-11-14
]

On May 30th 2008 producers and staff for the upcoming movie "All Good Things" shot one scene on Canal St. in downtown Shelton. The scene was underneath the train trestle and involved one of the characters dragging a body and dumping it into the Housatonic River.Fact|date=June 2008

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.9 square miles (82.7 km²), of which, 30.6 square miles (79.2 km²) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²) of it (4.26%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 38,101 people, 14,190 households, and 10,543 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,246.4 people per square mile (481.2/km²). There were 14,707 housing units at an average density of 481.1/sq mi (185.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.44% White, 1.12% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.89% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.48% of the population.

There were 14,190 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $67,292, and the median income for a family was $75,523. Males had a median income of $50,210 versus $36,815 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,893. About 2.5% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Mark Lauretti has served as mayor since taking office in 1991.

The Republican Party has controlled the city government since the 1980s. Before the 2007 Elections, the Board of Aldermen consists of 5 Republican members, 2 Citizens' United members and one Democrat member. [ [http://www.cityofshelton.org/brdscommisions.htm#Board%20of%20Aldermen Shelton Board of Aldermen] ] Mayor Lauretti was re-elected for a ninth term on November 6, 2007. The new Board of Aldermen consists of 7 Republicans and one Democrat. [ [http://www.connpost.com/elections/ci_7389740 For Lauretti, a sweet ride to 9th term, Connecticut Post November 7, 2007] ]

Political affiliations in Shelton have developed predominantly along demographic lines, with both representatives from the 2nd Ward (Jason Perillo (Also the Chief of Echo Hose Ambulance Corps (EHAC)) and Stanley Kudej), 3rd Ward (John Anglace and Lynn Farrell) and 4th Ward (John Papa and Kenneth Olin) being Republicans. The more affluent 1st Ward is represented by Jack Finn, the lone Democrat on the Board, and Republican Anthony Simonetti. Anglace (R-3) is the Board's President. Papa (R-4) is its Vice-president. In recent elections, the 2nd and 4th Wards have remained consistently Republican, while representation from the 1st and 3rd Wards has swung between Republicans, Democrats, and the Citizens' United Party.

Political representation at the state level has been Republican since in the 1960s. In 2006, State Senator Dan Debicella took over from George "Doc" Gunther, who represented the town for forty years. Im 2007, State Representative Jason Perillo assumed office on the death of Dick Belden, who represented the town for 32 years. State Representative Larry Miller has also represented the town since 1991. All these current and former legislators are Republicans.

Education

Public schools in Shelton include Shelton High School for grades 9 through 12, Shelton Intermediate School for grades 7 and 8, and six primary schools for kindergarten through sixth grade. [cite web|url=http://www.sheltonpublicschools.org/ |title=Shelton Public Schools |accessdate=2008-05-24]

Prominent companies

*Perkin-Elmer houses their Life and Analyitical sciences division on Bridgeport Avenue. Perkin Elmer is best known for building the optical components of the Hubble Space Telescope.
*Shelton is home to Wiffle Ball, Inc., manufacturers of the original Wiffle Ball.
*Home to Swiss Army Brands U.S. regional office, with about 175 employees,"State to aid Shelton firm's move," by Maya Rao, "The Hartford Courant," June 15, 2006; Rao cites James Ryan, head of the Shelton Economic Development Commission.] is planning a move to Monroe.
*TranSwitch Corp. headquarters, 3 Enterprise Drive
*Pitney Bowes employs 1,460 in the city.
*Health Net Inc. has 1,500 employees in the city.
*Computershare (formerly Transcentive Inc.), 2 Enterprise Drive
*NEC Unified Solutions (formerly Nitsuko America), manufacturer of business telephone systems, 4 Forest Parkway
* Panolam is headquartered in Shelton.
* Cartier SA has an office in Shelton
* Tetley USA is headquartered in Shelton.
* Bic Incorporated has an office in Shelton.
* Baldwin Technology is headquartered in Shelton.
*Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation has an Overhaul and Repair (O&R) facility in Shelton.

Notable residents, past and present

*Isaac Hull (1773 - 1843), Commodore in the U.S. Navy; commanded U.S.S. Constitution among other ships.
*David N. Mullany, inventor of the Wiffle Ball.
*Dan Orlovsky, professional football player, born in Shelton.

On the National Register of Historic Places

* Commodore Hull School — 130 Oak Ave. (added July 30, 1983)
* Huntington Center Historic District — Roughly along Church and Huntington Sts., from Ripton Rd. to the Farmill River (added April, 2000)
* Plumb Memorial Library — 47 Wooster St. (added December 7, 1978)

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofshelton.org/ Town government Web site]
* [http://www.sheltonhistoricalsociety.org/ Shelton Historical Society]
* [http://www.derbyhistorical.org/ Derby Historical Society Web site] The society was "Founded April 18, 1946, to serve the Naugatuck Valley towns of Ansonia, Derby, Oxford, Seymour, & Shelton."


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