- Romantic realism
Though the term was used earlier (by
Joseph Conrad), it was very much popularized by writer/philosopher Ayn Rand. Many Objectivists who consider themselves artists apply this term to themselves. Rand defined Romantic realism as a portrayal of things and people "as they might and ought to be." "Might be" implied realism, as contrasted with mere fantasy. "Ought to be" implied a moral vision and a standard of beauty and virtue. This combination is based on the idea that heroic values, and similar themes, "are" rational and 'realistic,' as a Romantic Realist wouldn't believe in a necessary dichotomy between 'romanticism' and 'realism.'
A detailed analysis of Dostoevsky as a Romantic Realist is given in Donald Fanger's book, Dostoevsky and Romantic Realism: A Study of Dostoevsky in Relation to Balzac, Dickens, and Gogol (1998, Northwestern University Press). Similarly, Conrad's relationship to Romantic Realism is analyzed in Ruth M. Stauffer's 1922 book: Joseph Conrad: His Romantic Realism (reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, December 2004).
As far as both their personal interests as well as objective comparisons go, a majority of romantic realist artists are more similar to
romanticismthan realism in what they produce. Romantic realism is often considered, more or less, a "branch" of romanticism.
Artists of Romantic Realism include:
Aleksandr Petrov (animator)
Nick Gaetano(who created the cover art for the 35th anniversary editions of Ayn Rand's books)
"I am a Romantic in the sense that I present men as they ought to be. I am Realistic in the sense that I place them here and now and on this earth."
—Ayn Rand, quoted in "The Essentials of Objectivism," included in
Signet's 1992 edition of her novel " Atlas Shrugged"
Art Renewal Center
* [http://www.crabelfineart.com/index.htm Crabel Gallery of Romantic Realism] -
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