- Eichsfeld (district)
Infobox German district noregbez
Eichsfeld is a district in
Thuringia, Germany, and part of the historical region of Eichsfeld. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Nordhausen, Kyffhäuserkreisand Unstrut-Hainich, and by the states of Hesse(district Werra-Meißner) and Lower Saxony(districts Göttingen and Osterode).
In medieval times the
Eichsfeld, which is larger than the "district Eichsfeld", was property of the bishops of Mainz, although anything but close to that city.
Eichsfeld was the only region of Thuringia not to accept the Protestant Reformation, largely due to the efforts of the
Archbishop of Mainz.
1801the clerical states were dissolved, and Prussiagained the region, only to lose it again in the Napoleonic Wars. In the Congress of Vienna( 1815) Prussia as well as the kingdom of Hanoverraised claims for the Eichsfeld. The region was divided between both states. Although Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866, this border remained the boundary between two Prussian provinces, later between East and West Germany, and today between Thuringia and Lower Saxony.
The present district was established in
1994by merging the former districts of Worbis and Heiligenstadt.
The district is named after the historical region of Eichsfeld, which covers the northern portions of the present district and parts of Lower Saxony, the area around
Duderstadt, called "Untereichsfeld" (lower Eichsfeld). It is a hilly countryside, that is attached to the HarzMountains in the north. Incidentally it is the geographical centre of Germany. The Leineand Unstrutrivers both originate in the Eichsfeld.
The name is believed to be derived from "Eichenfeld", which means "field of oaks". A less popular theory is the origin in the word "Eisfeld" ("field of ice").
Coat of arms
* [http://www.kreis-eic.de/ Official website] (German)
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