Bitternut Hickory


Bitternut Hickory

Taxobox
name = Bitternut Hickory



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Bitternut Hickory foliage
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fagales
familia = Juglandaceae
genus = "Carya"
species = "C. cordiformis"
binomial = "Carya cordiformis"
binomial_authority = (Wangenh.) K.Koch

The Bitternut Hickory ("Carya cordiformis") is a common hickory native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada, from Minnesota, southern Ontario and Vermont south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.

It is a large deciduous tree, growing up to 35 m tall (exceptionally to 47 m), with a trunk up to 1 m diameter. The leaves are 15-30 cm long, pinnate, with 7-11 leaflets, each leaflet lanceolate, 7-13 cm long, with the apical leaflets the largest but only slightly so. The flowers are small wind-pollinated catkins, produced in spring. The fruit is a very bitter nut, 2-3 cm long with a green four-valved cover which splits off at maturity in the fall, and a hard, bony shell. Another indentifying characteristic is its bright sulfur-yellow winter buds. No other hickory has this feature.

It is closely related to the Pecan, sharing similar leaf shape and being classified in the same section of the genus "Carya" sect. "Apocarya", but unlike the Pecan, it does not have edible nuts. It is most readily distinguished from the Pecan by the smaller number of leaflets, with many leaves having only 7 leaflets (rarely fewer than 9, and often 11-13, in the Pecan). Hybrids with the Pecan are known, and named "Carya × brownii".

Uses

Like other hickories, the wood is used for smoking meat, and by Native Americans for making bows.

External links

* [http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/carya/cordiformis.htm USDA Forest Service description]
* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=233500315 Flora of North America: "Carya cordiformis"]
* [http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/frame/caco15.htm "Carya cordiformis" images at bioimages.vanderbilt.edu]


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  • bitternut hickory — karčioji karija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Riešutmedinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Carya cordiformis), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Carya cordiformis angl. bitternut; bitternut hickory; pignut; pignut hickory; swamp… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • bitternut hickory — noun hickory of the eastern United States having a leaves with 7 or 9 leaflets and thin shelled very bitter nuts • Syn: ↑bitternut, ↑bitter hickory, ↑bitter pignut, ↑swamp hickory, ↑Carya cordiformis • Hypernyms: ↑hickory, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • hickory tree — noun American hardwood tree bearing edible nuts • Syn: ↑hickory • Hypernyms: ↑nut tree • Hyponyms: ↑water hickory, ↑bitter pecan, ↑water bitternut, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • bitternut — noun hickory of the eastern United States having a leaves with 7 or 9 leaflets and thin shelled very bitter nuts • Syn: ↑bitternut hickory, ↑bitter hickory, ↑bitter pignut, ↑swamp hickory, ↑Carya cordiformis • Hypernyms: ↑hickory, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • bitternut — karčioji karija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Riešutmedinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Carya cordiformis), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Carya cordiformis angl. bitternut; bitternut hickory; pignut; pignut hickory; swamp… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Hickory — Taxobox name = Hickory image width = 230px image caption = Hickory at Morton Arboretum Accession 29 U 10 regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fagales familia = Juglandaceae genus = Carya genus authority = Nutt.… …   Wikipedia

  • bitternut — noun a) The bitternut hickory, Carya cordiformis, a common hickory tree native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada. b) Its fruit, a bitter nut sometimes used as feed for livestock …   Wiktionary

  • bitternut — karija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Riešutmedinių (Juglandaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Carya). atitikmenys: lot. Carya angl. bitternut; hickory; pecan vok. Bitternuss; Hickorybaum; Hickorynuss rus. гикори; кария lenk. hikora; orzesznik… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • hickory — karija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Riešutmedinių (Juglandaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Carya). atitikmenys: lot. Carya angl. bitternut; hickory; pecan vok. Bitternuss; Hickorybaum; Hickorynuss rus. гикори; кария lenk. hikora; orzesznik… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • Bitternut — Bit ter*nut , n. (Bot.) The swamp hickory ({Carya amara}). Its thin shelled nuts are bitter. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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