Galaţi


Galaţi

Infobox Settlement
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ROU
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3
map_caption = Location of Galaţi
|



image_shield=Actual Galati CoA.pngofficial_name=Galaţi
subdivision_type1=County
subdivision_name1=Galaţi County
subdivision_type2=Status
subdivision_name2=Autolink|County capital
leader_title=Mayor
leader_name=Dumitru Nicolae
|leader_party=Social Democratic Party
area_total_km2=246.3
population_as_of=2006
population_total=295000|population_footnotes=295,000 (January 1, 2006) [National Institute of Statistics, [http://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/alte/Comunicat%20ziua%20populatiei%202006%20doc.pdf] , July 1, 2004]
population_density_km2=1213|latd=45|latm=25|lats=24|latNS=N|longd=28|longm=2|longs=33|longEW=E|
population_metro = 600,000
website=http://www.primaria.galati.ro/

Galaţi (pronounced|gaˈlaʦʲ, _tr. Kalas; _de. Galatz; _pl. Gałacz) is a city in eastern Romania (Moldavia), the capital city of Galaţi County on the banks of the Danube, very close to Brăila forming with it the Cantemir metropolitan area. In 2006, according to the official Romanian census, the city had a population of 295,000 people, making it Romania's 7th largest city.

Name

The name of the city appears to have derived from Cuman "galat", which was borrowed from the Arabic "qal'at" (fortress). Also other etymologies were suggested, such as the Serbian "galac"; however the "galat" root appears in several nearby toponyms, some of which show clearly a Cuman origin, for example Gălăţui Lake, which has the typical Cuman -"ui" suffix for "water". A derivation from "Galatia" (Gaul), suggesting a Celtic origin, is possible, but unlikely.

History

The first mention of the city dates from 1445bc. In 1789, during the Russo-Turkish War, Galaţi was burnt down by the Russian forces led by general Mikhail Kamensky.

A peasant revolt took place in and around the city in 1907, but eventually it was crushed by the Romanian Army.

Tourist sights

Galaţi has a fine 20th century Romanian Orthodox cathedral - St. George ("Sfântu Gheorghe") and another particularly striking fortified church (that of St. Mary - "Sf. Precista") on the banks of the Danube, which was built in 1647 (legend has it that a tunnel was dug from the church and under the river). Other features of the city include a botanical garden, several museums, a television tower opened to the public and offering full view of the city, the newly-restored Galaţi Opera House, and a sculpture park lining a promenade of several kilometres along the banks of the Danube.

Remarkable architectural structures

* Galaţi TV Tower (Romanian: "Turnul de televiziune Galaţi"), a 150-metre tall telecommunication tower built of concrete, also used for FM broadcasting

Education

Galaţi has a university, the "Dunărea de Jos" University, founded in 1951 as a Naval and Mechanical Engineering Institute and given university status in 1974, by merging the Polytechnical Institute (the successor of the initial Institute) with the College of Education (founded in 1959). The city also a host to other educational and cultural institutions; among these, the "Vasile Alecsandri" and "Mihail Kogălniceanu" National Colleges rank as the first pre-university level educational institutions in Galaţi and the country.

Economy

The city has the largest iron and steel plant in Romania the Arcelor-Mittal Galaţi, state-owned until 2001. It is still commonly referred to under the old name "Sidex". Also, the country's largest shipyard is located here, profiting from the good access Galaţi has to the Black Sea through the Danube and the short distance between its facilities and the Mittal Plant.

ister cities

*flagicon|England Coventry, England; since 1963.
*flagicon|Greece Piraeus, Greece; since 1985.
*flagicon|China Wuhan, China; since 1987.
*flagicon|France Pessac, France; since 1991.
*flagicon|Costa Rica Limón, Costa Rica; since 1992.
*flagicon|United States Hammond, United States; since 1997.
*flagicon|Ukraine Mykolaiv, Ukraine; since 2002.
*flagicon|Ukraine Odessa, Ukraine; since 2002.
*flagicon|Ukraine Sevastopol, Ukraine; since 2002.
*flagicon|Ukraine Yalta, Ukraine; since 2002.
*flagicon|Italy Ancona, Italy.
*flagicon|Italy Jesi, Italy; since 2003.
*flagicon|United States Scottsbluff, United States; since 2007
*flagicon|India Bombay, India; since 2007.
*flagicon|Italy Brindisi, Italy; since 2007.

External links

* [http://www.primaria.galati.ro/ Official Web Page (Rou)]

Notes


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