subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ROU
map_caption = Location of Galaţi
image_shield=Actual Galati CoA.png
|leader_party=Social Democratic Party
population_total=295000|population_footnotes=295,000 (January 1, 2006) [National Institute of Statistics, [http://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/alte/Comunicat%20ziua%20populatiei%202006%20doc.pdf] , July 1, 2004]
population_metro = 600,000
Galaţi (pronounced|gaˈlaʦʲ, _tr. Kalas; _de. Galatz; _pl. Gałacz) is a city in eastern
Romania( Moldavia), the capital city of Galaţi Countyon the banks of the Danube, very close to Brăilaforming with it the Cantemir metropolitan area. In 2006, according to the official Romanian census, the city had a population of 295,000 people, making it Romania's 7th largest city.
The name of the city appears to have derived from Cuman "galat", which was borrowed from the Arabic "qal'at" (fortress). Also other etymologies were suggested, such as the Serbian "galac"; however the "galat" root appears in several nearby toponyms, some of which show clearly a Cuman origin, for example Gălăţui Lake, which has the typical Cuman -"ui" suffix for "water". A derivation from "Galatia" (
Gaul), suggesting a Celtic origin, is possible, but unlikely.
The first mention of the city dates from 1445bc. In 1789, during the Russo-Turkish War, Galaţi was burnt down by the Russian forces led by general
Galaţi has a fine 20th century Romanian Orthodox
cathedral- St. George("Sfântu Gheorghe") and another particularly striking fortified church (that of St. Mary - "Sf. Precista") on the banks of the Danube, which was built in 1647 (legend has it that a tunnel was dug from the church and under the river). Other features of the city include a botanical garden, several museums, a television toweropened to the public and offering full view of the city, the newly-restored Galaţi Opera House, and a sculpturepark lining a promenade of several kilometres along the banks of the Danube.
Remarkable architectural structures
* Galaţi TV Tower (Romanian: "Turnul de televiziune Galaţi"), a 150-metre tall telecommunication tower built of concrete, also used for FM broadcasting
Galaţi has a university, the "Dunărea de Jos" University, founded in 1951 as a Naval and Mechanical Engineering Institute and given university status in 1974, by merging the Polytechnical Institute (the successor of the initial Institute) with the College of Education (founded in 1959). The city also a host to other educational and cultural institutions; among these, the "
Vasile Alecsandri" and " Mihail Kogălniceanu" National Colleges rank as the first pre-university level educational institutions in Galaţi and the country.
The city has the largest iron and steel plant in Romania the Arcelor-Mittal Galaţi, state-owned until 2001. It is still commonly referred to under the old name "Sidex". Also, the country's largest
shipyardis located here, profiting from the good access Galaţi has to the Black Seathrough the Danube and the short distance between its facilities and the Mittal Plant.
Coventry, England; since 1963.
Piraeus, Greece; since 1985.
Wuhan, China; since 1987.
Pessac, France; since 1991.
Limón, Costa Rica; since 1992.
*flagicon|United States Hammond,
United States; since 1997.
Mykolaiv, Ukraine; since 2002.
Odessa, Ukraine; since 2002.
Sevastopol, Ukraine; since 2002.
Yalta, Ukraine; since 2002.
Jesi, Italy; since 2003.
*flagicon|United States Scottsbluff,
United States; since 2007
Bombay, India; since 2007.
Brindisi, Italy; since 2007.
* [http://www.primaria.galati.ro/ Official Web Page (Rou)]
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