Lysias (Syrian chancellor)


Lysias (Syrian chancellor)

Lysias, or Lusias (b.???BC - d.162 BC) was a second century Seleucid General and governor of Syria under the Seleucid Empire.

He was described as, "A noble man, and one of the blood royal". Antiochus IV Epiphanes (circa 166 BC) left him with the government of Southern Syria and the guardianship of his son, while Antiochus went in person into Persia to collect the revenues which were not coming in satisfactorily. [ 1 Macc 3:32; 2 Macc 10:11 ]

According to Josephus [ Ant., XII, vii, 2 ] , the instructions of Lysias were "to conquer Judea, enslave its inhabitants, utterly destroy Jerusalem and abolish the whole nation." Lysias, accordingly, armed against Judas Maccabeus a large force under Ptolemy, son of Dorymenes, Nicanor and Gorgias. Of this force Judas defeated the two divisions under Nicanor and Gorgias near Emmaus (166 BC), and in the following year Lysias himself at Beth-zur (Bethsura) [ 1 Macc 4 ] , after which he proceeded to the purification of the temple.

In the narration of these campaigns there are considerable differences between the writers of 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees which scholars have not found easy to explain. Antiochus died at Babylon on his Persian expedition (164 BC), and Lysias assumed the office of regent during the minority of his son, who was yet a child. [ 1 Macc 6:17 ] He collected another army at Antioch, and after the re-capture of Beth-zur was besieging Jerusalem when he learned of the approach of Philip to whom Antiochus, on his deathbed, had entrusted the guardianship of the prince. [ 1 Macc 6:15; 2 Macc 13 ] He defeated Philip in 163 BC and was supported at Rome, but in the following year he fell with his ward Antiochus into the hands of Demetrius I, who put both of them to death. [ 1 Macc 7:1-23 ]

Notes

References

Hutchinson, J. (1915). " [http://studylight.org/enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T5622 Lysias] ". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Eds. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Retrieved December 9, 2005.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lysias (disambiguation) — Lysias can refer to several peoples.* Lysias (born ca. 440 BC; died ca. 380 BC), an Attic orator. * Lysias (Syrian chancellor), chancellor of the Seleucid Empire, enemy of the Maccabees. * Claudius Lysias, a figure mentioned in the New Testament… …   Wikipedia

  • Demetrius — • The name of two Syrian kings mentioned in the Old Testament and two other persons in the New Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Demetrius     Demetrius      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • 164 BC — NOTOC EventsBy placeEgypt* The Egyptian King Ptolemy VI Philometor is expelled from Alexandria by his brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes and flees to Rome to seek support.eleucid Empire* The Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes dies while on a… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicanor (Seleucid general) — Nicanor (born ??? BC died 161 BC; pronounced ni ka nor, ni ka nor (Nikanor) was a Syrian Seleucid General under Antiochus Epiphanes and Demetrius Soter. Contents 1 Early Military career 2 Under King Demetrius 3 Death …   Wikipedia

  • 166 BC — NOTOC EventsBy placeeleucid Empire* The Seleucid king Antiochus IV mounts a campaign against the Parthians who are threatening his empire in the east. He leaves his chancellor, Lysias, with responsibility for the government of southern Syria and… …   Wikipedia