- Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
honorific-prefix = Senatore
name = Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
imagesize = 180px
President of the Italian Republic
May 18, 1999
May 15, 2006
predecessor = "
Nicola Mancino" "acting"
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
order2 = 72nd
Prime Minister of Italy
28 April 1993
10 May 1994
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Italian Minister of Tourism
primeminister3 = "himself"
April 28, 1993
May 10, 1994
successor3 = Domenico Fisichella
Italian Minister of the Interior
primeminister4 = "himself"
April 19, 1994
May 10, 1994
order5 = Italian Minister of Exchequer, Budget and Economy Programming
July 17, 1996
May 13, 1999
"as Minister of exchequer"
"as Minister of budget and economy programming"
order6 = Governor of Banca d'Italia
term_start6 = 1979
term_end6 = 1993
predecessor6 = Paolo Baffi
order7 = Senator for Life
May 18, 2006
birth_date = birth date and age|1920|12|9
nationality = Italian
religion = Roman Catholic
Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa
University of Pisa
spouse = Franca Pilla
party = Democratic Party
audio|ciampi.ogg|Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (born
9 December 1920[http://www.senato.it/leg/15/BGT/Schede/Attsen/00000594.htm Page at Senate website] it icon.] ) is an Italian politician and banker. He was Prime Minister of Italyfrom 1993 to 1994 and was President from 1999 to 2006. He is currently a Senator for lifein the Italian Senate.
Ciampi was born in
Livorno( Province of Livorno).
After receiving a degree in
literaturein 1941 from the Scuola Normale of Pisa, one of the country's most prestigious universities, he was called to military duty in Albaniaas a lieutenant. On September 8, 1943, the date of the armistice with the Allies, he refused to remain in the Fascist Italian Social Republic, and took refuge in Abruzzo, in Scanno. He subsequently managed to pass the lines and reach Bari, where he joined the Partito d'Azione(and thus the Italian resistance movement).
In 1946 he married Franca Pila. That same year, he obtained a degree in
lawfrom the University of Pisaand began working at the Banca d'Italia. He also inscribed to CGIL, a member of which he remained until 1980.
Career in the Banca d'Italia
In 1960, he was called to work in the central administration of the
Banca d'Italia, where he became Secretary General in 1973, Vice Director General in 1976, and Director General in 1978. In October 1979, he was nominated Governor of the Banca d'Italia and President of the Ufficio Italiano Cambi, positions he filled until 1993.
From April 1993 to May 1994, he was the Italian Prime Minister overseeing a
technical government. Later, as Treasury Minister from 1996 to May 1999 in the governments of Romano Prodiand Massimo D'Alema, he was credited with adopting the eurocurrency. He personally chose the Italian design for the 1-euro coin, whereas all others were left to a television vote among some candidates the ministry had prepared. (See also: Italian euro coins)
Ciampi chose the
Vitruvian manof Leonardo da Vinci, on the symbolic grounds that it represented man as a measure of all things, and in particular of the coin: in this perspective, moneywas at the service of man, instead of its opposite. The design also fitted very well on the bimetallic material of the coin.
President of Italy
Ciampi was elected with a broad majority, and was the second president ever to be elected at the first ballot (when there is a requirement of a two-thirds majority) in a joint session of the Chamber of Deputies, the
Italian Senateand representatives of the Regions.
He usually refrained from intervening directly into the political debate while serving as President. However, he often addressed general issues, without mentioning their connection to the current political debate, in order to state his opinion without being too intrusive. His interventions have frequently stressed the need for all parties to respect the constitution and observe the proprieties of political debate. He was generally held in high regard by all political forces represented in the parliament. The possibility of persuading Ciampi to stand for a second term as President - the so-called "Ciampi-bis" - was widely discussed, despite his advancing age, but it was officially dismissed by Ciampi himself on
3 May 2006, just a few days before his mandate expired. Ciampi resigned as President before the swearing-in ceremony of his successor, Giorgio Napolitano.
As President, Ciampi was not considered to be close to the positions of the Vatican and the Catholic church, in a sort of alternance after the devout
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro. He has often praised patriotism, not a common feeling in Italy because of its abuse by the Fascistregime; Ciampi, however, seems to want to stress self-confidencerather than nationalism.
May 5, 2005, he received the Charlemagne Awardof the city of Aachen. On June 15, 2005, he was awarded an honorary doctorateby the École Normale Supérieureof Paris.
May 1 2008, he attended Charlemagne Awardof the city of Aachen.
title = Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
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