- 1856 in music
* Foundation of the Teatro de la
zarzuelaby Francisco Asenjo Barbieri.
St Petersburg, Russia, Mily Balakirev(the leader) meets César Cui, as the first 2 Russian composers of " The Mighty Five".
Published popular music
Stephen Foster- "Gentle Annie"
Benjamin Hanby- "Darling Nelly Gray"
William B. Bradbury- "Esther, the Beautiful Queen" (oratorio)
Antonín Dvořák- "Polka Pomnenka"
Alexander Dargomyzhsky- "Rusalka"
Aimé Maillart- "Les Dragons de Villars"
* "Hiawatha". Broadway production opened at
Wallack's Lyceum Theatreon December 25and ran for 24 performances.
* "Novelty" (Music:
Thomas Baker). Broadway production opened at Laura Keene's Variety Houseon February 22.
January 6- Giuseppe Martucci, composer (d. 1909)
January 9- Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac, composer (d. 1914)
January 11- Christian Sinding, composer (d. 1941)
May 3- Max Alvary, Wagnerian tenor (d. 1898)
* May - George Templeton Strong, composer and artist (d. 1948)
October 22- Eduard Schutt, conductor and composer
December 2- Robert Kajanus, composer (d. 1933)
December 20- Ferdinand Avenarius, poet and lyricist, relative of Richard Wagner
*"date unknown" -
Helen Hopekirk, pianist and composer
May 3- Adolphe Adam, French composer
July 29- Robert Schumann, composer
August 5- Robert Lucas de Pearsall, composer
August 8- Lucia Elizabeth Vestris, actress and singer
October 14- Johann Kaspar Mertz, guitarist and composer
December 31- Domenico Crivelli, music teacher
*"date unknown" -
Thomas Attwood Walmisley, composer and organist
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