Gudfred

Gudfred

King Godfred (ruled 804 - 810), was a Danish Viking king, the younger son of King Sigfred. There are numerous spellings for the king's name, including Godfred, Gudfred, Göttrick (German), Gøtrik (Danish), Gudrød (Danish), and Godofredus (Latin).

History

It is believed that his elder brother Halfdan became earl of some rich market towns south of the river Eider occupying what became known as North Frisia. Refusing to pay tax to Godfred, Halfdan swore his allegiance to Charlemagne in 807 to get his protection. Charlemagne gave eastern Holstein to the Obodrites and in 804 a Frankish army penetrated as far as the Ejder River, Denmark's traditional boundary at the time. The Frankish invasion never materialized, but it caused Godfred to construct the first sections of the Danevirke which ran from the Schlien toward the west coast of Denmark by means of the Trende River. The wall was built with an earthen embankment topped by a wooden stockade and protected from the south by a deep ditch. Denmark's most important town, Hedeby which apparently already existed on the Schlien was expanded and garrisoned with Danish soldiers and the early sections of the wall were designed to protect it. [Hvitfeldt, Arild.Danmarks Riges Krønike]

Then in 808 King Godfred forced the Obodrites to acknowledge him as their overlord. When they refused, he attacked Reric, modern Lübeck, burnt it down, killed Chief Drożko and ordered the merchants to resettle at Hedeby, which was being integrated into the Danevirke defensive line. [ibid.]

In 810 Godfrid led 200 ships to plunder the Frisian coast, and forced the merchants and peasant to pay 100 pounds of silver and claimed Northern Frisia as Danish territory. That same summer he was killed by one of his housecarls. According to Notker of St Gall, the bodyguard who murdered King Godfred was one of his own sons. [ibid.]

To protect the northern coast of the Frankish Empire, the emperor began paying Viking chieftains to protect sections of the coast from the Schlien east to the Weser River.

Legend

Godfrid appears in the Old French romances as Geoffrey, king of Denmark and father of Ogier the Dane (Holger Danske). Ogier the Dane is mentioned as Charlemagne's court with attendants in 788

References


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Gudfred — (auch: Godfred, Godefred, Godofridus, Godefridus, Godofred, Gottfried, Guthfridius, Geoffrey, Gøtrik, Göttrick; dänisch meist: Gudrød) war ein dänischer Wikingerkönig, der von 804 810 in Haithabu residierte. Seine Herrschaft fiel in eine Zeit, in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gudfred — Dansk konge. Død 810 …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Gudfred/Gøtrik/Gudrød — Gudrød vejdekonge er den sammen, som de Franske Analers Guthfridius. Da den sagnfigur, som han er opkaldt efter hedder noget forskeligt, på forskelige sprog. Han skal have myrdet sin bror Halvdan på opfordring af sin kone Åse. Hun også have fået… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Harde-Knud/Gudfred/Gudrød — kaldes også Trælle Knud og Knud den Fundne. Han var søn af Sigurd Orm i Øje/Sigfred og adoptivsøn af Gorm den Gamle/Gothrum/Æthelstan. Hans mor var en engelsk prinsesse, på nordisk kaldet Blæja, som betyder sengetæppe, lagen. Hun var datter af St …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Göttrick — Gudfred (auch: Godfred, Godofridus, Godefridus, Godofred, Gottfried, Guthfridius, Geoffrey, Gøtrik, Göttrick; dänisch meist: Gudrød) war ein dänischer Wikingerkönig, der von 804 810 von Haithabu aus regierte. Er war ein Sohn des Königs Halfdan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Göttrik — Gudfred (auch: Godfred, Godofridus, Godefridus, Godofred, Gottfried, Guthfridius, Geoffrey, Gøtrik, Göttrick; dänisch meist: Gudrød) war ein dänischer Wikingerkönig, der von 804 810 von Haithabu aus regierte. Er war ein Sohn des Königs Halfdan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dänische Königsfamilie — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der dänischen Könige 1.1 Skioldinger 1.2 Olaf Dynastie 1.3 Jelling Dynastie 1.4 Haus Estridsson 1.5 Haus Estridsson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dänisches Königshaus — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der dänischen Könige 1.1 Skioldinger 1.2 Olaf Dynastie 1.3 Jelling Dynastie 1.4 Haus Estridsson 1.5 Haus Estridsson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • König (Dänemark) — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der dänischen Könige 1.1 Skioldinger 1.2 Olaf Dynastie 1.3 Jelling Dynastie 1.4 Haus Estridsson 1.5 Haus Estridsson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • König von Dänemark — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der dänischen Könige 1.1 Skioldinger 1.2 Olaf Dynastie 1.3 Jelling Dynastie 1.4 Haus Estridsson 1.5 Haus Estridsson …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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