Infobox UK place
country = England
population = 47,398
region= South West England
postcode_district = TQ3, TQ4
Paignton (pronEng|ˈpeɪntən) is a coastal town in
Devonin England. Together with Torquayand Brixhamit forms the unitary authorityof Torbaywhich was created in 1998. The Torbay area is a holiday destination known as the English Riviera.
Paignton's population in the United Kingdom Census of 2001 was 47,398.
Paignton is mentioned in records dating back to the
Domesday Bookof 1086 AD. Formerly spelled both as "Peynton" and "Paington", the name has is derived from "Paega's town", the original Celtic settlement.
Paignton was a small fishing village until the 19th century, when in 1837 the Paington ("sic") Harbour Act led to the construction of a new harbour. It was around this time that the modern spelling of "Paignton" first appeared. The historic part of Paignton is centred around Church Street, Winner Street and Palace Avenue which contains fine examples of
Victorian architecture. Kirkham Houseis a late medievalstone house in the town which is open to the public at certain times of year. [ [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/conProperty.273 Kirkham House : Devon : South West : View properties : Properties : Days Out & Events : English Heritage ] ] The Coverdale Tower is adjacent to Paignton Parish Church and is named after Bishop Miles Coverdale, who published an English translation of the Biblein 1536. Coverdale was Bishop of Exeterbetween 1551 and 1553 and is said to have lived in the tower during this period, although this is regarded as doubtful by modern historians. ["A Paignton Scrapbook", Peggy Parnell ISBN 978 0 7509 4739 8]
railwayline to Paignton was built by the Dartmouth and Torbay Railway, and was opened to passengers on 2 August 1859, thus providing Torquayand Paignton a link to London. The people of Paignton acquired the nicknameof "pudden eaters" when thousands turned up hoping to obtain a piece of a huge puddingthat had been baked to celebrate the arrival of the railway. A Paignton Pudding was baked in 1968 to celebrate the town's charter, and another was baked in 2006 to mark the 200th anniversaryof the birth of the engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Oldway Mansionis a large house and gardens in Paignton constructed in the 1870s for Isaac Merritt Singer, who had amassed a considerable fortune by dint of his improvements to the sewing machine. The building is now occupied by Torbay Council. [ [http://www.torbay.gov.uk Torbay Council - Torbay Council Web Site ] ] Other Singer legacies in Paignton include the Palace Hotel and the Inn On The Green, which were built as homes for Singer's sons Washington and Mortimer respectively.
As Paignton's population grew, it merged with the coastal villages of
Goodringtonand Preston. The town had its own urban district council until 1968, when the creation of Torbay Council led to a single body covering Torquay, Paignton and Brixham. The unitary authorityformed in 1998 now handles all local governmentfor Torbay, which has its own directly elected mayor.
Paignton's economy relies extensively on
tourismand the town is marketed as a location for family holidays. The main seafront area is dominated by Paignton Pier, [ [http://www.theheritagetrail.co.uk/piers/paignton%20pier.htm English Seaside Piers - Paignton Pier ] ] a 780-foot long structure opened in 1879. It was designed by George Soudon Bridgman, the local architectwho also designed the original Oldway Mansion. The Festival Theatre, opened in 1967, was once a seafront theatrecapable of staging large summer shows. In 1999 it was converted into a multiscreen cinema. Regatta Week during early August is the peak holiday season. During this period there is a funfairon Paignton Green, along with a large fireworksdisplay. Later in August is Children's Week, which includes a wide range of events and competitions. Paignton has a variety of holiday accommodation, complemented by numerous pubs, nightclubs and restaurants. Paignton Zoois one of the largest in the United Kingdom.The Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railwayoperates steam trainsfrom Paignton to Kingswear, from where a ferry can be taken across the River Dartto Dartmouth. The line was closed by British Railduring the cutbacks of the Beeching era in the 1960s, and is operated today as a heritage railway line. Suttons Seeds, a major supplier of seeds, bulbs and horticultural products, is based in Paignton.
Places of interest
Torbay Picture House(now closed) is believed to have been Europe's oldest purpose-built cinema and was built in 1907. Seat 2 Row 2 of the circle was the favourite seat of crime novelist Agatha Christie, who lived in neighbouring Torquay. The cinemas and theatres in her books are all said to be based on the Torbay Picture House. It was also used as a location for the 1984 Donald Sutherlandfilm " Ordeal by Innocence" and the 1981 film " The French Lieutenant's Woman" (which was filmed mainly at Lyme Regisin Dorset). [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0087852/ Ordeal by Innocence (1984) ] ] [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0082416/ The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981) ] ]
The Royal Bijou Theatre is now demolished, but a
blue plaquemarking its former location can be found next to the Thomas Cooktravel agency in Hyde Road. The Royal Bijou Theatre was the venue for the first ever performance of " The Pirates of Penzance" by Gilbert and Sullivanon 30 December 1879. The performance was given at short notice in order to secure the copyrighton the work after problems had arisen with unauthorised performances of " HMS Pinafore" in the USA. [ [http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/hrgsp/old/productions/pir00/pir00hist.htm When I was but a nursery maid ] ]
From 1889 to 1897 the mathematician
Oliver Heavisidelived in Palace Avenue, in the building now occupied by Barclays Bank. A commemorative blue plaque can be seen on the wall. Heaviside is buried in Paignton Cemetery.
Paignton beach and the nearby Preston Sands are used for water sports including kite surfing and
dinghy sailing.The reed beds found at Broadsands beach are a haunt of the rare Cirl Bunting. [ [http://www.rspb.org.uk/wildlife/birdguide/name/c/cirlbunting/where.asp Where to watch Cirl Buntings] ] Hollicombe beach features a geological stratotype at its northern end, known as the "Corbyn's Head Member" [ [http://www.countryside-trust.org.uk/lbappdfs/pagegeorev.pdf A Review of the Geological Heritage of Torbay] ] Elberry Cove is used by jetskienthusiasts, while Saltern Coveis a Site of Special Scientific Interestdue to its distinctive geology.
Paignton railway stationis situated close the shops and a short walk from the beach along Torbay Road. Queen's Park Station for the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railwayis adjacent to the main railway station on the beach side of the level crossing. The bus and coach station face the main entrance to the railway station.
Use as a film location
Paignton was used as a location in several episodes of the
television comedyseries " Monty Python's Flying Circus". In Episode 23, entitled "Scott of the Antarctic", Paignton Pier and seafront can be seen. Episode 18, "Live from the Grill-o-Mat", was hosted by John Cleesefrom the fictional Grill-o-Mat snack bar in Paignton. During the location filming of these scenes in May 1970, the Python team stayed at the Gleneagles Hotel in Torquay, which subsequently provided John Cleese with the inspiration for Fawlty Towers.
The town has also been used for filming by
Spike Milligan, Little and Largeand Dick Emery. Oldway Mansionwas used as a location for " Isadora" (1968), a film about the dancer Isadora Duncan.
Torbay Picture House
* [http://www.paigntonzoo.org.uk Paignton Zoo]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Paignton — Die Küste in Paignton bei Hochwasser Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Paignton — (spr. pēnt n), Stadt und Badeort in Devonshire (England), an der Torbai, dicht bei Torquay, hat eine alte, meist gotische Kirche, eine neue gotische Kirche, ein Rathaus, eine Gewerbeschule und (1901) 8385 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Paignton — (spr. pehnt n), Hafenort in der engl. Grafsch. Devonshire, an der Torbai, (1901) 8385 E.; Badeort … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Paignton — 50°25′12″N 3°33′36″O / 50.42, 3.56 … Wikipédia en Français
Paignton — Original name in latin Paignton Name in other language Paignton, Pehjnton, Pejnton, Pejntun, pei en dun, pyntwn, Пейнтон, Пейнтън, Пејнтон, Пэйнтон State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 50.43565 latitude 3.56789 altitude 8… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Paignton rowing club — Paignton Amateur Rowing Club (PARC) is situated in Paignton, England.PARC is both a Fine boat and Gig rowing rowing club. In 2008, it owned 11 fine boats, one plastic gig (Evans Above) and one wooden racing gig (Top Catch). Club Colours The club… … Wikipedia
Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway — Heritage Railway name = Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway locale = Paignton, Devon, England terminus = Kingswear builtby = Dartmouth and Torbay Railway originalgauge = RailGauge|ussg preservedgauge = RailGauge|ussg linename = Kingswear branch… … Wikipedia
Paignton Rugby Football Club — Rugby team teamname = Paignton imagesize = union = RFU fullname = Paignton Rugby Football Club nickname = shortname = country countryflagvar = rugby founded = 1873 region = ground = Queen s Park capacity = chairman = ceo = president = captain =… … Wikipedia
Paignton railway station — Infobox UK station name = Paignton locale = Paignton borough = Torbay latitude = 50.43489 longitude = 3.56489 manager = First Great Western platforms = 3 code = PGN original = Dartmouth and Torbay Railway pregroup = Great Western Railway… … Wikipedia
Paignton Zoo — Infobox zoo zoo name=Paignton Zoo Environmental Park logo=Paignton zoo logo.jpg logo width=128 logo caption=Paignton Zoo logo date opened=1923 location=Paignton, Devon, England area=80 acres (0.324 km²)… … Wikipedia