Lisp


Lisp

DiseaseDisorder infobox
Name = Lisp
ICD10 = ICD10|F|80|8|f|80
ICD9 = ICD9|307.9
A lisp (OE "wlisp", stammering)"Concise English Dictionary" Wordsworth Editions Ltd. 1994, ISBN 1-85326-328-1] is a speech impediment, historically also known as sigmatism.cite web| url=http://members.tripod.com/Caroline_Bowen/lisping.htm| title=Lisping - when /s/ and /z/ are hard to say
first=Caroline
last=Bowen
accessdate=2006-03-07
] Stereotypically, people with a lisp are unable to pronounce sibilants (like the sound [Voiceless alveolar fricative|IPA| [s] ] ), and replace them with interdentals (like the sound [Voiceless dental fricative|IPA| [θ] ] ), though there are actually several kinds of lisp. The result is that the speech is unclear.

* "Interdental" lisping is produced when the tip of the tongue protrudes between the front teeth and "dentalised" lisping is produced when the tip of the tongue just touches the front teeth.

* The "lateral" lisp, where the IPA|/s/ and IPA|/z/ sounds are produced with air escaping over the sides of the tongue, is also called 'slushy ess' or a 'slushy lisp' due to the wet, spitty sound. The symbols for these lateralized sounds are in the Extended International Phonetic Alphabet for speech disorders, IPA| [ʪ] and IPA| [ʫ] . Notably, former mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani has this type of lisp. [cite web |url=http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/08/20/070820fa_fact_boyer/ |title=Mayberry Man |accessdate=2008-07-31 |last=Boyer |first=Peter J. |date=2007-08-20 |work=newyorker.com |publisher=CondéNet Inc ]

* Finally, there is the "palatal lisp," where the speaker attempts to make the sounds with the tongue in contact with the palate.

ee also

*Speech sound disorder
*Stuttering
*Gay lisp
*Rapper's Lisp

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lisp — Lisp, v. t. 1. To pronounce with a lisp. [1913 Webster] 2. To utter with imperfect articulation; to express with words pronounced imperfectly or indistinctly, as a child speaks; hence, to express by the use of simple, childlike language. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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