Patriarchate of Peć


Patriarchate of Peć

The Patriarchate of Peć (Serbian: Пећка патријаршија or "Pećka Patrijaršija"; Albanian: "Patrikana e Pejës") is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near Peć, in the disputed Serbian province of Kosovo. [See also: International reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.] The complex of churches is the spiritual seat and mausoleum of the Serbian archbishops and patriarchs.

On July 13, 2006 it was placed on UNESCO's World Heritage List as an extension of the Visoki Dečani site which was overall placed on the List of World Heritage Sites in danger.

Foundation

The precise date of the foundation of the Patriarchate is unknown. It is thought that while Saint Sava was still alive that the site became a "metoh" (land owned and governed by a monastery) of Žiča monastery, then the seat of the Serbian archbishopric.

Archbishop Arsenije I built the Church of the Holy Apostles, as he wanted the seat of the Serbian Church to be at a more secure location and closer to the centre of the country. Soon, around 1250, he ordered it decoration. Archbishop Nikodim I built the Church of Saint Demetrius around 1320, north of the other church. A decade later, around 1330, his successor, Archbishop Danilo II built a third church, south of the original one - the Church of the Holy Virgin Hodegetria to the south of which he added the small Church of Saint Nicholas. In front of the three main churches, he then raised a monumental narthex. In front of the narthex he built a tower. In the time of Archbishop Joanakije II, around 1345, the hitherto undecorated Church of Saint Demetrius was decorated with frescoes.

During the 14th century, small modifications were made to Church of the Holy Apostles, so some parts were decorated later. From the 13th to the 15th century, and in the 17th century, the Serbian Patriarchs and Archbishops of Peć were buried in the churches of the Patriarchate.

Restoration

Restoration of the complex began in June 2006 and was completed in November 2006. The main aim was to protect the complex from the weather, as well as to repair the inner walls and exterior appearance. Two previously unknown frescoes were uncovered on the north facade of the Church of St. Demtrios, of a Serbian queen and nobleman. [http://www.kosovo.net/news/archive/2006/November_14/4.html]

Gallery

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See also

*Serbian Orthodox Church
*Patriarchs of Serbia (Archbishops of Peć)
*Serbs in Kosovo

References and notes

External links

* [http://www.rastko.org.yu/kosovo/pecarsija/ Official presentation of the Patriarchate of Peć]
* [http://www.kosovo.net Official Kosovo-Metohia site of Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raška and Prizren]
* [http://www.eparhija-prizren.com Official site of Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raška and Prizren]
* [http://www.spc.yu/ Official site of the Serbian Orthodox Church]
* [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Monasteries/Pec/index.html Serbian Unity Congress]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/173.gifMap - Area under jurisdiction of Patriarchate of Peć in the 17th century]


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