- Osaka Station
Infobox japan station
caption=Osaka Station JR Kyoto Line platform sign
West Japan Railway Company
Tōkaidō Main Line JR Kobe Line JR Kyoto Line JR Takarazuka Line
Via Osaka Loop Line
Osaka Loop Line Yamatoji Line JR Yumesaki Line
Other connecting lines at ja-stalink|Umeda, ja-stalink|Higashi-Umeda, ja-stalink|Nishi-Umeda and
Although it is officially served by only the JR Kobe/Kyoto Lines (Tōkaidō Main Line) and the
Osaka Loop Line, Osaka is the starting point of JR Takarazuka Lineservice, and serves as the terminal for trains bound for the San'in regionvia JR Takarazuka Lineand the Hokuriku regionvia JR Kyoto Line, while offering connections to trains bound for Nara, Wakayama and Kansai International Airportvia the Osaka Loop Line. Umeda Station(Hankyu, Hanshin, and Osaka Municipal Subway Midosuji Line), Nishi-Umeda Station(Subway Yotsubashi Line) and Higashi-Umeda Station(Subway Tanimachi Line) are directly connected to Osaka Station, and Kitashinchi Stationon the JR Tozai Lineis within walking distance.
Osaka Station also houses a large freight terminal complex and a terminal for overnight bus services to other cities in Japan.
Osaka Station opened on
May 11, 1874as one of first railway stations in the Kansai regionwhen the railway between Osaka and Kobe started operation. It was electrified along with the Tōkaidō Main Linein 1934.
The existence of the station naturally made the area the primary transportation hub of the city. Railways that set Osaka Station as the terminal or built their terminal around Osaka Station include Osaka Railway (present-day east half of the
Osaka Loop Line) in 1895, Nishinari Railway (west half of the Osaka Loop Line) in 1898, Hanshin Electric Railway in 1906, Minoo Arima Electric Tramway ( Hankyu Railway) in 1910, and Osaka Municipal Subwayin 1933. The regional railways tended to name their stations Umeda, the name of area, rather than the city name.
The air raids in
World War IIflattened the blocks in front of the station. Immediately after the war the area turned into a huge black market, the atmosphere of which remained until the redevelopment in 1970s.
The station building was rebuilt in 1901, 1940 and 1979 (north building). In 1983, a
high-risebuilding, Acty Osaka, which housed a department store and a hotel, was added to the south of the station. Currently (as of 2007) the new building is under construction to replace the north building.
*There are 5
island platforms with 10 tracks on the second floor.
*Acty Osaka (
DaimaruUmeda, Hotel Granvia Osaka)
Hankyu Department Stores, Inc.
Hanshin Department Store
*Mainichi Broadcasting System, Inc.
**TOHO Cinemas Umeda
*Yodobashi Umeda (
Yodobashi CameraMultimedia Umeda, etc.)
*Umeda DT Tower
*Osaka Ekimae Buildings
*the Hilton Plaza East
*the Hilton Plaza West
*Osaka Garden City
***Osaka Shiki Theatre
***Billboard live Osaka
*Shin Umeda City
Umeda Sky Building
**the Westin Osaka
*Osaka Central Post Office
-!colspan=5|West Japan Railway Company (JR West)
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