- Kugelberg-Welander disease
Name = Kugelberg-Welander disease / Spinal Muscular Atrophy type 3
ICD10 = ICD10|G|12|1|g|10
ICD9 = ICD9|335.11
OMIM = 158600
eMedicineSubj = pmr
eMedicineTopic = 62
DiseasesDB = 12315
MeshID = D014897
Kugelberg-Welander disease (also known as juvenile spinal muscular atrophy, spinal muscular atrophy type IIIcite journal |author=Kuru S, Sakai M, Konagaya M, Yoshida M, Hashizume Y, Saito K |title=An autopsy case of spinal muscular atrophy type III (Kugelberg-Welander disease) |journal=Neuropathology |volume= |issue= |pages= |year=2008 |month=April |pmid=18410269 |doi=10.1111/j.1440-1789.2008.00910.x |url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1789.2008.00910.x] ) is an
autosomal recessivemuscular disease. It is a form of spinal muscular atrophy, or SMA.
It is also known as "hereditary proximal spinal muscular atrophy".cite journal |author=Garvie JM, Woolf AL |title=Kugelberg-Welander syndrome (hereditary proximal spinal muscular atrophy) |journal=Br Med J |volume=1 |issue=5501 |pages=1458–61 |year=1966 |month=June |pmid=5933049 |doi= |url=]
It is named for
Erik Kugelbergand Lisa Welander. [WhoNamedIt|synd|1234] cite journal |author=Kugelberg E, Welander L |title=Heredofamilial juvenile muscular atrophy simulating muscular dystrophy |journal=AMA Arch Neurol Psychiatry |volume=75 |issue=5 |pages=500–9 |year=1956 |month=May |pmid=13312732 |doi= |url=]
It appears between 2 and 17 years of age, and include abnormal manner of walking; difficulty running, climbing steps or rising from a chair and slight
tremorof the fingers.
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive and includes treating
pneumonia, curvature of the spine and respiratory infections if present. Also, physical therapy, orthoticsupports, and rehabilitationare useful. Genetic counselingis imperative.
Children with Kugelberg-Welander disease / spinal muscular atrophy type 3 may appear "normal" until they are five or 10 or even older. These children achieve independent walking and their weakness may be so mild that medical attention is not sought for years. Many children have a very benign course and may remain ambulatory for decades after the onset of symptoms. Other patients exhibit slowly progressive symptoms resulting in a loss of independent walking. Respiratory complications are uncommon and swallowing problems are rarely encountered.
* [http://www.fightsma.org Fight SMA / Andrew's Buddies]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kugelberg-Welander disease — Ku·gel·berg Wel·an·der disease kü gəl .bərg vel ən dər n muscular weakness and atrophy that is caused by degeneration of motor neurons in the ventral horn of the spinal cord, is usu. inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, and that becomes… … Medical dictionary
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Kugelberg — Eric, Swedish neurologist, 1913–1983. See K. Welander disease, Wohlfart K. Welander disease … Medical dictionary
Welander — Lisa, Swedish neurologist, *1909. See Kugelberg W. disease, Wohlfart Kugelberg W. disease … Medical dictionary
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Atrophy — Wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is wasting of muscle, decrease in muscle mass. A nerve can also show atrophy. For example, atrophy of the optic nerve diminishes vision. * * * A wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body, as from… … Medical dictionary
spinal muscular atrophy — n any of several inherited disorders (as Kugelberg Welander disease) that are characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in muscular weakness and atrophy and that in some forms (as Werdnig Hoffmann disease)… … Medical dictionary
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