- Peter II of Portugal
Peter II (Portuguese "Pedro", pronounced|ˈpedɾu), "the Pacific" (Port. "o Pacífico") (
April 26, 1648– December 9, 1706), Regent (1668–1683) and 23rd (or 24th according to some historians) King of Portugaland the Algarves (1683–1706).
The youngest son of João IV and being created
Duke of Beja, he was appointed regent for his insane brother, Afonso VI, in 1668, shortly after Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence. Peter first locked his brother away, but came to the throne in his own right after Afonso's death in 1683. Around this time, the discovery of silvermines in Brazilenlarged Peter's treasury to the extent that he was able to dismiss the Cortesin 1697 and rule without its revenue grants for the rest of his reign.
Initially Peter supported
Francein the War of Spanish Succession(1702 - 1715), but on May 16, 1703, Portugal and Britain signed the famous Methuen Treaty. This trade accord granted mutual commercial privileges for Portuguese wineand English textiletraders and would later give Britain huge clout in the Portuguese economy. This was followed in December 1703 by a military alliance between Portugal, Austriaand Great Britain for an invasion of Spain. Portuguese and Allied forces, under the command of the Marquês das Minas, captured Madridin 1706, during the campaign which ended in the Allied defeat at Almansa.
Peter not only inheritied his brother's throne but also married his wife, Queen
Marie-Françoise of Savoy(1646 +1683). They had one daughter, Princess Isabella Louise (1669-90), princess of Beira and heiress-presumptive, a.k.a "a Sempre-Noiva" " ("the ever-engaged"), because of the many marriage projects intended for her that were never completed. The Queen, apparently incapable of birthing more offspring, died as late as in 1683, 14 years after Isabella's birth, and because the Princess was a fragile and sick child, the King decided to marry again.
The chosen bride was Maria Sophia (1666-1699), daughter of Phillip William of
Neuburg. Among Sophia's sisters were Eleonor Madeleine, wife of Leopold I of Austriaand Maria Anna, second wife of Charles II of Spain.
This marriage was concluded, and the couple had six children, including the new viable heir to the throne, the younger John, who eventually succeeded his father, after his death in 1706, as King
John V of Portugal.
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1= Peter II of Portugal
John IV of Portugal
Luisa of Medina-Sidonia
Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza
Ana de Velasco y Girón
Juan Manuel de Guzmán El Bueno, Duke of Medina-Sidonia
Juana Lourença Gómez de Sandoval y la Cerda
8= John I, Duke of Braganza
9= Infanta Catarina, Duchess of Braganza
Juan Fernández de Velasco, Duke of Frias
Ana Ángela de Aragón y Guzmán
12=Alonso de Guzmán El Bueno, Duke of Medina-Sidonia
Ana de Sylva y Mendoza
Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, Duke of Lerma
Catarina de Lacerda
Marriages and descendants
Peter married first to his sister-in-law
Marie-Françoise of Savoyin 1666 who gave him a daughter. He married again in 1687, this time to Maria Sophia of Neuburgand she gave him several children. Outside his marriages Peter had 3 illegitimate children.
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