- Sobeslaus I, Duke of Bohemia
Soběslav I Oldřich (died
14 February 1140) was one on Bohemia's greatest leaders. He reigned as duke from 1125 to 1140. He was the youngest son of Vratislaus II, the last Bohemian duke to also rule as king.
Soběslav was duke of
Brnoand Znojmofrom 1115 to 1123. He succeeded to the ducal throne only after the death of his brother, Vladislav I. Throughout his reign, he continued to possess the Moravian duchy of Olomouc. Soběslav was also a nationalist partisan and not an ally of the Holy Roman Empire. He was an adversary of the German monarchy throughout his reign and began by using the divisiveness of the election of Lothair of Supplinburgto further Bohemian independence.
When Soběslav decided to withdraw Otto II the Black from Olomouc, one of the Moravian dukedoms, the despoiled prince recoursed to the emperor. Lothair declared that no one could succeed to Bohemia without imperial investiture and proceeded to invade on behalf of Otto, whom he intended to place on the throne. Such, however, was dangerous to the interests of the local nobility and they rallied around Soběslav. On
18 February 1126, a battle occurred near Chlumec, a frontier fortress, between the German and Moravian troops of Lothair and the majority of the Czechs. Soběslav routed Lothair and Otto was even killed in battle. However, the relationship between the two countries returned to the former vassal- suzerainrelation.
Soběslav, however, was undermined in Bohemia by his nephew, Bretislaus, son of Bretislaus II. Bretislaus had the support of the Moravian dukes,
Conrad II of Znojmoand Vratislaus II of Brno. He also had the support of the church party under Meinhard, bishop of Prague. In June 1130, the conspiracy was discovered and thwarted with much bloodshed. The dukes survived and continued to rule, but Bretislaus was blinded. Conrad III of Germanytried to amend relations between the two thrones of Bohemia and Germany. He gave Sobeslav the hereditary dignity of archcupbearerof the Empire. His reign saw the foundation of many new German colonies in Czech lands. He died on 14 February 1140in Hostinev Hradek.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sobeslaus II, Duke of Bohemia — Sobeslav II, called Prince of the Peasants or King of the Peasants , was the duke of Bohemia from 1173 to 1179. He was the second son of Sobeslav I. Supported by neither noblesse nor emperor, he was backed solely by the lowest classes. In 1172,… … Wikipedia
Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia — Vratislaus I of Bohemia, liber depictus, Český Krumlov, 14th century Vratislaus (or Wratislaus) I (Czech: Vratislav I) (c. 888 – February 13, 921), a scion of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 915 to 921. He was the son of Duke… … Wikipedia
Conrad II, Duke of Bohemia — Conrad II Otto (Czech: Konrád Ota) (died 9 September 1191) was a member of Přemyslid dynasty, son of Duke Conrad II of Znojmo. He was the duke of Znojmo from 1177 until he was made margrave of Moravia from 1182 to 1186. He was then duke of… … Wikipedia
Conrad I, Duke of Bohemia — Conrad I of Brno (Czech: Konrád I. Brněnský) (died 6 September 1092) was the duke of Bohemia for eight months in 1092. He was the brother and successor of Vratislaus II (died 14 January 1092). He was the third son of Bretislaus I and Judith of… … Wikipedia
Oldrich, Duke of Bohemia — Oldrich redirects here. For the 1,000 year old oak tree, see Oldřich Oak. Oldrich (also Ulrich or Oldřich) (ca. 975 – 11 November 1034) was the duke of Bohemia from 1012 to 1033 and briefly in 1034. He was a son of Boleslaus II and brother of… … Wikipedia
Maria of Bohemia (d. aft. 1172) — Maria of Bohemia (c. 1124 or 1125 – 1160 or 1172) was the only daughter of Duke Sobeslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, and his wife Adelaide of Hungary, the granddaughter of Géza I of Hungary. Maria was Margravine of Austria and Duchess of Bavaria by her… … Wikipedia
Maria of Bohemia — or Maria Přemyslidka may refer to: Maria of Bohemia, Margravine of Baden (c. 1124 or 1125 d. 1160 or 1172), daughter of Sobeslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, wife of Hermann III, Margrave of Baden and Leopold IV, Margrave of Austria Maria of Bohemia,… … Wikipedia
List of rulers of Bohemia — Monarchy of Bohemia Former Monarchy Co … Wikipedia
Wenceslaus I of Bohemia — For the earlier duke of Bohemia, see Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia. Wenceslaus I of Bohemia King of Bohemia Seal of Wenceslaus I Reign 1230–1253 Coronation … Wikipedia
Ottokar I of Bohemia — Duke and King of Bohemia Tombstone of Ottokar I. Reign I. 1192 1193 II. 1197 1230 … Wikipedia