Sanskrit: परिक्षित्, IAST: Parikṣit, with the alternative form: परीक्षित्, IAST: Parīkṣit) is in the Mahābhārataepic the successor of Yudhisthirato the throne of Hastinapura. His name came from the Sanskrit verb root परि-क्षि "pari-kṣi" = "around-possess" (or, less likely here, "around-destroy").
Alternate modern, not all of them correct as regards the original Sanskrit, spellings of his name are Pariksita, Pariksit, Parikshat and Parikshita. His name is a common
Hinduname across Indiatoday.
He was also referred to as the "King of the Kurus".
Parikshit is the son of Uttara, the
Matsyaprincess and Abhimanyu, the Vrishnison of Arjuna. He is born only after the end of the war.
Uttara is carrying their son in her womb when Abhimanyu is mercilessly and unfairly slain by the
Kauravas. Later, Ashwathamaattempts to kill the unborn child and his mother by directing the " brahmastra" towards her tent off the battlefields. She is saved by Lord Krishna, who was also the maternal uncle of Abhimanyu(Arjuna's wife Subhadrawas the sister of Lord Krishnaand mother of Abhimanyu.)
Prophecy of Life
The chief priest
Dhaumyapredicts to king Yudhisthira after Parikshit's birth that he will be a great devotee of the Supreme Lord Vishnu, and since he was saved by the Lord Krishna, he will be known as "Vishnurata" ("One who is always protected by the Lord").
Dhaumya Rishi predicts that Parikshit would be ever-devoted to virtue, religious principles and the truth and would be a wise monarch, exactly as
Ikshvakuand Ramaof Ayodhya. He would be as exemplary a warrior as Arjuna, his own grandfather, and would expand the fame of his family.
He is given the name "Parikshit" as he would search and test for the Supreme Lord, whom he had witnessed as an unborn child, across the world and within every human being.
King of Hastinapura
Upon the commencement of the
Kali yuga, the dark age of sin, and the departure of Krishna Avatarafrom the world, the five Pandava brothers retire. Young Parikshit is duly invested as king, with Kripaas his counselor. He performed three aswamedha yajnas under the guidance of Kripa.
Once Parikshit went hunting in the forest, the demon Kali (not the goddess
Kālī), the embodiment of Kali Yuga, appeared before him and asked permission to enter his kingdom, which the king denied. Upon insisting, Parikshit allowed him four places to reside: where there is gambling, alcoholconsumption, prostitution, and gold. Kali smartly entered into Parikshit's golden crown and spoiled his thoughts.
Parikshit entered the hut of a sage named Samika as he was thirsty. He found the sage in deep meditation. He bowed to him several times but as there was no response he took a dead snake and threw it around the sage's neck. Later when the sage's son, Sringin, heard of this incident he cursed the king to die of snake bite on the 7th day.
On hearing this, the king forswore the throne for his son
Janamejayaand spent his last 7 days listening to the discourses of Sage Sukadeva on Bhagavata. As prophesied, the snake king Takshaka bit Parikshit, who left his mortal remains behind and attained salvation.
Other thesis say that Kali had entered the gold and thus creating man's desire for gold. Parikshit had gone hunting into the forest. He stops at one point and gets into the lake for a bath. He removes his crown and keeps it on the bank of river. Takshaka, a naga king sees the golden crown and desires to get it. He steals the crown, but he was got by Parikshit guards. Parikshit jails him. On his release Takshaka avenges Parikshit and kills him mercilessly.
On hearing this, Parikshit's son
Janamejayavows to kill all the naga in a week. Janamejaya starts his killing spree of naga. He brutally murders Takshaka. Asthika, a close friend of Janamejaya, minister and a philosopher comes to know of Janamajaya's act and stops him.
* [http://moralstories.wordpress.com/2006/05/25/anger-is-ones-greatest-enemy/ Story of the great Parikshit maharaja]
* [http://www.dharmakshetra.com/sages/Parikshit.htm Parikshit]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
pārīkshit — पारीक्षित् … Indonesian dictionary
Hotel Parikshit Palace — (Нью Дели,Индия) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: A 15,Gali no.2 … Каталог отелей
Parīkṣit — En el marco de la mitología hindú, Paríkshit fue un legendario rey, sucesor de Iuddhi Shtira en el trono de la ciudad de Jastina Pura. Paríkshit representado por una marioneta de wayang javanés. परीक्षित् o परिक्षित् en escritura devánagari.… … Wikipedia Español
Bhagavata Purana — Not to be confused with Devi Bhagavata Purana. Krishna lifting Mount Govardhan to shelter his friends from a thunderstorm unleashed by Indra. (Bh. P. X.17) The Bhāgavata Purāṇa (Devanāgarī … Wikipedia
Characters of Hindu mythology — This article tries to compile and classify the prominent personalities of ancient India that find mention in more than one source of Sanskrit/Vedic literature like the two Hindu Ithihasas viz the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, the Puranas and the… … Wikipedia
Kuru Kingdom — The Kuru kingdom was ruled by the Kuru clan of kings. The Pandavas and Kauravas were Kurus. Other than these Kurus of India, there was another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. The Kuru kingdom of India lay between Saraswati… … Wikipedia
Kali (demon) — Hdeity infobox Image size =150px Caption =Kali (right) wielding a sword Name =Kali Devanagari =कलि Kannada = Sanskrit Transliteration = Káli Pali Transliteration = Tamil script = Script name = Script = Affiliation = Demon and negative… … Wikipedia
Koch Hajo — was the eastern portion of the Kamata kingdom of medieval Assam that Nara Narayan handed over to Raghudev (son of Chilarai) to govern, fixing the Subansiri river as the boundary between the western and the eastern portions. After the death of… … Wikipedia
Mahabharata — This article is about the Sanskrit epic. For other uses, see Mahabharata (disambiguation). Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra … Wikipedia
Guruvayur Temple — The Guruvayur Shri Krishna Temple ( ml. ഗുരുവായൂര് ശ്രീകൃഷ്ണ ക്ഷേത്രം) is one of the most famous temples in India. It is located in the town of Guruvayur in Thrissur district of Kerala. The presiding deity is Shri Krishna, in the standing… … Wikipedia