- Andronikos IV Palaiologos
Andronikos IV Palaiologos or Andronicus IV Palaeologus (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος, "Andronikos IV Paleologos",
April 2, 1348– June 28, 1385), was Byzantine emperorfrom 1376 to 1379.
Andronikos IV Palaiologos was the eldest son of Emperor
John V Palaiologosby his wife Helena Kantakouzene. His maternal grandparents were John VI Kantakouzenosand Irene Asanina.
Although he was associated as co-emperor by his father since the early 1350s, Andronikos IV rebelled when the Ottoman sultan
Murad Iforced John V into vassalage in 1373. Andronikos IV had allied with Murad's son who was rebelling against his own father, but both rebellions failed. Murad I blinded his son and demanded that John V have Andronikos IV blinded as well, but John V blinded Andronikos in only one eye.
In July 1376 the Genoese helped Andronikos to escape from prison. He went straight to sultan
Murad II, and agreed to return Gallipoliin return for his support. Gallipoli had been retaken by the Byzantines ten years before, with the assistance of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy. The sultan duly provided a mixed force of cavalry and infantry and with these Andronicus was able to take control of Constantinople. Here he was able to capture and imprison both John Vand his son Manuel.
However, he made the mistake of favouring the Genoese too highly by awarding them
Tenedos. The governor, however, refused to hand it over, and passed it on to Venice. In the same year 1377 he crowned his young son John VIIas co-emperor. However in 1379 John and Manuel escaped to sultan Murad, and with the assistance of the Venetians overthrew Andronicus later in the year. The Venetians restored John V to the throne, with Manuel II. Andronicus fled to Galata, and stayed there until 1381, when he was once again made co-emperor and heir to the throne despite his treachery. Andronikos IV was also given the city of Selymbria ( Silivri) as his personal domain, however he predeceased his father here in 1385, never to rule as legitimate emperor.
By his wife
Keratsa of Bulgaria(nun Makaria), a daughter of Emperor Ivan Alexander of Bulgariaand his second wife Sarah-Theodora, Andronikos IV had several children, including:
John VII Palaiologos, emperor in 1390
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1= 1. Andronikos IV Palaiologos
John V Palaiologos
Andronikos III Palaiologos
Anna of Savoy
John VI Kantakouzenos
Michael IX Palaiologos
Rita of Armenia
Amadeus V, Count of Savoy
11= 11. Maria of Brabant
13= 13. Theodora Palaiologina Angelina Kantakouzene
Andronikos II Palaiologos
Anna of Hungary
18= 18. Levon II of Armenia
19= 19. Keran of Armenia
Thomas II, Count of Piedmont
21= 21. Beatrice di Fieschi
John I, Duke of Brabant
23= 23. Margaret of Flanders
Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria
29= 29. Eirene Palaiologina
Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium", 1991.
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