- Housing association
Housing associations in the
United Kingdomare independent not-for-profit bodies that provide low-cost "social housing" for people in housing need. Any trading surplus is used to maintain existing homes and to help finance new ones. They are now the United Kingdom's major providers of new homes for rent, while many also run shared ownership schemes to help people who cannot afford to buy their own homes outright.
Housing associations provide a wide range of housing, some managing large estates of housing for families, while the smallest may perhaps manage a single scheme of housing for older people. Much of the supported accommodation in the UK is also provided by Housing Associations, with specialist projects for people with mental health or learning disabilities, with substance misuse problems (drugs or alcohol), the formerly homeless, young people, ex-offenders and women fleeing domestic violence.
Funding and regulation
Housing associations are funded and regulated by a variety of organisations, depending on where they are based.
England, housing associations are funded and regulated by the Housing Corporation, a non-departmental public bodyor quangothat reports to the Department for Communities and Local Government.
Northern Ireland, the same role is carried out by the Northern Ireland Housing Executive.
Scotland, this function is fulfilled by Communities Scotland, an executive agency of the Scottish Executive Development Department.
Wales, the regulation and funding of housing associations is carried out by the Welsh Assembly.
Registered Social Landlord (RSL) is the technical name for social landlords that are registered with the Housing Corporation - most are housing associations, but there are also trusts, co-operatives and companies.
Since 2003, in an effort to seek greater value for money, much of the funding by the Housing Corporation for new house building has been channelled to fewer than 80 "developing housing associations" that have achieved "partner status" through Partner Programme Agreements.
There are four industry bodies representing housing associations working in the UK, each covering a respective home nation. They are:
* England -
National Housing Federation(NHF)
* Scotland -
Scottish Federation of Housing Associations(SFHA)
* Wales -
Community Housing Cymru(CHC)
* Northern Ireland -
Northern Ireland Federation of Housing Associations(NIFHA)
The NHF (formerly the National Federation of Housing Associations) claimed that at the start of
2003they had around 1400 non-profit housing organisations in their membership, owning or managing approximately 1.8 million homes across England.
A feature of Housing Associations is that, although the larger Housing Associations usually have paid staff, a committee or board of management made up of volunteers has overall responsibility for the work of the organisation. A board might include residents, representatives from local authorities and community groups, business people and politicians. There are more than 30,000 voluntary board members running housing associations throughout
They first appeared in the second half of the nineteenth century as part of the growth in philanthropic and voluntary organisations brought about by the growth of the
middle classes in the wake of the Industrial Revolution.
Housing associations increased in importance over the last decades of the twentieth century due to changes to council housing brought in by the Thatcher government, when rules were introduced that prevented councils subsidising their housing from local taxes, channeled grants for construction of new Social housing to Housing Associations and allowed Council tenants to buy their homes at a large discount. This, combined with cost-cutting initiatives in local government and a housing benefit scheme that was more generous to housing associations than local authorities, led to many councils transferring their housing stock to housing associations. These organisations are often referred to as Large Scale Voluntary Transfer organisations or Local Housing Companies.
Hornsey Housing Trust
Leeds Federated Housing Association
Granby House (Youlgrave & District) Society Ltd
* [http://www.Housing.org.uk National Housing Federation] (covers England only)
* [http://www.sfha.co.uk Scottish Federation of Housing Associations]
* [http://www.chcymru.org.uk Community Housing Cymru]
* [http://www.nifha.org Northern Ireland Federation of Housing Associations]
* [http://www.housingcorp.gov.uk/index.htm The Housing Corporation]
* [http://www.housingnet.co.uk Housingnet]
* [http://www.lqgroup.org.uk London and Quadrant Housing Group]
* [http://www.mhp-online.co.uk Metropolitan Housing Partnership]
* [http://www.nottinghillhousing.co.uk/ Nottinghill Housing Association]
* [http://www.servitehouses.org.uk Servite Houses]
* [http://www.shla.org.uk Social Housing Law Association]
* [http://www.cih.org Chartered Institute of Housing]
* [http://www.thch.org.uk THCH]
* [http://www.placesforpeople.co.uk Places for People]
* [http://granbyhouse.googlepages.com Granby House]
* [http://topoffer.net/real-estate-directory/regions/europe/united-kingdom/real-estate-associations/housing.html List of UK Housing Associations]
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См. также в других словарях:
housing association — UK US noun [countable] [singular housing association plural housing associations] in the UK, an organization that owns houses for people with low incomes to live in Thesaurus: help with social problemshyponym … Useful english dictionary
housing association — ➔ association * * * housing association UK US noun [C] PROPERTY ► in the UK, an organization that provides houses or apartments for people to rent at low cost: »65% of the housing stock here is owner occupied, with 24% rented from the local… … Financial and business terms
housing association — housing associations N COUNT A housing association is an organization which owns houses and helps its members to rent or buy them more cheaply than on the open market. [BRIT] … English dictionary
housing association — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms housing association : singular housing association plural housing associations in the UK, an organization that owns houses for people with low incomes to live in … English dictionary
housing association — noun Housing association is used before these nouns: ↑tenant … Collocations dictionary
housing association — housing associ.ation n an organization in Britain, formed by a group of people working together to build or buy homes for themselves … Dictionary of contemporary English
housing association — n (in Britain) a local organization that provides rented homes for poorer families, and especially for old, disabled and single people. It also shares the ownership of houses with people who cannot afford to buy a house on their own. Similar… … Universalium
housing association — in the UK, non profit organizations offering a third way outside of the traditional housing provision of the private sector and local government. Originally set up to provide rental accommodation they now also offer a way for people to become… … Geography glossary
housing association — noun (C) an association in Britain, formed by a group of people so that they can build homes for themselves, or can buy homes of their own … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
housing association — /ˈhaʊzɪŋ əsoʊsiˌeɪʃən/ (say howzing uhsohsee.ayshuhn) noun a non profit society or body for constructing, improving or managing houses … Australian-English dictionary