Infobox UK place
map_type= Greater London
constituency_westminster= Lewisham East
constituency_westminster1= Lewisham West and Penge
constituency_westminster2= Lewisham Deptford
Lewisham is a district in south-east
London, Englandand the principal settlement of the London Borough of Lewisham.
It is most likely to have been founded by a pagan Jute, Leof, who settled (by burning his boat) near
St Mary's Church ( Ladywell) where the ground was drier, in the 6th century. As to the etymology of the name, Daniel Lysons(1796) wrote:
"In the most ancient Saxon records this place is called "Levesham", that is, the house among the meadows; "leswe", "læs", "læse", or "læsew", in the Saxon, signifies a meadow, and ham, a dwelling. It is now written, as well in parochial and other records as in common usage, Lewisham." ['Lewisham', The Environs of London: volume 4: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent (1796), pp. 514-36. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45489. Date accessed: 03 October 2007.] 'Leofshema' was an important settlement at the confluence of the rivers Quaggy (from Farnborough) and Ravensbourne (Caesar's Well, Keston), so the village expanded north into the wetter area as drainage techniques improved. In the mid-seventeenth century the then vicar of Lewisham,
Abraham Colfe, built a grammar school, primary schooland six almshouses for the inhabitants. The Earl of Dartmouthbecame the (hereditary) "Viscount Lewisham" in 1711.
The village of Lewisham was originally centred further south around the parish church of St Mary, towards the present site of
University Hospital, Lewisham. The centre migrated north with the coming of the North Kent railwayline to Dartfordin 1849, encouraging commuter housing. Lewisham was administratively part of Kentuntil 1889, and formed part of the Metropolitan Borough of Lewishamin the County of Londonuntil 1965.
High Streetis particularly long and wide for a London suburb.The town centre was hit by a V-1 in 1944 with over 300 fatalities. It devastated the high street, which was not restored into its former glory until the mid 1950's. This horrific event is commemorated by a plaque outside the Lewisham shopping centre (opened in 1977). The Sainsbury store in Lewisham shopping centre was briefly the largest supermarket in Europe. The store still exists today and is small by modern standards. The area at the north end of the High Street was pedestrianised in 1994. It is home to a daily street market and a local landmark, the Clock Tower, completed in 1900 to commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubileein 1897. The policestation, which was opened in 2004 to replace the station in Ladywell, is officially the largest in Europe. There is also another large police station in nearby Catford. There is planned regeneration of Lewisham town centre. [ [http://www.lewisham.gov.uk/Environment/Regeneration/LewishamCentreRegeneration/ Lewisham London Borough Council] - Lewisham town centre regeneration] There is a single skyscraper adjacent to the shopping centre which used to be owned by Citibankuntil they moved to the Docklands.
Almost all of the
SE13Lewisham postcode falls within the London Borough of Lewisham, except for the Coldbath Estate and part of the Orchard Estate along Lewisham Road, which are covered by the London Borough of Greenwich.
Lewisham Cricket Club was one of the most prestigious London sides during the
Victorian era. They played at Lewisham Cricket Ground from 1864, which lay north of Ladywell Road until its closure in the latter part of the 19th century. Lewisham Swimming Club was also very successful with several of their members representing England in water poloand other gymkhanaevents. The club still meet at Ladywell Swimming Baths, one of the public swimming pools in Lewisham which include Downham Health and Leisure Centre, the Bridge in Sydenham, Forest Hill Pools (closed for refurbishment) and Wavelengths in Deptford.
In 1977, the
Battle of Lewisham." ['1997': The Battle of Lewisham URL:http://libcom.org/history/articles/battle-of-lewisham-1977. Date accessed 21 February 2008] (actually in New Cross) saw the biggest street battle against fascists since the Battle of Cable Streetin 1936. Over 10,000 people turned out to oppose a National Frontmarch which was organised on the back of increasing electoral success at that time.
Lewisham boasts three sixth form colleges called
Christ the King Sixth Form College, and [http://www.crossways.ac.uk/ Crossways Academy] . Also, Lewisham Collegeitself has locations across the borough. Lewisham is also home to [http://www.goldsmiths.ac.uk/ Goldsmiths College] and the Laban Dance College (part of Trinity School of music).
Lewisham is a major transport hub, lying on the
A20 roadtowards Doverand at the start of A21 to Hastings, with its own large bus station, railway station and the southern terminus of the Docklands Light Railway. Tube lines run into the north of the borough at New Cross and are due to be expanded south as part of the East London Line extension.
Lewisham Rail Crash
Lewisham is also the site of one of the worst disasters on British Railways in the twentieth century. On 4 December 1957 a crowded steam-hauled passenger express headed for the Kent Coast overran signals at danger in thick fog near St. John's station and crashed into a stationary electric train for the Hayes branch line. The force of the impact brought down an overhead railway bridge onto the wreckage below. An electric multiple unit about to cross the bridge towards Nunhead managed to pull up in time. 90 passengers and crew died in the accident.
Notable former inhabitants
Ginger Baker— drummer, musician
Daniel Bedingfield— singer
Natasha Bedingfield— singer
Rosa May Billinghurst— suffragette
Kate Bush— singer
Emily Wilding Davison- Suffragette born in Blackheath (died at The Epsom Derby)
Walter de la Mare— novelist
Jazz Dhiman— actor
James Elroy Flecker— poet
Julian Gray— footballer
Malcolm Hardee— comedian and compere
Keeley Hazell— model
Jessica Hynescomedienne and actress
Billy Jenkins— jazz and blues guitarist and composer
Frederick Lanchester— car manufacturer
Jude Law— actor and Hollywoodfilm star.
Marie Lloyd— music hall performer (lived at 196 Wickham Terrace, Lewisham Way in the early 1890s)
*Ray Mears — author and TV presenter on the subject of bushcraft
Albert Meltzer— anarchist
Sheree Murphy— actress
Edith Nesbit— writer and Fabian
Peter O'Donnell, creator of Modesty Blaise
Mica Paris— singer
* Petra - First of the
Blue Peter pets
Claudia Patrice— singer and famous "Blind Date Contestant"
Gladys Powers— last female World War Iveteran
Maxi Priest— singer
Louise Redknapp— singer born in Lewisham
David Rocastle— Born in Lewisham, former England and Arsenal football player
Doris Stokes— medium
David Sylvian— singer
Denis Thatcher— born in Lewisham, husband to Margaret Thatcher
*Michael Turner — footballer born in Lewisham
Charley Uchea— "Big Brother" housemate and self-professed South London It girl
Ian Wright— former England football player
Bradley Wright-Phillips— footballer, adopted son of above
Edith Nesbitin "The Wouldbegoods" (1899) wrote:
In London, or at any rate Lewisham, nothing happens unless you make it happen; or if it happens it doesn't happen to you, and you don't know the people it does happen to.
* [http://www.lewishamhistory.org.uk/ Lewisham Local History Society]
* [http://www.libcom.org/history/articles/battle-of-lewisham-1977/ The Battle of Lewisham - an article on london based website libcom.org]
* [http://www.lewishamlawcentre.org.uk Lewisham Law Centre]
* [http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/lewisham/main/index.html Lewisham at Surbubia]
* [http://www.lewisham.myzen.co.uk/gallery Lewisham Photographs]
* [http://www2.lewisham.gov.uk/lbl/LewishamVoices/ Lewisham Voices]
* [http://www.lewisham.gov.uk Lewisham Council]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lewisham — (district londonien) District londonien de Lewisham Géographie Statut London borough Superficie Total Rang: 301e 35,15 km² Démographie … Wikipédia en Français
Lewisham — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Lewisham es un distrito del sureste de Londres, Inglaterra. Es un barrio de clase media alta, donde se encuentra un gran garaje de los Autobuses Metropolitanos de Londres. Destaca por tener el Lewisham College y la… … Wikipedia Español
Lewisham — (spr. lūis hem), Verwaltungsbezirk (metropolitan borough) im SO. Londons, südlich von Deptford und Greenwich, hat (1901) 127,495 Einw. S. Karte »Umgebung von London« … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Lewisham — (spr. lūĭschämm), Vorort von London, im S. von Greenwich, (1901) 127.495 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Lewisham — [lo͞o′i shəm, lo͞o′isəm] borough of SE Greater London, England: pop. 231,000 … English World dictionary
Lewisham — London Borough of Lewisham Lage in Greater London Status London Borough Region … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lewisham — /looh euh sheuhm/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 246,600. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom inner borough of London. Most of Lewisham belongs to the historic county of Kent, although a small area in the northwest… … Universalium
Lewisham — Recorded as Lewisham, and probably Lewsham and Lewsam, this is an English surname. It originates either from Leweston, a village in Dorset, or more likely from the town of Lewisham in the county of Kent, with Lewsam and Lewsham being slang forms … Surnames reference
Lewisham — geographical name borough of SE Greater London, England population 215,300 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Lewisham — Lew•i•sham [[t]ˈlu ə ʃəm[/t]] n. geg a borough of Greater London, England. 231,600 … From formal English to slang