Transport in Russia


Transport in Russia

Rail Transport

* "Total:" 87,157 km
* "broad gauge 1520mm:" 86,200 km (40,300 km electrified): "plus:" additional 30,000 km (industrial non-common carrier lines (2003 figure))
* "narrow gauge 1067mm:" 957 km (on Sakhalin Island)

Rail transport external links

* [http://parovoz.com/maps/supermap/index-e.html Russian, CIS and Baltic Railway Map] (with place names in Russian, but legend in English).

Rapid-transit systems

* Moscow Metro - 12 lines, 172 stations, 278.8 km
* Saint Petersburg Metro - 4 lines, 60 stations, 105.5 km
* Nizhny Novgorod Metro - 1 line, 13 stations, 15.3 km
* Novosibirsk Metro - 2 lines, 12 stations, 14.3 km
* Samara Metro - 1 line, 8 stations, 10.3 km
* Yekaterinburg Metro - 1 line, 8 stations, 8.5 km
* Kazan Metro - 1 line, 5 stations, 7.0 km

Also there is a Metrotram system in Volgograd and three more cities with metro systems under construction:

* Omsk
* Chelyabinsk
* Krasnoyarsk.

Rail links with adjacent countries

Voltage of electrification systems not necessarily compatible.

* Japan - no
* Alaska (United States) - no
* Norway - no — But Proposed Via Finland & Sweden - break of gauge 1524mm/1435mm
* Finland - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Estonia - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Latvia - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Lithuania - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Poland - Yes — Via Kaliningrad Oblast - break of gauge 1524mm/1435mm
* Belarus - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Ukraine - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Georgia - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Azerbaijan - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* Kazakhstan - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* China - Yes - break of gauge 1524mm/1435mm
* Mongolia - Yes — same gauge 1524mm
* North Korea - Yes - break of gauge 1524mm/1435mm

Maps

* [http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/russia.pdf UN Map]

Intercity Buses

* [http://rusavtobus.ru/en Search Engine of Russian intercity buses]

City transport

Moscow transport

* [http://msk.rusavtobus.ru/en Search Engine of Moscow city transport] . This engine provides the fastest and the most comfortable routes of Moscow's transport with detailed information about every route.

Highways

"total:"948,000 km (including 416,000 km which serve specific industries or farms and are not maintained by governmental highway maintenance departments)
"paved:"336,000 km
"unpaved:"612,000 km (including 411,000 km of graveled or some other form of surfacing and 201,000 km of unstabilized earth) (1995 est.)

Inland waterways

Total navigable routes in general use: 101,000 km;
routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet 95,900 km;
routes with night navigational aids 60,400 km;
man-made navigable routes 16,900 km (January 1994 est.)

According to the data of the Maritime Board ("Morskaya Kollegiya") of the Russian Government for 2004, [ [http://www.morskayakollegiya.ru/morsk/morskie_i_rechny/rechnoj_transpor/ Морская коллегия: Речной транспорт] (Maritime Board: River Transport) ru icon] , 136.6 million tons of cargo have been carried that year over Russia's inland waterways, the total cargo transportation volume being 87,556.5 million ton-km. During same year, 53 companies were engaged in carrying passengers over Russia's inland waterways; they transported 22.8 million passengers, the total volume of river passenger transportation being 841.1 million passenger-km.

Pipelines

crude oil 48,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 140,000 km (June 1993 est.)

Major sea ports and harbors

Black Sea and Sea of Azov

Novorossiysk, Rostov-on-Don, Sochi, Tuapse.

Baltic Sea

Baltiysk, Kaliningrad, St. Petersburg, Vyborg, Vysotsk.

White Sea, Barents Sea, and other seas of Arctic Ocean

Arkhangelsk, Dudinka, Igarka, Murmansk, Tiksi, Vitino.

Seas of Pacific Ocean

Kholmsk, Nakhodka, Nevelsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Vanino, Vladivostok, Vostochny Port.

Caspian Sea

Astrakhan, Makhachkala.

Merchant marine

"total:"695 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,920,923 GRT/DWT|4,867,676|metric|first=yes
"ships by type:"barge carrier 1, bulk 19, cargo 379, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 21, combination ore/oil 3, container 25, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 35, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 149, refrigerated cargo 26, roll-on/roll-off 22, short-sea passenger 7 (1999 est.)

Airports

Total airports: 2,743 (2002)

Airports with paved runways

"total:"630
"over 3,047 m:"54
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"202
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"108
"914 to 1,523 m:"115
"under 914 m:"151 (1994 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

"total:"1,887
"over 3,047 m:"25
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"45
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"134
"914 to 1,523 m:"291
"under 914 m:"1,392 (1994 est.)

References


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