- Alexandria Troas
Alexandria Troas ("Alexandria of the
Troad", mod. Eski Stambul) is an ancient Greek city situated on the Aegean coastat nearly the middle of the western side of Turkey, a little south of Tenedos(modern Bozcaada). It is located in the modern Turkish province of Çanakkale.
According to the
Catholic Encyclopedia, this site was first called Sigia; perhaps about 310 BCAntigonus refounded the city as Antigonia Troas. Early in the next century the name was changed by Lysimachusto Alexandria Troas, in memory of Alexander III of Macedon (Pliny, N.H. 5.124 merely states that the name changed from Antigonia to Alexandria). As the chief port of north-west Asia Minor, the place prospered greatly in Roman times, and the existing remains sufficiently attest its former importance. Strabomentions that a Roman colony was created at the location in the reign of Augustus, named Colonia Alexandria Augusta Troas (called simply Troas during this period). Augustus, Hadrianand the rich grammarian Herodes Atticuscontributed greatly to its embellishment; the aqueduct still preserved is due to the latter. Constantine considered making Troas the capital of the Roman Empire.
In Roman times, it was a significant port for travelling between
Anatoliaand Europe. Paul of Tarsus sailed for Europe for the first time from Alexandria (Acts, 16:8-11) and returned there from Europe (and there occurred later the episode of the raising of Eutychus(Acts 20:5-12). Ignatius of Antioch also paused at this city before continuing to his martyrdom at Rome ("Ad Philad". 11.2; "Ad Smyrn". 12.1).
Several of its later
bishops are known: Marinus in 325; Niconius in 344; Sylvanus at the beginning of the fifth century; Pionius in 451; Leo in 787; Peter, friend of the Patriarch Ignatius, and adversary to Michael, in the ninth century. In the tenth century Troas is given as a suffragan of Cyzicusand distinct from the famous Troy( Heinrich Gelzer, "Ungedruckte ... Texte der Notitiae episcopatuum", 552; " Georgii Cyprii descriptio orbis romani", 64); it is not known when the city was destroyed and the diocese disappeared. The city remains a titular seeof the Roman Catholic Church, "Troadensis"; the seat is vacant following the resignation of the last bishop in 1971. [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/d3t88.html]
The site as of|1911|lc=on was covered with
vallonea oaks, and has been much plundered (for example Mehmed IVtook columns to adorn his new Valideh mosque in Istanbul), but the circuit of the old walls can be traced, and in several places they are fairly well preserved. They had a circumference of about ten km, and were fortified with towers at regular intervals. Remains of some ancient buildings, including a bath and gymnasium, can be found within this area. Trajanbuilt an aqueduct which can still be traced. The harbour had two large basins, now almost choked with sand.
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