- List of Australian capital cities
There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level.
Canberraalso serves as the national capital. Melbournewas the national capital from the Federation of Australiain 1901 until 1927, when the seat of national government was moved to the newly created city of Canberra.
In each capital city, local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are performed for the jurisdiction. In the case of state and territory capital cities, they also happen to be the most populous city in their respective jurisdiction. The Australian external territory of
Norfolk Islandalso has an official capital, Kingston, however, this is just where the administrative centre of government is located; the "de facto" capital is Burnt Pine. ["Norfolk Island - Kingston" http://www.pitcairners.org/vt_kingston.html Norfolk Island's Home on the Web]
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