Infobox World Heritage Site
Name = Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

State Party = GRE
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv, vi
ID = 941
Region = Europe and North America
Coordinates = coord|37|35|58|N|22|47|59|E|type:landmark_region:GR
Year = 1999
Session = 2309rd
Link =
Extension =
Danger =

Tiryns (in ancient Greek Τίρυνς and in modern Τίρυνθα) is a Mycenaean archaeological site in the Greek nomos of Argolis in the Peloponnese peninsula, some kilometres north of Nauplion.

Tiryns was a hill fort with occupation ranging back seven thousand years, from the beginning of the Bronze Age. It reached its height between 1400 and 1200 BC. Its most notable features were its palace, its cyclopean tunnels and especially its walls, which gave the city its Homeric epithet of "mighty walled Tiryns". In ancient times, the city was linked to the myths surrounding Heracles, with some sources citing it as his birthplace [http://homepage.mac.com/cparada/GML/Tiryns.html] .

The famous megaron of the palace of Tiryns has a large reception hall, the main room of which had a throne placed against the right wall and a central hearth bordered by four Minoan-style wooden columns that served as supports for the roof. Two of the three walls of the megaron were incorporated into an archaic temple of Hera.

The site went into decline at the end of the Mycenaean period, and was completely deserted by the time Pausanias visited in the 2nd century AD. This site was excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1884-1885, and is the subject of ongoing excavations by the German Archaeological Institute at Athens and the University of Heidelberg.

Tiryns was recognized as one of the World Heritage Sites in 1999.

ee also

*National Archaeological Museum of Athens

External links

* [http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2382 Hellenic Ministry of Culture: Tiryns]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tiryns — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiryns — Tiryns,   mykenische Burg und Stadt in der Argolis, nördlich von Nauplion (Griechenland). Die Burg wurde 1884/85 durch H. Schliemann und W. Dörpfeld, 1905 29 und 1967 86 durch das Deutsche Archäologische Institut in Athen ausgegraben, seit 1967 v …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tiryns — Tiryns, alte Stadt südöstlich von Argos, der Sage nach Sitz des Perseus und Geburtsort des Herakles und von lykischen Kyklopen mit riesigen, zum Teil noch erhaltenen Mauern, in denen Kammern und überdeckte Gänge ausgespart sind, befestigt. In T.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiryns [1] — TIRYNS, this, Gr. Τίρυνς, θος, der Alo Tochter und Schwester des Amphitryons, von welcher die Stadt Tiryns, in Peloponnesus, ihren Namen haben soll. Steph. Byz. in Τίρυνς …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Tiryns — (Tirynth), alte griech. Stadt, in Argolis, 468 v. Chr. von den Argivern zerstört; Ruinen 3 km nördl. von Nauplia. Wichtige Ausgrabungen (alter Königspalast) durch Schliemann 1884 und 1885 (Bericht 1886) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiryns — Tiryns, uralte Stadt in Argolis, nach dem pers. Kriege von den Argivern zerstört; von ihren cyklopischen Mauern sind noch Reste vorhanden …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tiryns — TIRYNS, this, Gr. Τίρυνς, θος, (⇒ Tab. XVIII.) des Argus Sohn und Jupiters Enkel, war der Erbauer der Stadt Tirpnth, von deren Mauern man glaubete, daß sie die Cyklopen aufgeführet, weil sie aus Steinen bestunden, davon den kleinsten kein Paar… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Tiryns — /tir inz/, n. an ancient city in Greece, in Peloponnesus: destroyed in 486 B.C. by the Argives; excavated ruins include Cyclopean walls forming part of a great fortress. * * * Ancient city, eastern Peloponnese, southern Greece. Inhabited from… …   Universalium

  • Tiryns — Sp Tirintas Ap Τίρυνς/Tiryns L ist. mst. PR Graikijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Tiryns — geographical name city of pre Homeric Greece; ruins in E Peloponnese SE of Argos …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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