Heracleidae (play)


Heracleidae (play)

Infobox_Play | name = Heracleidae



caption = Statue of Euripides
writer = Euripides
chorus = aged Athenians
characters = Iolaus
Copreus
Demophon
Macaria
Servant of Hyllus
Alcmene
Messenger
Eurystheus
Acamas
setting = Before the temple of Zeus at Marathon

"Heracleidae" ( _el. Ηρακλείδαι / "Hērakleidai") is a play by Euripides c. 430 BC. It follows the children of Heracles (known as the Heracleidae), as they seek protection from Eurystheus. It is the first of two surviving plays by Euripides where the family of Heracles are suppliants (the second being "Heracles Mad").

Background

Eurystheus was responsible for many of the troubles of Heracles. In order to prevent the sons of Heracles from taking revenge on him, he sought to kill them. The Heracleidae take flight under the protection of Iolaus, Heracles' close friend and nephew.

Plot

The play begins in the altar of Zeus at Marathon. Copreus, working under the orders of Eurystheus, attempts to take the children by force. Demophon, son of Theseus, enters taking the side of Iolaus and protecting the children. Copreus threatens to return with an army. Athens will protect the Heracleidae, but after checking the oracles it is learned that they will only be successful if there is a noble maiden's sacrifice. Demophon explains how he'd like to help, but won't sacrifice his own child or make any of the Athenians do so. A daughter of Heracles, Macaria, then offers herself to be the sacrifice. The sacrifice is made, and Hyllus arrives with reinforcements. Despite being old and feeble, Iolaus insists of going out into the battle. Once out there he miraculously becomes young and captures Eurystheus. They debate executing this prisoner of war, but there is a law against it. Eurystheus tells them a prophecy of how his spirit will protect the city from the descendants of the Heracleidae if they slay and bury him, and so it is done.

Translations

* Edward P. Coleridge, 1891 - prose: [http://classics.mit.edu/Euripides/heracleidae.html full text]
* Arthur S. Way, 1912 - verse
* Ralph Gladstone, 1955 - verse
* David Kovacs, 1994 - prose: [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Eur.+Heraclid.+1 full text]


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