- Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough
The Duke of Marlborough
The Duke of Marlborough, ca. 1900. Paymaster-General In office
1899 – 11 March 1902
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury Preceded by The Earl of Hopetoun Succeeded by Sir Savile Crossley, Bt Under-Secretary of State
for the Colonies
22 July 1903 – 4 December 1905
Monarch Edward VII Prime Minister Arthur Balfour Preceded by The Earl of Onslow Succeeded by Winston Churchill Personal details Born 13 November 1871
Simla, British India
Died 30 June 1934 Nationality British Political party Conservative Spouse(s) (1) Consuelo Vanderbilt
(2) Gladys Deacon
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge
Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough KG, PC (13 November 1871 – 30 June 1934), styled Earl of Sunderland until 1883 and Marquess of Blandford between 1883 and 1892, was a British soldier and Conservative politician. He was often known as "Sunny" Marlborough after his courtesy title of Earl of Sunderland.
Background and education
Born at Simla, India, Marlborough was the only son of George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough, and Lady Albertha Frances Anne, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn. He was a nephew of Lord Randolph Churchill and a first cousin of Winston Churchill. He was educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Cambridge.
Marlborough entered the House of Lords on the early death of his father in 1892 and made his maiden speech in August 1895. In 1899 he was appointed Paymaster-General by Lord Salisbury, a post he held until 1902, and was then Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Arthur Balfour between 1903 and 1905. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1899. He again held political office during the First World War when he was Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries between 1917 and 1918 in David Lloyd George's coalition government. He made his last speech in the House of Lords in December 1931.
Marlborough was also Lord High Steward at the coronation of Edward VII in 1902, Mayor of Woodstock between 1907 and 1908 and Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire between 1915 and 1934. In 1902 he was made a Knight of the Garter.
Marlborough was an officer in the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars and fought in the Second Boer War as a Staff Captain in the Imperial Yeomanry and as Assistant Military Secretary to Lord Roberts; he was mentioned in despatches. He returned to active service in the First World War, when he served as a Lieutenant-Colonel on the General Staff.
Marlborough was married twice. His first wife was the American railroad heiress Consuelo Vanderbilt, whom he married at Saint Thomas Church in New York City, on 6 November 1895. They had two sons, John Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford, eventually the 10th Duke of Marlborough, and Lord Ivor Spencer-Churchill. (Their mother famously referred to them as "the heir and the spare.") The Vanderbilt dowry was used to restore Blenheim Palace and replenish its furnishings and library, as many of the original contents had been sold over the course of the 19th century. Many of the jewels worn by subsequent Duchesses of Marlborough also date from this period. The 9th Duke employed the landscape gardener Achille Duchene to create the water garden on the terrace at Blenheim. However, the couple were divorced in 1921 and the marriage was annulled by the Vatican five years later.
Marlbrough then married another American, Gladys Marie Deacon, in 1921. She was a daughter of Edward Parker Deacon and the former Florence Baldwin. Artistic and a keen gardener, she had enlarged images of her startling blue-green eyes painted on the ceiling of the main portico of Blenheim Palace, where they remain today. Later in their unhappy, childless marriage, she kept a revolver in her bedroom to prevent her husband's entry. The couple separated but never divorced.
At the time of his death, the duke reportedly was negotiating to enter a Catholic religious order in Italy, having converted to that religion late in life.
Ancestors of Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough 16. George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough 8. George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough 17. Lady Susan Stewart 4. John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough 18. George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway 9. Lady Jane Stewart 19. Lady Jane Paget 2. George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough 20. Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry 10. Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry 21. Lady Frances Pratt 5. Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane 22. Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet 11. Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest 23. Anne MacDonnell, 2nd Countess of Antrim 1. Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough 24. John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn 12. James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton 25. Catherine Copley 6. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn 26. The Hon. John Douglas 13. Harriet Douglas 27. Lady Frances Lascelles 3. Lady Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton 28. Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock 14. John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford 29. Lady Elizabeth Keppel 7. Lady Louisa Jane Russell 30. Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon 15. Lady Georgina Gordon 31. Jane Maxwell
- ^ a b c d e f g thepeerage.com Sir Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough
- ^ Churchill (Spencer-Churchill), Charles Richard John, Marquess of Blandford in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ a b hansard.millbanksystems.com Mr Charles Spencer-Churchill
- ^ London Gazette: . 3 February 1899.
- ^ London Gazette: . 13 June 1902.
- ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Sherwood, Jennifer (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 459–475. ISBN 0 14 071045 0.
- ^ Mackenzie Stuart, Amanda (2006). Consuelo and Alva Vanderbilt: The Story of a Daughter and a Mother in the Gilded Age.. HarperCollins.
- ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Gladys deacon.
- ^ The Catholic conversion is referenced by Stuart. Potential entry to a religious order is not. Mackenzie Stuart, Amanda (2006). Consuelo and Alva Vanderbilt: The Story of a Daughter and a Mother in the Gilded Age.. HarperCollins.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough
Political offices Preceded by
The Earl of Hopetoun
Sir Savile Crossley, Bt
The Earl of Onslow
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
Sir Richard Winfrey
Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the
Board of Agriculture and Fisheries
with Sir Richard Winfrey
Sir Richard Winfrey
The Viscount Goschen
Honorary titles VacantTitle last held byThe Earl of Halsbury Lord High Steward
VacantTitle next held byThe Duke of Northumberland Preceded by
The Earl of Jersey
Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
Peerage of England Preceded by
Duke of Marlborough
John Spencer-ChurchillJohn Churchill, 1st Duke (1702-1722) and Sarah Jennings • Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess (1722–1733) • Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke (1733–1758) • George Spencer, 4th Duke (1758-1817) • George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke (1817–1840) • George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke (1840–1857) • John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke (1857–1883) and Frances Vane • George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke (1883–1892) and Albertha Hamilton • Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke (1892–1934) and Consuelo Vanderbilt • John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke (1934–1972) • John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke (1972—) and Rosita Douglas
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