- Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
Wenceslaus II Premyslid ( _cs. Václav II.; _pl. Wacław II Czeski;
September 27[K. Charvátová, "Václav II. Král český a polský", Praha 2007, p. 18.] , 1271 – June 21, 1305) was King of Bohemia(1278 - 1305), Duke of Cracow(1291 - 1305) and crowned King of Poland(1300 - 1305) at Mainz.
He was the only son of King Ottokar II "the Great" of Bohemia and Ottokar's second wife Kunigunda. Kunigunda was the daughter of Rostislav, lord of Slavonia, son of a Grand Duke of
Kievand Anna of Hungary, daughter of Béla IV of Hungary. His great-grandfather was the German king Philip of Swabia. Wenceslaus's father died in battle August 26, 1278, shortly before Wenceslaus's seventh birthday.
Before Wenceslaus became of age, the government was handled by Otto IV Margrave of
Brandenburg, who is said to have held Wenceslaus captive in several locations. Later his mother's secret husband, Záviš of Falkenštejnruled for him.
January 24, 1285, Wenceslaus married Judith of Habsburg, daughter of Holy Roman EmperorRudolf I, to whom he had been betrothed since 1276. In 1290 Wenceslaus had Záviš beheaded for alleged treason and began ruling independently.
Przemysł II, High Duke of Poland, ceded the sovereign duchy of Krakowto Wenceslaus. Krakówwas associated with the overlordship of Poland, but Przemysł held the other duchies and in 1295 was crowned King of Poland. After Przemysł's death in 1296 Wenceslaus became overlord of Poland and in 1300 was in Mainzcrowned King of Poland by German King Albert Iof the Holy Roman Empire. He was planning to invade Austriawhen he died in 1305. He was succeeded by his son, Wenceslaus III (Václav III.), last of the Přemyslid kings in male line.
silverwas discovered at "Hory Kutné" ( Kutná Hora, Kuttenberg) in Central Bohemia. Wenceslaus took control of the mine by making silver production a royal monopoly, and issued the Prague groschenwith became the most popular of the early Groschen-type coins. Kutná Hora was one of the richest European silver strikes ever: between 1300 and 1340, the mine may have produced as much as 20 tons of silver a year.
In 1301, Wenceslaus' kinsman
Andrew III of Hungarydied and with him the Árpád dynastyin male line. Wenceslaus was one of the relatives who claimed the throne, and he accepted it from a party of Hungarians on behalf of his young son in the same year. They never succeeded in having more than a portion of Hungarysubmitted under their rule.
Queen Judith had died in 1297. Wenceslaus's second wife was Elisabeth Richeza, daughter of Przemysł II, King of Poland 1295 - 1296. After Wenceslaus's death, she married Rudolph of Habsburg, duke of Austria, who also became king of Bohemia for a brief period in those unruly years.
He was married twice:
In 1285 in Eger (
Cheb), he married Judith of Habsburg(1271–1297), daughter of Rudolph I of Germanyand his wife Gertrude of Hohenburg. She died shortly after their 10th child was born:
* Přemysl Otakar (
May 6 1288- November 19 1288)
* Wenceslaus III (
October 6 1289– August 4 1306); King of Bohemia, King of Hungaryand King of Poland
* Agnes (
October 10 1290- after 1292)
Anna I of Bohemia(Anna Přemyslovna) ( October 10 1290– September 3 1313), married in 1306 to Henry of Carinthia
Elisabeth I of Bohemia(Eliška Přemyslovna) ( January 20 1292- September 28 1330), married in 1310 to John I of Bohemia
* Guta (
March 3 1293- August 3 1294)
* John (
February 26 1294- March 1 1295)
* John (
February 21 1295- December 6 1296)
Margaret of Bohemia(Markéta Přemyslovna) ( February 211296 - April 8 1322), married to Bolesłaus III Rozrzutny, Duke of Wrocław
* Guta (*†
May 21 1297)
In 1300, he married Elisabeth Richeza (1286 – 1335), daughter of Przemysł II. They had one child:
* Agnes of Bohemia (Anežka Přemyslovna) (
June 15 1305- before January 4 1337), married to Jindřich Javorský
Wenceslaus has also numerous
illegitimatechildren, including Jan Volek (?? - September 27 1351), bishop of Olomouc
Ottokar II of Bohemia
Wenceslaus I of Bohemia
Ottokar I of Bohemia
Constance of Hungary
Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
Philip of Swabia
Kunigunda of Slavonia
Rostislav of Slavonia
Michael of Chernigov
Anna of Hungary
Béla IV of Hungary
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