- Bucknell, Shropshire
Infobox UK place
country = England
population = 642 [cite web | author= | title=Shropshire County Council |url=http://www.shropshire.gov.uk/shropshireccnews.nsf/open/547DA8E6F983040080257219004C70F3| accessdaymonth=20 Nov | accessyear=2007 ] .
region= West Midlands
postcode_district = SY7
Bucknell is a village and
civil parishin South Shropshire, England. The village lies on the River Redlake, within 600 metres of the River Temeand close to the borders with Walesand Herefordshire. It is about six miles east of Knighton and is set within the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
The village has the "P's identified by Country Life as essential to a successful village: a pub, a post office, a place of worship, a primary school and public transport.
The settlement of Bucknell was first mentioned in the
Domesday Book, as 'Buckehale' or 'Buckenhill. At that time, the Shropshireand Herefordshireboundary divided the village. The Norman magnate Roger de Montgomeryheld the village from the King. He built many castles including Montgomery, Shrewsbury, Ludlow, Clun, Hoptonand Oswestry; at the time over 90% of the lordships and manors of Shropshire were held in Chief by him. His under-tenants in this area were Ralph de Mortimer, who held Bucknell (amongst his 123 manors with his chief domain in England being at Wigmore Castle), and William de Picot, (also known as Picot de Say), with his chief domain at Clun Castle.
The earth mound at The Olde Farm in Bucknell is the remains of a Norman
mottecastle situated on the banks of the River Redlake, close to a river crossing point and to the Parish Church. In 1554-55 an Act of Parliamentwas passed transferring the whole of Bucknell to the county of Shropshire. The Lords of the Manorat that time were the Sitwell family.Historically, most of the male population worked in agriculture and timber.
The earliest of the existing buildings date back to the 17th century. The houses were built in a haphazard fashion near the river with easy access to water. The village depended on water from the river and wells until the 1920s when water was piped into the village from a spring above
The houses at the lower end of the village were very susceptible to flooding, and this hazard continued until the ford was walled up in the 1950s.Bucknell had four pubs: "The Sitwell Arms", "The Plough" (just opposite), "The Railway Tavern" and "The Bridge End". The latter three are all now private houses, though a new pub - "the Baron of Beef" is now open.
Bucknell also had a shop and bakery in the Square and its own corn mill which was situated at the west end of the village.
Post officeopened in the mid 19th century. The original post office was just round the corner and still goes by the name of The Old Post Office.The butcher's shop is still on its original site.
Great Wara Memorial Hall was built in the village and still stands. One of those behind its construction was William Burgoyne.
The Old School House was built in the 17th century to provide education for those who could pay for it. The school remained until the present one was built in 1865. The Old School House then became a shop and bakery before becoming a private dwelling. The land upon which the present school was built was given in 1865. The first schoolmaster appointed in 1867 to the new St Mary's
National Schoolwas Mr Henry Evans, 24 years old.The school was extensively re-modelled in 1966 when additional teaching space and a kitchen was added enabling meals to be cooked on the premises.St Mary's school is a maintained Church of England primary schoolwith 43 pupils on roll at January 2004. The age range is 4-11 years. An Independent School, Bedstone College, is also nearby [cite web | author= | title=Bedstone College |url=http://www.bedstone.org/| accessdaymonth=20 Nov | accessyear=2007 ] ..
Places of Worship
There were three places of worship:
*St. Mary's Church
MethodistChapel in Dog Kennel Lane (now a private house); and
Despite more houses, the number of people living in Bucknell has dropped. The population of the village in 1811 Census was 226. At the end of the 19th century this had risen to 546. In the 1981 Census the population of the village was 494; in 1991 the population of the parish (probably including Bedstone) was 601 consisting of some 250 dwellings and in 2001 it was 642 in 294 dwellings.
The village is on the
Heart of Wales Line, and is served by Bucknell railway station[cite web | author= | title=Heart of Wales Line |url=http://www.heart-of-wales.co.uk/| accessdaymonth=20 Nov | accessyear=2007 ] .
* [http://www.bucknellandbedstone.org/ Village website]
Canadian City Geographic Location (8-way)
Northwest = Chapel Lawn
West = Knighton
Southwest = Heartsease
Southeast = Lingen
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