- President of Colombia
President of the Republic of Colombia
Presidente de la República de Colombia
Residence Casa de Nariño Term length Four years Inaugural holder Simón Bolívar Formation 17 December 1819 Salary $23.460.630 ($13.000 USD) Website Presidencia de la República Colombia
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Politics and government of
The President of Colombia (Presidente de la República de Colombia) is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Colombia. The office of president was established upon the ratification of the Constitution of 1819, by the Congress of Angostura, convened in December 1819, when Colombia was part of "la Gran Colombia". The first president, General Simón Bolívar, took office in 1819. His position, initially self-proclaimed, was subsequently ratified by Congress.
The current president of the Republic of Colombia is Juan Manuel Santos.
According to the Colombian Constitution of 1991, Article 188: The President of Colombia is the head of state, head of government and Supreme Administrative Authority. The President of Colombia symbolizes the National Unity and after taking an oath to the Constitution of Colombia and swearing to defend and protect the nation's laws, he is charged to guarantee and protect the Rights and Liberties of all the Colombian nationals. 
The Administrative Department of the Presidency of Colombia has the commission to assist or support the President of Colombia on its constitutional mandated functions and legal issues. 
Colombian Constitution of 1991 Article 115: States that the National Government is formed by the President of Colombia, the Vice President of Colombia, the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Colombia and the Directors of the Administrative Departments of Colombia. Any official from these entities constitute the Government of Colombia in any particular business.
Any act by the President of Colombia, in order to be legal and enforceable, must be sanctioned by any of the ministries or department directors, who will also be held responsible for the act. The only exception is if the President appoints or removes minister, administrative departments' directors and any other officials appointed by him under his administrative authority. Governors of the Departments of Colombia, Mayors of Municipalities of Colombia, as well as regional Superintendents of Colombia, public establishments and industrial and commercial state owned enterprises, are all part of the Executive branch of Colombia.
The Colombian Constitution of 1991, coupled with several articles of amendment, establishes the requirements an eligible candidate must meet in order to become president, as well as the term of office, method of election, and powers.
Requirements for holding office
Term of office and election
The president and vice president serve a term of office of four years after being elected by popular vote. Reelection in Colombia was not allowed until November 24, 2005 when the Colombian Congress approved it by introducing the Electoral Guarantees Law (Ley de Garantias Electorales) which modified Article 152, of the Colombian Constitution of 1991. The President or Vice President desiring a reelection must officially postulate its candidacy in the National Electoral Council and guarantee a fair competition for the other contenders, because of this, participation of acting officials in political proselytism was standardized. If the president or vice president are not running for office they are prohibited from participating on political proselytism. If one or both are participating, he/she is authorized to participate in these activities four months prior to the primary elections. Also, if the president and/or vice president are running for office they will also be authorized to participate in their political party's selection mechanism to postulate candidates. 
In 2010, the Constitutional Court of Colombia threw out a planned referendum to allow presidents to run for three consecutive terms. It ruled that Colombian presidents cannot serve three terms, even if they are nonconsecutive.
Colombian presidential election resultsSummary of the 30 May 2010 and 20 June 2010 Candidates – Parties First round Second round Votes % Votes % Juan Manuel Santos – Social Party of National Unity (Partido de «la U») 6,802,043 46.68 9,028,943 69.13 Antanas Mockus – Green Party (Partido Verde) 3,134,222 21.51 3,587,975 27.47 Germán Vargas Lleras – Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 1,473,627 10.11 Gustavo Petro – Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 1,331,267 9.14 Noemí Sanín – Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 893,819 6.13 Rafael Pardo – Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 638,302 4.38 Róbinson Devia – Voice of Conscience Movement (Movimiento la Voz de la Consciencia) 31,338 0.22 Jairo Calderón – Liberal Opening (Movimiento Apertura Liberal) 29,151 0.20 Jaime Araújo – Afro-Colombian Social Alliance (Alianza Social Afrocolombiano) 14,847 0.10 Total votes for candidates 14,348,616 98.46 12,616,918 96.60 Blank votes 223,977 1.54 444,274 3.40 Total valid votes 14,572,593 100.00 13,061,192 100.00 Null votes 170,874 198,003 Unmarked ballots 37,553 37,729 Total votes cast 14,781,020 13,296,924 Source: Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil, Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil
- List of Presidents of Colombia
- Vice President of Colombia
- Council of Ministers of the Republic of Colombia
- Politics of Colombia
- Presidencia de la Republica de Colombia - Funciones Presidenciales
- Georgetown University - Requisites to be President of Colombia
- Presidencia de Colombia - Ley de Garantias Electorales
Heads of state of Colombia United Provinces
of New Granada
(1810–1816)José Miguel Pey de Andrade · Jorge Tadeo Lozano · Antonio Nariño · Manuel Benito de Castro · Antonio Nariño · Manuel de Bernardo Álvarez del Casal · Camilo Torres Tenorio · José María del Castillo y Rada · Joaquín Camacho · José Fernández Madrid · Custodio García Rovira · Antonio Villavicencio · Manuel Rodríguez Torices · José Miguel Pey de Andrade · Camilo Torres Tenorio · José Fernández Madrid · Custodio García Rovira · Liborio Mejía · Fernando Serrano
Republic of New Granada
(1831–1858)Domingo Caycedo · José María Obando · José Ignacio de Márquez · Francisco de Paula Santander · José Ignacio de Márquez · Domingo Caycedo · Pedro Alcántara Herrán · Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera · José Hilario López · José de Obaldía · José Hilario López · José María Obando · José María Melo · Tomás de Herrera · José de Obaldía · Manuel Maria Mallarino · Mariano Ospina Rodríguez
United States of Colombia
(1863–1886)Francisco Javier Zaldúa · Eustorgio Salgar · Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera · Manuel Murillo Toro · José María Rojas Garrido · Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera · Joaquín Riascos · Santos Acosta · Santos Gutiérrez · Eustorgio Salgar · Manuel Murillo Toro · Santiago Pérez · Aquileo Parra · Julián Trujillo Largacha · Rafael Núñez · Francisco Javier Zaldúa · Clímaco Calderón · José Eusebio Otalora · Ezequiel Hurtado · Rafael Núñez
Republic of Colombia
(1886–2011)José María Campo Serrano · Eliseo Payán · Rafael Núñez · Carlos Holguín Mallarino · Miguel Antonio Caro · Rafael Núñez · Miguel Antonio Caro · Manuel Antonio Sanclemente · José Manuel Marroquín · Rafael Reyes · Jorge Holguín · Ramón González Valencia · Carlos Eugenio Restrepo · José Vicente Concha · Marco Fidel Suárez · Jorge Holguín · Pedro Nel Ospina · Miguel Abadía Méndez · Enrique Olaya Herrera · Alfonso López Pumarejo · Eduardo Santos · Alfonso López Pumarejo · Alberto Lleras Camargo · Mariano Ospina Pérez · Laureano Gómez · Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez · Gustavo Rojas Pinilla · Gabriel París Gordillo · Alberto Lleras Camargo · Guillermo León Valencia · Carlos Lleras Restrepo · Misael Pastrana Borrero · Alfonso López Michelsen · Julio César Turbay Ayala · Belisario Betancur · Virgilio Barco Vargas · César Gaviria · Ernesto Samper · Andrés Pastrana Arango · Álvaro Uribe · Juan Manuel Santos
Presidents of South America Sovereign states
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Falkland Islands
- French Guiana
- Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (Argentina) · Evo Morales (Bolivia) · Dilma Rousseff (Brazil) · Sebastián Piñera (Chile) · Juan Manuel Santos (Colombia) · Rafael Correa (Ecuador) Nicolas Sarkozy (French Guiana) · Bharrat Jagdeo (Guyana) · Fernando Lugo (Paraguay) · Ollanta Humala (Peru) · Dési Bouterse (Suriname) · José Mujica (Uruguay) · Hugo Chávez (Venezuela)
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