- Florida election recount
The Florida election recount of 2000 was a period of vote re-counting that occurred following the unclear results of the 2000 United States presidential election between
George W. Bushand Al Gore, specifically the Florida results. The election was ultimately settled in favor of George W. Bushwhen the Supreme Court, with its final ruling on " Bush v. Gore", stopped the recount, and Bush got a majority of the electoral votes. [ [http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/00-949.ZPC.html George W. Bush, et al., Petitioners v. Albert Gore, Jr., et al.] , 531 U.S. 98 (2000).]
National Opinion Research Centerat the University of Chicago, sponsored by a consortium of major U.S. news organizations, conducted a [http://www.norc.uchicago.edu/fl/index.asp Florida Ballot Project comprehensive review] of all ballots uncounted (by machine) in the Florida 2000 presidential election, both undervotes and overvotes, with the main research aim being to report how different ballot layouts correlate with voter mistakes.
The media companies involved were:
The New York Times"
The Wall Street Journal"
St. Petersburg Times"
The Palm Beach Post"
The Washington Post"
Los Angeles Times"
The Baltimore Sun"
Although the NORC study was not primarily intended as a determination of which candidate "really won", analysis of the results, given the hand counting of machine-uncountable ballots due to various types of voter error, indicated that they would lead to differing results, reported in the newspapers which funded the recount, such as "
The Miami Herald" () or the " Washington Post". [http://www.aei.org/docLib/20040526_KeatingPaper.pdf]
The media reported the results of the study during the week after
November 12, 2001.The results of the study showed that had the limited county by county recounts requested by the Gore team been completed, Bush would still have been the winner of the election. The recount also showed that had there been a full statewide recount of all counties, Al Gorewould have received more votes than Bush. However, neither campaign requested such a total statewide recount, and it was never formally carried out.
The media recount study found that under the system of limited recounts in selected counties as was requested by the Gore campaign, the only way that Gore would have won was by using counting methods that were never requested by any party, including "overvotes" — ballots containing more than one vote for an office. While some of these ballots recorded votes for two separate candidates, a significant number (20% in Lake County, for example) were cases of a voter voting for a candidate and then also writing in that same candidate's name on the write-in line. A judge supervising the recount told the Orlando Sentinel that he had been open to the idea of examining the overvotes, and had been planning to discuss the matter at a hearing when the US Supreme Court stopped the recount. According to
Mickey Kausof Slate.com(emphasis in original), "If the recount had gone forward Judge Lewis might well have counted the overvotes in which case Gore might well have won." [" [http://www.slate.com/?id=2058603 Everything the New York Times Thinks About the Florida Recount Is Wrong!] ", Mickey Kaus, Slate.com, November 13, 2001.]
According to the "New York Times", the
butterfly ballotin heavily Democratic Palm Beach County may have cost Gore a net 6286 votes, and the two page ballot in similarly Democratic Duval County may have cost him a net 1999 votes, each of which would have made the difference by itself. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/images/2001/11/12/politics/recount/design.html Special Report: The 2000 Election: Calculate the Results] .]
* [http://archives.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/12/13/got.here/index.html How we got here: A timeline of the Florida recount]
* [http://www.npr.org/news/national/election2000/ Election 2000] -
* [http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/00-949.ZPC.html Bush V. Gore]
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