Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom


Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Princess Elizabeth
title =Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg


imgw =187
spouse =Frederick VI
titles ="HRH" The Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg
"HRH" The Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Homburg
"HRH" The Princess Elizabeth
royal house =House of Hesse-Homburg
House of Hanover
father =George III of the United Kingdom
mother =Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
date of birth =22 May 1770
place of birth =Buckingham Palace, Westminster
date of death =Death date and age|1840|1|10|1770|5|23|df=yes
place of death =Frankfurt-am-Main, Hesse
place of burial =Mausoleum of the Landgraves, Homburg|

The Princess Elizabeth (22 May 1770 – 10 January 1840) was a member of the British Royal Family, the 7th child and 3rd daughter of George III of the United Kingdom.

Early life

The Princess Elizabeth was born at Buckingham Palace, London. Her father was the reigning British monarch, George III, the eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. Her mother was Queen Charlotte (née Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz).

The Princess' upbringing was very sheltered and she spent most of her time with her parents and sisters. King George and Queen Charlotte were keen to shelter their children, particularly the girls. However, in 1812, Princess Elizabeth purchased The Priory at Old Windsor in Berkshire as her private residence.

Marriage

During a ball in the British royal court in 1814 Elisabeth got to know the German Prince Frederick of Hesse-Homburg. When Elisabeth saw the Austrian officer in his elegant Hussar's uniform, she is supposed to have said: "If he is single, I will marry him!". Against all resistance the wedding took place on 7 April 1818 in the private chapel in Buckingham Palace in Westminster. It wasn't a real "love match", in spite of the mutual understanding and respect; in fact it was an agreement with which both well managed. Elisabeth moved to Germany with her husband.

Later life

On 20 January 1820, Frederick succeeded his father as the Landgraf of Hesse-Homburg. After this, he had to redevelop thanks to the dowry and the annual allowance of his wife, who left him enough money to the Homburg court. However, Elisabeth (now "The Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg") could say goodbye to the rigid court etiquette and -today one would say- even realize.

She died on 10 January 1840 at age 69 in Frankfurt-am-Main, Hesse, Germany. She was buried in Mausoleum of the Landgraves, Homburg, Germany.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*22 May 1770 – 7 April 1818: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess Elizabeth
*7 April 1818 – 20 January 1820: "Her Royal Highness" The Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Homburg ["The London Gazette": [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=17353&geotype=London&gpn=733&type=ArchivedIssuePage 25 April] ; [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=17361&geotype=London&gpn=909&type=ArchivedIssuePage 19 May 1818] ]
*20 January 1820 – 10 January 1840: "Her Royal Highness" The Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg

Arms

As of 1789, as a daughter of the sovereign, Elizabeth had use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a "label argent of three points, the centre point bearing a cross gules, the outer points each bearing a rose gules". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]

Ancestors

ahnentafel-compact5
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border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Princess Elizabeth
of the United Kingdom

2= 2. George III of the United Kingdom
3= 3. Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
4= 4. Frederick, Prince of Wales
5= 5. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
6= 6. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Prince of Mirow
7= 7. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen
8= 8. George II of Great Britain
9= 9. Caroline of Ansbach
10= 10. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
11= 11. Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
12= 12. Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
13= 13. Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
14= 14. Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
15= 15. Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
16= 16. George I of Great Britain
17= 17. Sophia Dorothea of Celle
18= 18. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
19= 19. Eleanor Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach
20= 20. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
21= 21. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
22= 22. Charles, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
23= 23. Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
24= 24. Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
25= 25. Maria Katharina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
26= 26. Christian William I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
27= 27. Antoine Sybille of Barby-Muhlingen
28= 28. Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
29= 29. Sofie of Waldeck
30= 30. George Louis I of Erbach-Erbach
31= 31. Amelie Katherine of Waldeck-Eisenberg

References


*Michael A. Beatty (2003), "The English Royal Family of America, from Jamestown to the American Revolution", p. 207


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