infobox UK place
country = Wales
constituency_westminster= Brecon & Radnorshire
postcode_district = LD3
Brecon ( _cy. Aberhonddu) is an historic
market townin southern Powys, mid Wales, with a population of roughly 8,000 with around 6,000 in the surrounding area. It was the county townof the historic county of Brecknockshire; although its role as such was eclipsed with the formation of Powysit remains an important local centre.
Roman Britain Y Gaer, Breconwas established as a Roman cavalry base for the conquest of Roman Walesand Brecon was first established as a military base.
Dark Agesthe original Welsh name of the kingdom in whose territory Brecon stands was ' Brycheiniog', which later became anglicised to Brecknockshire or Breconshire, and probably derives from the personal name of Welsh Prince Brychan, the eponymous founder of the kingdom. The English name of Brecon town may also be derived from Brychan.
The Welsh name, Aberhonddu, means 'mouth of the Honddu'. It is derived from the
River Honddu, which meets the River Usknear the town centre, a short distance away from the River Tarrellwhich enters the Usk a few hundred metres upstream.
Before the building of the bridge over the Usk, Brecon was one of the few places where the river could be forded.
Coming of the Normans
confluenceof the Honddu and the River Uskmade for a valuable defensive position for the Norman castle[http://www.castlewales.com/brecon.html] which overlooks the town, built by Bernard de Neufmarchein the late 11th century.
Priory and cathedral
Less than a mile from the castle stands
Brecon Cathedral, a fairly modest building compared to many cathedrals. The role of Cathedral is a fairly recent one, and was bestowed upon the church in 1923 with the formation of the Diocese of Swansea and Breconfrom what was previously the Archdeaconry of Brecon - a part of the diocese of St David's.
Present Day Brecon
Today Brecon is a thriving community, and is popular as a holiday destination, being on the northern edge of the
Brecon BeaconsNational Park, affording among the best views of the Brecon Beacons themselves, a range of hills, including Pen-y-Fan, the highest point in southern Britain at 886m.
August sees an annual
Brecon Jazz Festivalheld in the town centre, with several open air venues and indoor concerts held in several venues, including the town's market hall and the recently opened 400-seat Theatr Brycheiniognext to the redeveloped Monmouthshire & Brecon Canalbasin to the east of the town centre.
Brecon's Speakers Club [http://www.breconspeakers.org.uk/ Brecon Speakers Club] opened in January 2008.
The east end of town also has two military establishments:
* Dering Lines, home to the Infantry Battle School (formerly Infantry Training Centre Wales), [ [http://www.army.mod.uk/brigade_of_gurkhas/brigade_units/gurkha_demonstration_companies/brecon/index.htm Brecon ] ] where Infantry Officers and Other Ranks are trained, and
* The Barracks, home to
160 (Wales) Brigade. Eight miles to the west of Brecon is SennybridgeTraining Area, an important training facility for the British Army. [ [http://www.army.mod.uk/5div/organisation/160_wales_brigade/index.htm Welcome to the new British Army Website - British Army Website ] ]
The west end of Brecon has a small industrial area, and recent years have seen the
cattlemarket moved from the centre of the town to this area, with markets held several times a week.
Brecon has many
primary schools, with a secondary schooland further educationcollege ( Coleg Powys) on the northern edge of the town. Due to Brecon being a ruralarea, bustrips of over an hour are not uncommon for pupils making their way to school. The town is also home to Christ College, a private boarding school.
Neath and Brecon Railwayreached Brecon in 1867, terminating at Free Street. By this point, Brecon already had two other railway stations:
*Watton - from
1 May, 1863when the Brecon and Merthyr Railwayto Merthyr Tydfilwas opened for traffic
*Mount Street - in September 1864, with
Llanidloesby the Mid Wales Railwaywhich linked to the Midland Railwayat Talyllyn Junction. The three companies consolidated their stations at a newly rebuilt Free Street Joint Station from 1871 [ [http://history.powys.org.uk/school1/brecon/stations.shtml Victorian Brecon - railway stations ] ] . Through services from the Midlands ceased in 1930, while services to Neath ceased in October 1962.
Points of interest
Brecon Beaconsand Brecon Beacons Mountains Centre
Brecon Cathedral, the seat of the Diocese of Swansea and Brecon
St. Mary's Church
Brecon Jazz Festival
South Wales Borderers Museum, Brecon
Theatr Brycheiniog(Brecon Theatre)
Roger Glover- Deep Purple
Sarah Siddons- actress †
* Thomas Coke - the first
Methodist Bishop, who previously had served as Mayorof Brecon in 1772 †
*Brecon hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1889.
*Brecon is a regular gig venue for the popular
Indie musicband The Automatic
Edwin ProsserThe first aeroplane to fly over the town of Brecon. The pioneering pilot, aged only 19, was Edwin Prosser. He was photographed after landing his 50 h.p. biplane at Slwch Farm near Brecon on 1st November, 1913, and flew over the town on the following day.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Brecon — Brecon … Deutsch Wikipedia
Brecon — Le centre ville … Wikipédia en Français
Brecon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Centro de la ciudad. Brecon (en galés Aberhonddu) es una ciudad histórica en la zona meridional de Powys, en Wales, con una población total de cerca de 14.000. Fue la ciudad capital de el condado histórico de B … Wikipedia Español
Brecon — Brecon, Stadt, so v.w. Brecknock 2) … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Brecon — Brecon, Stadt, s. Brecknock … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Brecon — ▪ Wales, United Kingdom also called Brecknock , Welsh Aberhonddu cathedral town, Powys county, historic county of Brecknockshire, Wales, on the River Usk at its confluence with the Honddu and Tarell. The town grew up around a Norman… … Universalium
Brecon — Original name in latin Brecon Name in other language Aberhonddu, Brecknock, Brecon, Brekon, Brekun, Brycheiniog, HMS Brecon, beulekon, Брекон, Брекън State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.94612 latitude 3.38887 altitude 136… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Brecon — or Brecknock geographical name 1. (or Breconshire) (or Brecknockshire) former county SE Wales capital Brecon 2. town SE Wales in Powys population 7422 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Brecon — This is a locational surname. It can be English, Scottish or Welsh. It may originate from the village of Brecon in the former county of Breconshire or Brecknockshire, East Wales, or from the village of Bracken in Yorkshire, or the town of Brechin … Surnames reference
Brecon — noun A town in Powys, Wales … Wiktionary