Paris-Orly Airport


Paris-Orly Airport
Paris-Orly Airport
Aéroport de Paris-Orly
OrlyVal Orly.JPG
IATA: ORYICAO: LFPO
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aéroports de Paris
Serves Paris
Location Seven cities in Essonne and Val-de-Marne
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 291 ft / 89 m
Coordinates 48°43′24″N 002°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944Coordinates: 48°43′24″N 002°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944
Website www.aeroportsdeparis.fr/ADP/en-gb/passagers/home/
Map
ORY is located in Île-de-France (region)
ORY
Location within Île-de-France
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 2,400 7,874 Concrete
06/24 3,650 11,975 Bituminous concrete
08/26 3,320 10,892 Concrete
Statistics (2010)
Passengers 25,203,969
Source: French AIP[1]
French AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]
Statistics[3]

Paris-Orly Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Orly) (IATA: ORYICAO: LFPO) is an airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) south[2] of Paris, France. It has flights to cities in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, North America and Southeast Asia. Prior to the construction of Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly was the main airport of Paris. Even with the shift of most international traffic to Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly remains the busiest French airport for domestic traffic and the second busiest French airport overall in terms of passenger boardings with 25,204,000 in 2010.[3]

Orly Airport extends over 15.3 square kilometres (5.9 sq mi) of land. It straddles two départements and seven communes:

Management of the airport, however, is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris, which also manages Charles de Gaulle Airport, Le Bourget Airport, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.

Contents

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Orly Airport has two terminals: West and South.

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aigle Azur Agadir, Algiers, Annaba, Bamako, Batna, Bejaia, Biskra, Constantine, Djanet, Djerba, Funchal, Lisbon, Oran, Ouagadougou, Porto, Setif, Tamanrasset, Tlemcen South
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Bejaia, Biskra, Constantine, Oran, Tamanrasset, Tlemcen South
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur South
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel South
Air Burkina Ouagadougou South
Air Caraïbes Atlantique Cayenne, Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Martin, Port-au-Prince South
Air Europa Alicante, Madrid, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife -South West
Air France Ajaccio, Basel/Mulhouse, Bastia, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Calvi, Cayenne, Clermont-Ferrand, Figari, Fort-de-France, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Nice, Pau, Perpignan, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Strasbourg, Toulon, Toulouse West
Air France operated by Air Corsica Ajaccio, Bastia, Calvi, Figari West
Air France operated by Airlinair Annecy [ends 11 December], Berne, Lyon
Seasonal: Limoges
West
Air France operated by Brit Air Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Brest, Clermont-Ferrand, Lorient, Lourdes/Tarbes, Lyon, Montpellier, Pau, Perpignan, Quimper, Rodez, Strasbourg West
Air France operated by CityJet London-City, Nantes West
Air Ivoire Abidjan South
Air Mali Bamako South
Air Malta Malta, Reggio Calabria West
Air Méditerranée Oran, Palma de Mallorca, Tunis
Seasonal: Bodrum
Charter: Agadir, Málaga, Marrakech, Oujda, Tangier
South
Airlinair Agen, Aurillac, Brive, Castres, Lannion South
Airlinair operated by Chalair Aviation Annecy [begins 12 December], Caen, La Rochelle South
Alitalia Milan-Linate West
Alitalia operated by Air One Milan-Linate West
British Airways London-Heathrow West
Corsairfly Antananarivo, Dakar, Fort-de-France, Mauritius, Miami, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Saint-Martin
Seasonal: Dzaoudzi, Montréal-Trudeau
South
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago de Cuba South
EasyJet Athens, Berlin-Schönefeld, Faro, Milan-Linate, Naples, Nice, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse
Seasonal:Brindisi, Cagliari [begins 4 July 2012], Dubrovnik, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Rhodes [begins 3 July 2012]
South
EasyJet operated by EasyJet Switzerland Budapest, Geneva, Venice-Marco Polo South
Europe Airpost Barcelona, Errachidia, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Malta, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Tangier, Vienna, Zurich
Chartered Seasonal: Almería, Banjul, Ibiza, Lampedusa, Ouarzazate, Rabat, Zakynthos
South
Flybe Exeter, Southampton West
Hex'Air Le Puy South
Iberia Madrid, Tenerife-South West
Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Albacete, Badajoz, Burgos, Ibiza, León, Madrid, Salamanca, Valladolid, Zaragoza West
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini South
Jet4you Agadir, Casablanca, Fez, Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat South
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen South
OpenSkies Newark South
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen South
Royal Air Maroc Agadir, Casablanca, Essaouira, Fez, Marrakech, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier South
SATA International Funchal South
Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus South
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto West
Transavia.com France Agadir, Antalya, Arrecife, Bodrum, Canée, Catania, Djerba, Féz, Funchal, Granada, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza [begins 30 May 2012], Izmir, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luxor, Marrakech, Monastir, Mykonos, Oujda, Palermo, Porto, Rhodes, Santorini, Seville, Taba, Tangier, Tenerife-South, Tozeur
Charter: Cap Skiring, Dakar, Ivalo
Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavik [10]
South
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Sfax, Tozeur, Tunis South
Twin Jet Bergerac, Périgueux West
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Ibiza, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Seville, Valencia, Zurich West

Other facilities

AOM French Airlines had its head office in Orly Airport Building 363 in Paray-Vieille-Poste.[11][12][13] After AOM and Air Liberté merged in 2001,[14] the new airline, Air Lib, occupied building 363.[15]

Transportation

Road

Orly Airport is connected to the A106 autoroute (extension of the A6 autoroute).

Rail
  • Orly Airport is connected to the RER B train line at Antony (Paris RER) train station by the Orlyval automatic shuttle. Orlyval is free to use between the two Orly terminals (west and south).
  • A shuttle connects Orly Airport to the RER C train at Pont de Rungis – Aéroport d'Orly.
  • Tramway T7 is planned to open in 2013 and will connect the south terminal to Villejuif – Louis Aragon on Paris Métro Line 7 (already reachable with bus 285).
Buses to Paris include
  • the Air France coaches (Cars Air France)
  • the RATP Orlybus (direct to Denfert-Rochereau)

History

Originally known as Villeneuve-Orly Airport, the facility was opened in the southern suburbs of Paris in 1932 as a secondary airport to Le Bourget. Before this two huge airship hangars had been built there by the famous engineer Eugène Freyssinet from 1923 on.

Military use

As a result of the Battle of France in 1940, Orly Airport was used by the occupying German Luftwaffe as a combat airfield, stationing various fighter and bomber units at the airport throughout the occupation.[16] As a result, Orly was repeatedly attacked by the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Force (USAAF), destroying much of its infrastructure, and leaving its runways with numerous bomb craters to limit its usefulness by the Germans.

After the Battle of Normandy and the retreat of German forces from the Paris area in August 1944, Orly was partially repaired by USAAF combat engineers and was used by Ninth Air Force as tactical airfield A-47. The 50th Fighter Group flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bomber aircraft from the airport until September, then liaison squadrons used the airfield until October 1945.[17]

The American United States Army Air Force 1408th Army Air Force Base Unit was the primary operator at Orly Field until March 1947 when control was returned to the French Government. (The United States Air Force leased a small portion of the Airport to support Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) at Rocquencourt). The Americans left in 1967 as a result of France's withdrawal from NATO's integrated military command, and all non-French NATO forces were asked to leave France.[18]

Incidents, accidents and attacks

On 3 June 1962, Air France Flight F-BHSM, a chartered Boeing 707 named the Chateau de Sully, bound for Atlanta, U.S., crashed on take off with 132 people on board; 130 of them were killed. The only survivors were two stewardesses seated in the rear of the plane. The charter flight was carrying home Atlanta's civic and cultural leaders of the day. At the time, this was the highest recorded death toll for an incident involving a single aircraft.

On 11 July 1973, Varig Flight 820, a Boeing 707, made a forced landing due to fire in a rear lavatory, incoming from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão. The aircraft landed 5 kilometers short of the runway, in a full-flap and gear down configuration. However, due mainly to smoke inhalation, there were 123 deaths. Eleven people survived (10 crew, 1 passenger).[19]

On 3 March 1974, Turkish Airlines Flight 981, otherwise known as the Ermenonville air disaster crashed in the Ermenonville forest after take-off from Orly on a flight to London's Heathrow Airport when an improperly closed cargo door burst open and explosive decompression brought down the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and killed all 346 on board.

On 13 January 1975, several men, including Ilich Ramírez Sánchez AKA Carlos the Jackal, made an unsuccessful Rocket-Propelled Grenade attack on an El Al airliner. The Boeing 707 was taking off for New York City with 136 passengers. They missed the aircraft, but damaged a JAT McDonnell Douglas DC-9 which had just disembarked passengers from Zagreb. The men tried again on 19 January, again without success when police spotted the terrorists and opened fire with a submachine gun.

On 20 May 1978, three terrorists opened fire on El Al passengers in the departure lounge. All three terrorists were killed, along with one policeman and three French tourists were also injured.[20]

On 15 July 1983, the Armenian underground organisation ASALA bombed a Turkish airline counter in the airport, killing eight people and wounding over 50. The ASALA member Varoujan Garabedian was convicted to life imprisonment for perpetrating the bombing.

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ LFPO – PARIS ORLY (PDF). AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 17 Nov 2011.
  2. ^ a b EAD Basic
  3. ^ a b "Aéroport de Paris – Orly" (in French). Les Aéroports Français, Statistiques annuelles. Paris: Union des aéroports Français. http://www.aeroport.fr/les-aeroports-de-l-uaf/stats-paris-orly.php. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Plan de Wissous." Wissous. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  5. ^ "Plans, cartes et vue aérienne." Athis-Mons. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  6. ^ "Plan interactif." Chilly-Mazarin. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  7. ^ "Plan." Morangis. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  8. ^ "Plan de la ville." Villeneuve-le-Roi. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  9. ^ "Plan d'Orly." Orly. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  10. ^ http://www.transavia.com/hv/fr-FR/destinations
  11. ^ "World Airline Directory 1999." Flight International. 2000. 363.
  12. ^ "Nos coordonnées agences en "France Métropolitaine "." AOM French Airlines. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "SIEGE Bâtiment 363 B.P. 854 94 551 ORLY AEROGARE CEDEX"
  13. ^ "Résultat de votre recherche." Le Journal officiel électronique authentifié. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Siège social : compagnie Air Lib, bâtiment 363, zone centrale à l’aéroport d’Orly, 91550 Paray-Vieille-Poste."
  14. ^ "Découvrir Air Liberté." Air Liberté. 23 February 2002. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Le 22 Septembre 2001, AOM et AIR LIBERTE ont donné naissance à une nouvelle compagnie aérienne qui porte désormais le nom AIR LIB."
  15. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 12–18 March 2002. 57.
  16. ^ The Luftwaffe, 1933-45
  17. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  18. ^ [McAuliffe, Jerome J. (2005). US Air Force in France 1950–1967. San Diego, California: Milspec Press, Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations. ISBN 978-0-9770371-1-7.
  19. ^ "Accident description PP-VJZ". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730711-0. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  20. ^ Lewis, Flora (May 21, 1978). "3 TERRORISTS KILLED IN ATTACK IN PARIS ON EL AL PASSENGERS; 3 French Tourists Bound for Israel Are Injured and One Policeman Is Killed in 25-Minute Fight". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0610FB355A11728DDDA80A94DD405B888BF1D3. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 

References

  • McAuliffe, Jerome J: U.S. Air Force in France 1950–1967 (2005), Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations.

External links


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