Camberley


Camberley

infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Camberley
map_type= Surrey
population = 30,155 [ [http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspublications.nsf/591f7dda55aad72a80256c670041a50d/1c602ea59c869c9180256e600054b26c/$FILE/Town%20populations.pdf Surrey County Council census data] ]
shire_district= Surrey Heath
shire_county = Surrey
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= Surrey Heath
post_town= CAMBERLEY
postcode_district = GU15, GU16, GU17
postcode_area= GU
dial_code= 01276
os_grid_reference= TQ234561
latitude= 51.335
longitude= -0.742

Camberley is a town in Surrey, England, situated 31 miles (50 km) south west of central London, in the corridor between the M3 and M4 motorways. The town lies close to the borders of both Hampshire and Berkshire; the boundaries intersect on the western edge of the town where all three counties converge.

Camberley's suburbs include Crawley Hill, Heatherside, Yorktown, Old Dean and Frimley Road district.

The town has a population of 30,155,cite web | url=http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Expodata/Spreadsheets/D8271.csv |title=Table KS01 Usual resident population |accessdate=2008-05-11 |last= |first= |date= |work= |publisher=Office for National Statistics ] whilst the Aldershot Urban Area (which also includes other towns, such as Aldershot, Farnborough, and Farnham) has a population of 243,344, making it the thirtieth-largest urban area in the UK.

History

A settlement which became known as Yorktown grew up around the gates of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst in the 19th century. The college was renamed in 1947 the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. [ [http://www.philipjohnston.com/rmas/history.htm History of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst] ]

During the 19th century, Camberley grew in size. This was given added impetus with the arrival of the branch-line railway (the main-line passes through nearby Deepcut but there is no stop).

Later, the Staff College was established to the east of the Academy, and a property speculator built the nearby Cambridge Hotel. The surrounding area became known as Cambridge Town, but was renamed "Camberley" in 1877 to avoid confusion with Cambridge in Cambridgeshire.

Camberley was mentioned in the black-and-white film "Lord of the Flies", loosely based on the William Golding novel. In this, the character Piggy correctly states that Camberley was formerly known as Cambridgetown, [ [http://www.script-o-rama.com/movie_scripts/l/lord-of-the-flies-script.html Film script for Lord of the Flies] ] but changed its name following confusion with the town of Cambridge. He claims that the new name consisted of three parts; "Cam" taken from the original name of Cambridgetown, "ber" taken from the name of a nearby river (in fact there is no such river), and "ley" because it is a common ending for English town names (as in neighbouring Frimley). One would imagine this reference came from the child actor who played Piggy himself, Hugh Edwards, who left Camberley Primary School - long since demolished to make way for a town centre redevelopment - to star in the film.

Camberley grew to become the largest town in the area, and Yorktown is now almost regarded as part of Camberley.

Geography

The smaller town of Frimley, being so close to Camberley, is often thought to be a part of the town by many visitors to the area, although the two are, for the most part, clearly separated by the M3 motorway. Frimley has its own town centre, a major regional hospital (Frimley Park) and extensive suburban areas. In the 19th century, Yorktown and Camberley were in the Ecclesiastical Parish of Frimley. The neighbouring town of Blackwater, 3 km (2 miles) to the west is also considered by some to be a suburb of Camberley, however, it is actually situated in the Hart District of Hampshire.

Economy

Most of Camberley's town centre is host to "The Mall" shopping centre, built around the Main Square. This is a late 1980s development anchored by stores such as House of Fraser and Woolworths. The most memorable feature of the Main Square in Camberley is the large clock found in the centre of the complex which also houses a lift up to a café which is opposite a Primark store. The High Street has a number of shops as well as bars and clubs, many of the latter being more recent additions. There are a number of secondary shopping streets including Park Street, Princess Way and parts of London Road.

After much debate and delay (plans having been discussed for over half a decade), construction started in May 2006 on a new seven acre mixed-use development west of Park Street. Named 'The Atrium', the new development will include residential, leisure and retail facilities, as well as a 900 space car park. There will be 217 'design-led' apartments divided into three areas within the complex (named Centro, Aspect and Courtyard). Fourteen new retail units will face directly onto Park Street, opposite the Main Square shopping centre. The intention is to pedestrianise and landscape Park Street for the new development. Leisure facilities are to include a nine-screen cinema, bowling alley, a health and fitness club, cafés and restaurants. Various elements of The Atrium will be opening during 2008, with the final elements, the main cinema and bowling Alley, opening in October and November respectively. [ [http://www.surreyheath.gov.uk/council/ParkStreetRedevelopment/update.htm Surrey Heath Website - Atrium Update] ]

Major employers include Sun Microsystems, whose UK headquarters are located just across the Hampshire border in Minley next to the M3 motorway at junction 4a.

Present day

The Old Dean is a housing estate on the outskirts of Camberley, most of which was built in the 1950s on the "Old Dean Common" for residents of heavily bombed Surrey-area's homeless after World War II. Many of the roads on that half of the Old Dean are named after those areas (the others are named after places on the common). There is a recent development which has expanded the Old Dean and provides more affordable housing. The Old Dean is home to Camberley's largest educational institute - Collingwood College.

Camberley and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst are featured in a Doctor Who comic story entitled "The Warkeeper's Crown".

Camberley has a theatre and a football club.

The town has its own public library, theatre (Camberley Theatre) and is home to the Surrey Heath Borough Council offices. The town's only cinema, owned by Robin's Cinemas, and situated on London Road some distance from the town centre, closed in 2003 and was recently burnt down in 2007. The Arena, a sports/leisure centre and pool facility, is found nearby.

Transport

Camberley railway station is situated south of the town centre on the Ascot to Guildford line. It is connected to London Waterloo, Guildford and Ascot by South West Trains. Nearby Blackwater station (situated perpendicular to the A30 on the border of Hampshire, Surrey and Berkshire) on the North Downs Line has direct services to Reading, Gatwick Airport and, again, Guildford.

The town is served by the following main bus routes:
* First Berkshire & The Thames Valley: 194
* Arriva Guildford & West Surrey: 35 & 34
* Stagecoach in Hampshire: 200
* Stagecoach in Hants & Surrey: 1, 2 & 3
* Dicksons Travel: 500 & 501

Camberley can be reached by the A30 and lies between Junction 3 and Junction 4 of the M3 motorway.

There are two small airports nearby Farnborough Airfield at Farnborough and Blackbushe Airport near Yateley. Farnborough Airfield is well-known for its International Air Show. Heathrow is 30 km (19 miles) away.

The A30 leaving Camberley to the north for Bagshot has the large roundabout on it called the Jolly Farmer.

Education

There are a number of schools in Camberley. Collingwood College is famous for being one of the largest in Surrey with over 2000 pupils. Kings International College (formerly France Hill School) is also situated in Camberley. Other schools include Tomlinscote School and Sixth Form College, Lyndhurst School [ [http://www.lyndhurstschool.co.uk Lyndhurst School] ] founded in 1895 and one of only a few day preparatory schools with an unbroken history of over one hundred years, Lyndhurst School Day Nursery [ [http://www.lyndhurstschool.co.uk/nursery.asp Lyndhurst School Day Nursery] ] , Lakeside Primary School, Watchetts Junior School [ [http://www.watchetts.surrey.sch.uk/ Watchetts Junior School] ] , Crawley Ridge Junior School, [ [http://www.crawleyridge.net Crawley Ridge Junior School] ] Bristow First Infants School [ [http://www.bristow.surrey.sch.uk/ Briston Infants School and Nursery] ] , Lorraine Infant School and Nursery [ [http://www.lorraineschool.co.uk/ Lorraine Infant School and Nursery] ] , Cordwalles Junior School [ [http://www.cordwalles.surrey.sch.uk/ Cordwalles Junior School] ] , The Grove Primary School and St.Augustines Primary School.

The nearest universities are Royal Holloway, University of London which is situated 18 km (11 miles) east of Camberley in Egham, with the University of Surrey (at Guildford) and the University of Reading both being 25 km (16 miles) to the southeast and northwest respectively.

port

Camberley and Farnborough Hockey Club [ [http://www.candfhockey.co.uk Camberley and Farnborough Hockey Club] ] play men and women's field hockey at Kings International College and draw many players from the region.

Camberley Town football club currently play in the Premier division of the Combined Counties League . They play at Krooner Park, Wilton Road.

Camberley rugby football club play in the Powergen London League division 4 South West. They play at the Watchetts recreation ground, Park Road.

Camberley cricket club play in the Surrey Championship division 2. Their ground is in Upper Verran Road.

[http://www.frimleyltc.org.uk Frimley Lawn Tennis Club] offer social and competitive tennis. They play at the Watchetts recreation ground in Camberley. Mens, ladies and mixed teams play all year in the Aldershot and District LTA League.

[http://www.camberleychess.co.uk/ Camberley Chess Club] plays at the Camberley Baptist Church Hall, Frimley Road, Camberley, GU15 3EN. The club meets every Tuesday evening from 7.30pm. They are 2007 - 8 [http://www.berkshirechess.com/ Berkshire League] champions. They also compete in several divisions of the [http://www.borderleague.org.uk/ Surrey Border League] .

Notable people

:"See List of famous people linked with Camberley

Trivia

*The town falls under the siren test area of Broadmoor Hospital (secure mental hospital) with a siren test every Monday at 10 AM that sounds similar to an air raid siren.

References

[www.watchmoorpark.com] = Watchmoor Business Park =

* [http://www.camberleyonthe.net/ Camberley On The Net] – The OFFICIAL Camberley Guide
* [http://www.pyrosoft.co.uk/cbid/ Camberley Business Directory] – A directory of Camberley based businesses.
* [http://www.surreyheath.gov.uk/ Surrey Heath Council] – Camberley's Local Council
* [http://www.surreyheath.gov.uk/tourism/SurreyHeathMuseums/ Surrey Heath Museum] – Situated in Camberley
* [http://www.candfhockey.co.uk Camberley & Farnborough Hockey Club] – Camberley & Farnborough local Field Hockey Team.
* [http://www.camberleychess.co.uk Camberley Chess Club] – Camberley Chess Club.
* [http://www.camberleyrotaract.org.uk Camberley Rotaract Club] – Camberley based club for 18-30 year old's, wishing to become involved in Social, Community, Fundraiseing and Sports.
* [http://www.frimleyltc.org.uk Frimley Lawn Tennis Club] – Camberley based tennis Club at Watchetts Park.
* [http://www.lyndhurstschool.co.uk Lyndhurst School and Day Nursery] – Privately owned Primary School and Day Nursery based in Camberley


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